What is the most dangerous hepatitis - description, forms and consequences
Hepatitis refers to inflammatory liver disease. There are several varieties of pathology. Depending on the type of hepatitis, one can draw a conclusion about the course, pathogenicity and method of therapy. Any of us should know the signs of the disease, because some of its varieties are asymptomatic. What is the most dangerous hepatitis? The article will consider the course of the disease and its features.
What is hepatitis?
Hepatitis is a general term for all chronic or sudden pathological processes that occur in the human liver. The inflammatory process leads to the death of its cells.
The liver is an important organ that is involved in maintaining the vital functions of the body. The main functions:
- in the liver produces bile contained in the gallbladder and released to digest fatty foods;
- in the body produces certain types of protein, for example, albumin;
- liver has the ability to decontaminate toxic substances and decomposition products of harmful products, ammonia, alcohol, nic
- in the liver processed nutrients( vitamins, proteins, glucose).
The forms and forms of hepatitis can be different. Lungs that pass unnoticed, and heavy varieties destroy the human body, if not start treatment. What is the most dangerous hepatitis? The article will consider the signs of this disease.
What is the danger?
The most serious form of the disease is hepatitis C. There are several features of its confirmation:
- The complexity of diagnosing pathology.
- In the absence of timely treatment, hepatitis can develop into cirrhosis of the liver, which will lead to the appearance of cancer.
- The mortality rate in the absence of treatment is 5-8%.
Hepatitis With years and even decades remains asymptomatic, continuing to destroy the liver. The disease is transmitted through the blood.
What is the most dangerous hepatitis? The prognosis of the disease depends on many factors and on when the virus entered the blood. To his health a person should be treated with increased attention, especially after visiting tattoo parlors, after manicure or pedicure, blood transfusion.
The most severe complication of hepatitis C is cirrhosis of the liver.20% of cases cause cirrhosis, in other cases the person continues to live with a virus in the liver. Complete independent cure for hepatitis C is a very rare phenomenon.
Types of the disease
Which group is the most dangerous hepatitis? Due to the fact that hepatitis C is considered the most deadly disease, it is necessary to consider other types of it.
All forms of pathology have an acute course, which then passes into a chronic course. These include the following types: B, C and A.
Hepatitis A is easiest to identify at an early stage, the death rate from it is 0.5%.Diagnosis specialist determines on the basis of laboratory data. A person has a fever and an increase in the liver. A few days later, the first signs of jaundice.
Hepatitis B is widespread, it is more dangerous than type A. It is easy to diagnose. Hepatitis B rarely leads to the occurrence of such serious diseases as cirrhosis. He is treated successfully, the number of deaths is minimal.
It is easy to diagnose the disease, the blood test will help to identify the virus.
One of the most accurate methods for determining hepatitis B is liver biopsy. Timely diagnosis and treatment can cure the disease at an early stage.
First signs of the disease
What is the most dangerous hepatitis and its symptoms? The incubation period of hepatitis C is about 50 days. A person does not feel any symptoms of the disease and feels completely healthy. The maximum period of the latent period can be up to 140 days.
Initially, signs of hepatitis B and A should be considered in order to understand their similarity and difference from type C.
Symptoms of infection with viral form A:
- in children the disease manifests itself 4-6 months after contact with a sick person;
- in adults, the disease begins acutely: fever, chills, darkened urine, yellowed eye whites and skin.
The main signs of hepatitis B:
- Infection occurs after 1.5-6 months after infection.
- Minor temperature increase.
- Pain sensations in the joints and muscles.
- Urine acquires a dark color.
- The skin turns yellow.
The disease may not appear for a long time, but the carrier freely infects other people.
What kind of hepatitis is the most dangerous? Despite the fact that the most serious pathology is a type C virus, form B of the disease also poses a threat to human health. In order to reveal the pathology in time, you need to know exactly its symptoms.
Signs of hepatitis B in chronic form:
- has similar symptoms with acute form;
- a chronic disease can develop for several years, and is detected by chance during the delivery of tests.
Which genotype of hepatitis C is the most dangerous? Signs of hepatitis C:
- Prolonged asymptomatic course of the disease with the gradual development of cirrhosis of the liver.
- Chronic fatigue, nausea, vomiting and fever( 37-37.5 degrees) occur.
- Usually symptoms appear after 1.5 months after infection.
- The virus is easily transmitted to other people, but the person does not suspect about it.
With further course of the disease, jaundice begins, the spleen increases.
How to identify pathology?
What kind of hepatitis is the most dangerous? As mentioned above, the most serious type of disease is the form C.
The special danger of the disease lies in the fact that it does not have clinical manifestations. Only when there is nausea, chronic fatigue and pain in the joints, the patient begins to suspect about the development of hepatitis C. Gradually the skin turns yellow.
The peculiarity of hepatitis C is not a pronounced intoxication and an increase in transaminase, like those of type A and B.
Treatment and prevention of the disease
What is the most dangerous and contagious hepatitis? The most serious form of the disease is type C. To prevent its spread, it is necessary to know what preventive measures and treatment measures should be observed by patients.
Special treatment for hepatitis A is not required, most importantly - adherence to a special diet that does not overload the liver. From the diet should be excluded fried, fatty and spicy. The doctor prescribes to the patients "Karsil", "Gepabene", "Heptral", etc.
Type B therapy is more difficult, since there are no medicines available to treat this virus. When acute, patients drink antiviral drugs, comply with bed rest and eat right. The specialist must monitor the course of the chronic stage, and in the case of cancer or liver failure the patient will need a liver transplant.
The most difficult type of treatment includes help with hepatitis C. Usually the disease goes to a chronic stage, so patients need to take antiviral and immunomodulating medications. If the development of cirrhosis or cancer begins, then the patient needs organ transplantation.
Prevention of the disease is the observance of hygienic measures( washing hands, correct processing of fresh vegetables and fruits).The patient should exclude promiscuous sexual intercourse, take care when visiting beauty salons and dental clinics, go only to the institutions inspected.
Hepatitis is a serious disease that affects the liver, so maintaining a healthy lifestyle and maintaining personal hygiene will reduce the risk of infection.