What is the pain with kidney pain? Character and treatment
Kidney diseases are so common that almost everyone has come across them. If there is pain in the lower back, lower back or side, then the person thinks that his kidney is hurting. But this is not always true. Such a pain syndrome can occur in other diseases of the internal organs. Just about what kind of pain with pain in the kidneys occurs, and will be discussed in this article.
What are the kidneys?
Kidneys are an important organ of our body. From his work depends on the proper functioning of all other systems. If the kidney organ fails, the person feels pain and discomfort. There are various diseases.
The main purpose of the kidneys is to cleanse the blood. They work continuously and for a day distill about 200 liters of plasma. There are two kidneys in the human body. One is on the right, the other is on the left. The internal organ has a complex structure and plays a huge role in the functioning of the body.
Malfunctions in the kidney are indicated by various symptoms, including pai
Causes of kidney pain
Depending on what kind of pain is caused by pain in the kidneys, and determine the causes of the onset of the disease.
Pain in the internal organ can occur due to an inflammatory process that affects the glomerular apparatus( glomerulonephritis).Appear if the calycephalic-calcaneous part of the kidneys becomes inflamed( pyelonephritis).The appearance of a foreign calculus speaks of a kidney stone disease, which is accompanied by a renal colic.
Kidney pain occurs with cysts and various formations that have arisen in the cavity of the renal organ. Negative sensations cause nephroptosis and impaired renal function, which is due to renal failure.
Pain sensations in the kidney can cause trauma, a large volume of fluid taken in a short period of time, heavy physical activity, pregnancy.
General symptoms of kidney disease
What kind of pain in kidney pains indicates a pathology in the body? This is a pain in the upper part of the lower back, under the ribs. It is in this area is located paired organ. The nature of pain in the kidneys depends on the diagnosis. Painful sensations can be pulling, sharp, aching and stitching. They differ in the strength of manifestation. They are permanent and temporary.
Pains are often accompanied by fever, heat and bad health. Dizziness, nausea and headaches are observed in patients. Appetite disappears. The volume of excreted urine decreases. The temperature and pressure increase. There are swelling. Frequent and difficult urination. Urine acquires an uncharacteristic color and a pungent smell. There is blood or pus in it. The consistency of urine becomes viscous.
Until the patient is examined by a nephrologist, it is not necessary to state that the kidneys are sore, because next to them are other organs, the disruption of which can cause a similar picture.
Symptoms of kidney disease
And now we will talk about what kind of pain in the kidneys indicates a particular ailment.
Renal pain is acute. This is due to kidney stones that damage the mucous membrane of the urinary system. During attacks, renal colic is observed with a stabbing strong and constant pain. It localizes in the waist and side.
Infection of the renal system. It is accompanied by a dull and aching pain in the right or left side. Pain sensations are insignificant, but they give a certain discomfort to the patient. In addition to pain, the patient's fever rises, fever, nausea, swelling.
Illness with an inflammatory process affecting the glomerulus and tubules. Pain sharp piercing. Appear in the area of the buds, on both sides. The patient feels sluggish, weak and quickly tired. Appear edema and blood in the urine.
Atherosclerosis of the renal arteries
Develops with atherosclerosis. In the renal arteries, cholesterol plaques are formed, which prevent the blood from circulating fully. The pain is periodic and aching.
Kidney of the kidney
Its appearance is accompanied by mild pain in the back and lower back. The cyst prevents a full flow of urine.
This is an adenoma, of a hamartoma or an oncocytoma. Their appearance is asymptomatic, but when they reach a large size, they squeeze the kidneys and interfere with the full functioning of the organ. Causes aching pain in the lower back or in the side.
Occurs when a malignant tumor occurs. Appear dull and pulling pain in the area of the body. Weak enough, they are not immediately noticed. With the growth of neoplasm pain intensifies.
The disease is associated with stagnation of urine. Occurs because of the narrowing of the passage, through which the urine passes from the renal pelvis into the ureter. Characterized by severe aching or stitching pain in the lumbar region.
Bladder ureter reflux
An ailment in which urine from the bladder is thrown back into the ureter. It develops against the background of acute pyelonephritis. Characterized by aching pain in the kidneys, increased body temperature, swelling, weakness.
There is a pulsating severe pain in the kidney area. The urine becomes thick with an unpleasant odor. The disease is accompanied by increased pressure and water exchange failures in the body.
Pain is piercing. It is constantly present, which causes insomnia. Pus and blood appear in the urine.
Characteristics of pain in the kidney area
What kind of kidney pain occurs with diseases of the renal organ? It can be different:
- Drawing. Speaks of inflammation and is of a permanent nature( pyelonephritis).
- Nicking and pressing. Indicates an inflammatory process and serious kidney disease( tuberculosis, cancer).It is constantly present.
- Pressing. Occurs with inflammation of the paired organ, development and formation of a tumor. With the progression of the disease, the pain intensifies. It becomes acute and pronounced.
- Sharp. Tells about urolithiasis. It alternates with a stitch, which indicates the movement of stones along the urinary tract. Can give in the right leg.
- Sharp. Tells about the presence of kidney stones. Gives in the leg or the groin.
- Stitching and throbbing. Indicates an inflammatory process, the presence of stones or a malignant tumor.
Depending on what kind of kidney pain a person has, the doctor determines the diagnosis. For his thinning, he appoints a series of tests and an additional examination.
Urolithiasis is almost the most common disease of the renal organ. What is the pain in kidney stones in a patient? Painful sensations in this case are not permanent, but periodic. The pain is strong and sharp. Occurs due to:
- damage to the mucous membrane of the organ;
- failure in the discharge of urine;
- increase in pressure in the renal pelvis;
- inflammatory process;
- spasm of the ureter, in the location of the stone.
Seizures with urolithiasis are manifested by renal colic. This is a strong intolerable stitching pain in the kidney area. In addition, there is an increased body temperature, poor health, there is urine with blood, it is difficult to outflow.
Treatment of this disease is carried out in a hospital. Patients are prescribed antispasmodics and pain medications. If necessary, the stones are removed.
About what symptoms with kidney pain occur in diseases, it was written above. But the pain in the kidneys can also occur with an organ injury. And their strength does not always characterize the severity of the damage.
- Injuries to the kidneys of mild severity occur with a low back impact or a fall on the back. Pain in this case is poorly expressed. The state of human health is insignificant. In some cases, blood in the urine may appear.
- To injury of medium severity is the rupture of the kidneys. It arises inside the organ. Can capture kidney calyx and pelvis. The pain in this trauma is not strong, but sharp. The victim feels bad. His blood pressure drops, weakness and lethargy are observed. At the site of the trauma, there is swelling and bruising, and in the urine there is blood.
- Severe damage. In this case, not only the internal organs of the kidney are torn, but also the organ itself. With such a trauma, the pain is severe acute. It is localized in the lumbar region. It is accompanied by internal bleeding, a sharp drop in pressure, loss of consciousness.
What kind of pain in kidney disease occurs during pregnancy?
Very often kidney pain occurs in pregnant women. This is due to the fact that the body in this period is working in a strengthened mode, and the enlarged uterus presses on the surrounding organs.
Painful sensations of a pulling character speak about diseases of the urethra. Dull and aching pains indicate pyelonephritis. Acute strong and prickly pain occurs with urolithiasis. Glomerulonephritis is indicated by acute pain in the lower back.
In pregnancy with pain in the kidney area, it is important to consult a doctor immediately. Establish the correct diagnosis and begin timely treatment.
Diseases of other organs with pain in the renal zone
Pain in the renal area can occur with diseases of other organs. Pain in the lower back causes osteochondrosis of the lumbar region. The pain gives in a leg. Muscular weakness, tingling and numbness of the limbs are observed.
Strong and acute pains occur with a hernia on the spine. Such a symptomatology occurs with injuries of the spine, ribs, spinal cord, liver and spleen. In this case, the symptoms are mixed, and the diagnosis is established after a thorough examination of the patient.
Pain sensations in the kidney area are with acute appendicitis and are accompanied by a number of negative symptoms. There is pain in the location of the kidneys in the pathology of the prostate gland. Here there is a violation of the outflow of urine, there are problems with potency, and pain gives to the perineum.
Which doctor should I use for kidney pain? This question is posed to itself by almost everyone who first encountered this problem. To diagnose the disease, you can contact the therapist, urologist or nephrologist. But only a nephrologist is considered a specialist in kidney disease.
Patient examination is performed by palpation of the abdomen and small pelvis. When pressing on the place of the lesion, there is a pain. To confirm the diagnosis, the patient is prescribed:
- a general blood test;
- urine analysis is general, according to Nechiporenko and on nutrient medium;
- trial of Zimnitsky;
- snapshot of the urinary system;
- excretory urography;
- CT or MRI.
After the examination, treatment is prescribed, which is affected by the diagnosis and severity of the disease.
Therapy for kidney disease
Kidney treatment is performed in a conservative and operative manner. In the first case, the disease is combated through the use of medicines and diet. In the second, surgery is performed. Indications for it are injuries of the kidney and severe diseases, such as a tumor, cyst, urolithiasis. If the operative treatment does not work, then they resort to kidney transplantation of the organ.
What medications are used for kidney pain?
In case of pain in the kidneys, a complex treatment is prescribed, which includes:
- preparations on plant basis;
In case of pain, first of all, painkillers are used. They are divided into three groups. The first includes antipyretics. They relieve pain and lower body temperature. The second group includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They not only anesthetize, but also relieve fever, have an anti-inflammatory effect. If pain is strong prescribe narcotic pain medication.
What kind of pain medication for kidney pain should I take? The answer to this question can be given only by the doctor, relying on the severity of the disease and the diagnosis.
Herbs for kidney aches
Sometimes medicinal plants are used to relieve unpleasant sensations. What herbs with kidney pain are most effective? Vegetable uroseptic set. Among them:
- Dandelion. Has diuretic properties. Improves blood circulation.
- Seeds of celery. Purify the kidneys. Have antifungal properties.
- Corn stigmas. Reduce pain when urinating and remove inflammation.
- Parsley. Diuretic. Relieves pain and inflammation.
- Plantain. It is characterized by antibacterial action. Is a diuretic.
- Cabbage. Displays slag. Removes the inflammatory process.
- Ivan the Tea. Antiseptic. Removes spasm, inflammation, pain.
- Nettles. Has diuretic and anti-inflammatory qualities.
Herbal remedies should be used only in combination with basic treatment and can not replace the medication prescribed by the doctor.