Corn is what? Description and types
Corn is a protective function of the skin that occurs with intense and prolonged friction. Very often they appear when wearing poor-quality and uncomfortable shoes.
To prevent the occurrence of this problem, it is necessary to choose for themselves quality shoes in size.
What is corn
Constant friction or pressure on a specific area of the skin provokes rapid necrosis of the upper layers of the skin. Corn - a cell that does not have time to exfoliate and self-eliminated from the surface of the skin. Gradually they are layered on each other and thickened. If this process is additionally associated with increased sweating, it can provoke softening of the skin and callus becomes soft.
If liquid accumulates under the layers of dead skin, it becomes watery.
Corn is a local thickening of the skin, accompanied by a cornification of their upper layers. In some places it can be:
The reason why corns are formed is simple enough. Its occurren
- wearing uncomfortable shoes;
- presence of rough seams inside shoes;
- use of socks for size larger;
- excess weight;
- need to constantly carry a large load;
- excessive skin sensitivity.
Corns on the feet are very common in people suffering from diabetes mellitus, platypodia and psoriasis. In addition, the predisposing factors include a lack of vitamins.
The main types of
Corn is a kind of protective reaction of the body, as they prevent the occurrence of more serious problems. They can be dry and wet. A wet type is a vial that is formed from wearing uncomfortable shoes or when working with tools. They can occur on almost any part of the body, regardless of age. Inside is the lymph. They can also testify about the violation of the blood glucose norm. Many doctors recommend that they pierce, since the fluid that is inside, can lead to the development of infection.
Dry appearance of callus occurs after prolonged pressure on the foot area. Often, a similar problem occurs with flat feet. In this case, the corn is located under the toes.
The wet corn type, whose photo will help to determine exactly how it looks, arises as a result of mechanical action on the skin, followed by their damage and the formation of a fluid-filled bladder that rises above the surface of the skin. They do not represent human dangers, but they provoke the appearance of a certain discomfort and painful sensations.
If timely treatment is not carried out and treatment, infection of the body can occur, especially if corn is filled with blood. It can be formed as a result of damage to the capillary. It is worth noting that a permanent traumatic effect on the wet callus can lead to the fact that it will go into a dry appearance, which will become a seal consisting of the stratified layers of the skin.
Constant friction of the skin can lead to a shift in the upper layer of the skin, which often goes unnoticed. If the mechanical effect on the skin continues, it leads to the formation of a cavity, which is then filled with liquid. Having studied the description of corn, it is important to know for what reasons it is formed.
The formation of this defect in the skin is greatly facilitated by the wearing of too tight shoes, which have a certain friction on the skin. Excessive sweating of the feet further increases the likelihood of its occurrence. A wet callus can also form on the body. It is possible her education on the hands and hands, especially if you often have to work with special tools, to clean the vegetables. There may be a wet callus between the legs of people with excess weight, especially in the summer.
People with delicate and sensitive skin integuments are especially prone to the formation of such a skin defect. In this case, redness, pain, slight puffiness is noted, a cavity filled with liquid is formed. If the bubble ruptures and the fluid flows out, a red, wet wound is formed. Corn rupture is very dangerous for the probability of infection. The presence of pus, the turbidity of the contents, the heat, and the formation of dense yellow crusts near the wound can speak of joining the infection.
Dry corn type, the photo of which clearly demonstrates its peculiarity, refers to one of the stages of dropsy, although it may pass this stage. Abrupt transition can be with minor, but constant friction, on the same area of the skin, at which it gradually becomes coarser.
It has a yellowish or grayish hue and rises above the rest of the skin. Such a callus can arise during sports, heavy physical work, wearing unsuitable shoes, flat feet, incorrect load distribution on the foot. In addition, to provoke a similar skin defect can:
- lack of vitamins;
- calcaneal spur;
Basically, a corn is formed between the toes on the foot and is not characterized by pain. Pain is observed only in the most neglected cases in the presence of cracks. It is worth remembering that before you move on to their removal, you need to make sure there are no contraindications and chronic diseases. One of the varieties are the burrs.
The core corns are among the most unpleasant and dangerous. It is not only the presence of many keratinized layers of skin, but the growth of the cores of the calluses into the soft tissues, which is accompanied by very severe pain. Initially, a person experiences minor discomfort, slight tingling, and also a slight itch.
Often located corn on the finger or under it, basically this formation is observed near the little finger or between the thumb and forefinger. Over time, the symptomatology grows even more, it is very painful to step on the foot, and the person even changes his gait.
On the hands and palms of this type is very rare. Among the main reasons for the emergence can be identified wearing new shoes, resulting in a redistribution of weight on the front of the foot, as well as:
- fouling of the foreign body with skin tissues;
- presence of viruses and fungi;
- the transition of corn from a soft form to a dry one.
If you remove it in the usual way, it can lead to a rod that looks like a yellowish spot in the center of the affected area.
Honey combs are a callus between the fingers, on the feet or palms, which is a dry type. Its difference is only in the area of the defeat, as well as the location. In general, they pass independently, after eliminating the main cause of education.
The corns do not affect the deep layers of the skin and remain only on their surface, forming coarse areas with a fuzzy contour. Basically they are completely painless. They are formed mainly during friction or squeezing while wearing too tight and uncomfortable shoes.
Many of them are confused with fungal diseases. If there are visible changes in the skin, it is advisable to seek qualified help from a dermatologist. Doctors do not recommend sticking them plaster, as this can cause serious complications. The composition of the plaster includes antiseptic agents that cause a significant drying of the skin, which leads to even more coarsening of the skin. To conduct treatment is best from a qualified specialist.
Chicken quiver - callus between toes or on the heel, provoked by human papilloma virus. She is very painful while walking. This is a kind of a tattered, blurry outgrowth with black dots. Chicken wolf can be in men and women of absolutely any age.
The virus can be in the human body for a long time, and it manifests itself only in the presence of provoking factors, which leads to the formation of calluses. These factors include poor immunity, excessive sweating, incorrectly selected shoes. From a small nodule it can grow into a large and dense formation.
How to distinguish corn from melanoma
If corn appears on the finger, then it is safe to say that this is definitely not melanoma. Its formation is possible only if a birthmark was previously a birthmark on the site of the formation of the nail. Then gradually the person starts to get corn, if the cause of melanoma was just a mole.
If there is a birthmark on the foot, then you need to contact the doctor and remove it, as when you injure it, there is a risk of switching to a malignant tumor. Bespepment melanoma can not be determined without special adaptations. That is why, if there is a spot of light pink shade or the density of skin changes, then you should immediately contact a doctor.
Treatment of callus at home can be done only if there is complete certainty about its origin, since seals can be confused with warts, removal of which is undesirable. Carrying out of therapy of formations of watery type is spent in some stages, namely:
- elimination of the reasons of its occurrence;
- disinfection of the lesion;
- insulating by patching.
If you get rid of the liquid by piercing the callus with a sharp object, the healing will be much faster, but in that case there is a risk of infection, so it is desirable that the procedure is conducted by a dermatologist.
To safely puncture the corn, you must follow certain rules, namely:
- wash the hands and the place where the corn is located before the procedure;
- disinfect the needle;
- is best used with a needle from a syringe;
- only need to pierce the exfoliated tissue;
- after the puncture, treat the wound with antiseptic and glue the adhesive.
Dry corn at home is difficult to remove, especially if they have a rod. To completely get rid of a solid build-up, you need to remove all the cornified layers and remove the rod, which is difficult, especially if it is deep. If it is extracted only partially, it will lead to the repeated formation of callus. Treatment can be carried out by therapeutic and medication. Among the methods of therapy can be identified such:
- drill apparatus;
- laser removal;
- radio wave method;
Drilling by a drill means by itself that the build-up is removed by a special apparatus together with the core. This procedure is carried out without anesthesia, which causes a slight tingling. After that, the area is treated with an antiseptic and ointments with an antibiotic are used.
The method of cryodestruction implies that the corn is affected by the anomalous area by too low temperatures, as a result of which the build-up is frozen and completely destroyed. Mainly liquid nitrogen is used. Literally in a few minutes you can achieve complete destruction of the build-up and the core.
A blister forms on the treated area of the skin, which after a while passes by itself. Treatment passes without anesthesia, but if the lesion is deep enough, local anesthesia can be used.
Laser removal refers to the most optimal methods, as this will completely eliminate it. Often used carbon dioxide laser, which penetrates deep enough into deep layers of skin, burning the rod layer by layer with local anesthesia. After removing build-up, antibacterial ointments are used.
The corn can be removed by applying a radio wave electrode that does not come into contact with the skin. Under the energy of radio waves, "evaporation" of the affected cells occurs, as a result of which they are destroyed. The electrode itself does not heat up, so it does not burn the surrounding tissue, but it creates a very precise cut.
The electrocoagulation method is based on cauterization of the build-up by alternating current, which heats the formation. High temperature leads to the destruction of cells, and in place of corn, a protective crust is formed, which itself disappears in a few days.
Therapy is performed with the help of medications. This process is quite long, as long-term destruction of the seal, ingrown into the tissue, is required. To remove the core requires ointments and patches, which have a keratolytic effect. Surgical treatment is carried out in the most difficult cases, when other methods do not yield absolutely no result.
Widely conducted treatment of corns at home folk remedies. In particular, a very good result is provided by:
- dandelion juice;
- bread compresses;
- ointment based on celandine.
To eliminate the callus, you need to fix a lemon slice on it with a patch and leave it for the whole night. In the morning she must fall away. For the treatment of dry outgrowths, it is necessary to moisten the crumb of bread in the vinegar and attach it to the site of the lesion. Such compresses need to be done for a week.
Well aloe leaf helps to apply at night to the place of defeat with a soft side. The next day you just need to remove the build-up with a pumice stone.
If the core corn is not completely cured, it grows deep into the tissues and is capable of provoking the occurrence of complications, among which one can distinguish such as:
- significant painful sensations;
- formation of deep cracks;
- decrease or total loss of ability to work.
In addition, a similar build-up can provoke a violation of the redistribution of weight on joints, nerve endings, and also muscles, which occurs as a result of severe pain during movement. In the subsequent it leads to occurrence of inflammatory process and deformation of muscular tissue.
Infection of corns can lead to decay of tissues, followed by the development of osteomyelitis, phlegmon, erysipelas.
To prevent the occurrence of calluses, dermatologists recommend that such preventive measures be taken:
- correctly choose shoes;
- socks should be in size and made of natural fabric;
- the places of rubbing should be greased with Vaseline or sprinkled with talc.
Following all these simple rules, it is possible to prevent the formation of calluses as much as possible. If you find a lesion that causes discomfort and pain, you should contact a specialist.