Thrush in the adult language: causes, symptoms and treatment
There is a misconception that thrush is extremely unhealthy female genital organs. However, it is not. Thrush is a fungal disease that can affect any mucous membranes, both in women and men. Even children are not immune from this disease. One of the most common forms of it is thrush( candidiasis) of the tongue.
Plaque on the tongue of adults and children occurs quite often, but with thrush affects not only its surface, but also other mucous membranes of the mouth. If the disease is started, even internal organs can be affected.
disease The fungus that causes thrush( candida) is present in the body of every person, and in about a quarter of people this fungus "lives" directly in the mouth.
Under certain conditions, it can begin to multiply actively. The most common cause is a decrease in immunity, but other variants are also possible:
- hormonal disorders;
- language damage:
- abuse of certain medicines;
- problems of dental nature and others.
People with some serious illnesses, such as tuberculosis or AIDS, are also at risk.
Sometimes thrush in the adult's tongue arises from insufficient oral hygiene. For young children, the disease is often transmitted during childbirth from the mother.
From person to person, candidiasis is most often transmitted by airborne droplets and by direct contact.
Types of Candidiasis
Symptoms and treatment of thrush in the adult language vary depending on the type of disease. The most common are its two varieties:
- Hyperplastic candidiasis. A particularly common form of the disease, which is chronic. Deterioration in the state of health of the patient is usually not observed, only in the language there are red and white spots. When you try to remove the plaque, ulceration occurs.
- Atrophic. The tongue becomes abnormally smooth with this form, then the plaque and swelling develop.
Two more forms of a candidiasis of a mouth - granulomatous and rhomboid are much less often.
Symptoms of the disease
In adults, thrush in the tongue often passes without any visible symptoms - approximately 50% of patients do not notice the course of the disease.
Explicit signs are manifested, mainly, in acute forms of the disease or with recurrences of chronic forms. The main symptom in both children and adults is plaque in a white tongue. Other manifestations of oral candidiasis in adults are as follows:
- development of a tumor of the tongue and inner surface of the cheeks;
- pain during eating;
- increased sensitivity of the tongue;
- bleeding may occur if plaque is removed.
With the children the picture is somewhat different. In children, as a rule, not only the tongue, but also other mucous membranes of the oral cavity suffers.
Redness of the throat occurs, the child can often be capricious and crying, loss of appetite is possible. Also, children with thrush often have cracks in the tongue. In adults, this is possible only if the degree of the disease is neglected or severely weakened immunity.
Complications of the throat of the mouth
In the absence of proper treatment, especially if the disease passes asymptomatically, the fungus can spread to other mucous membranes of the body and internal organs. In this case, the treatment becomes much more complicated. Common complications in adults are glossitis and gingivitis. In children, the most common are galling and cheilitis.
Glossitis can be candidal or atrophic. The first type is nothing more than a more severe form of the usual thrush. Symptoms are the same, but more pronounced. For example, swelling of the tongue until the appearance of problems with speech. Also, a bad smell from the mouth and a change in taste.
Symptoms of atrophic glossitis: the
- tongue becomes smooth, the taste buds disappear;
- appear red spots and ulceration;The
- tongue becomes thinner due to the death of muscle fibers.
This type of complication can be caused not only by candida fungi, but also by herpes, oral injuries, and streptococcus.
With gingivitis, the fungus spreads from the tongue to the gums, causing their inflammation and bleeding. This complication is dangerous because it can lead to the development of infections in the gums and dental diseases.
Most often this disease affects children aged 5 to 7 years, especially when there are problems with the teeth. It appears, as a rule, immediately after the development of thrush of the tongue. At the corners of the lips formed bleeding cracks, covered with white coating. The movements of the lips and the opening of the mouth hurt the child.
With this complication, dry lips and a feeling of tightness appear. Red lip rim is swollen and wrinkled. Halit can lead to violations in the work of internal organs, if not paid attention to it in a timely manner.
Diagnosis of Candidiasis
In the presence of severe symptoms, thrush is easily diagnosed by external examination( except for the initial stage in children).
In some cases, a smear is taken from the surface of the tongue, and in case of complications, a blood test is performed for the presence of the disease and antibodies to it. One of the true signs of the presence of thrush recently considered to be an elevated glucose level in the patient's blood. In some cases, it is sent for examination to a specialist - an endocrinologist or dermatologist - to establish the cause that led to the development of the disease.
Therapy of the disease by traditional means
Than to treat thrush in the tongue, the doctor determines based on the results of the examination. With a mild disease,
- rinses( with a solution of boric acid or soda) is enough;
- medicinal lozenges for absorption( "Decamine" - antibacterial and antifungal drug);
- ointments or oils( "Kanesten", "Lugol", "Iodinol", sea buckthorn or dog rose).
In more serious cases, especially in adults, thrush in the tongue is treated with antimycotic drugs, the best of which are Nystatin, Levorin and Amphotericin B( the latter is prescribed for especially severe forms of the disease).Another good tool is "Diflucan", a powerful antifungal drug based on the active substance fluconazole. The intake of these drugs lasts for about two to three weeks, after which the main symptoms of thrush, as a rule, disappear. However, the treatment is recommended to continue for about a week to prevent a possible relapse.
A good addition to medical treatment will be some physiotherapy procedures, for example, electrophoresis.
With a strong neglect of the disease, immunostimulatory therapy is prescribed, and vitamins can be taken, since weak immunity always leaves a chance for a re-occurrence of the disease.
In case of concomitant diseases( dysbacteriosis, colitis, diabetes), the treatment of candidiasis should proceed in parallel with their treatment.
Folk remedies against thrush
There is a certain spectrum of folk methods of treatment of thrush in the language both in adults and in children who deserve positive reviews of patients. These are various rinses: tinctures of calendula and a tea mushroom, carrot juice, guelderies and cranberry juice. It is also recommended to lubricate the mouth with a juniper tincture and remove the white coating with a cotton swab smeared with sea buckthorn oil.
Of course, you should not rely entirely on folk remedies - it is best to apply them in parallel with the methods of official medicine and only after agreement with the attending physician.
Nutrition during the treatment period
During the treatment of the disease it is important to follow a proper diet that will help to strengthen the therapeutic effect. It is necessary to abandon the sweet and savory products, limit the consumption of pickles, smoking and fatty foods. It is recommended to use more fermented milk products, however milk itself is contraindicated. You should eat as much fruit and vegetables as possible, especially fresh garlic, which has a strong disinfecting effect.Of course, it is highly recommended to stop smoking and drinking alcohol both during treatment and in normal life, which is a good preventive measure against both thrush and many other diseases.
Prevention of candidiasis of the mouth
The most important measure to prevent the disease with thrush will be careful care of the oral cavity.
You should visit the dentist at least twice a year and do not start a disease that can trigger the appearance of thrush. In the presence of removable dentures, they should be carefully monitored to prevent the development of the fungus at the site of their connection with the gums.