Tahilalia is a form of violation of oral speech. Causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
Tachilalia is a violation of oral speech, expressed in its pathologically accelerated pace. Usually a child can pronounce for about a second about 10-12 sounds. This is considered the norm. With tahilalii, the tempo of speech increases to 30 sounds per second. At the same time, phonetics is not distorted, children correctly build sentences and correctly use vocabulary. However, their speech becomes poorly legible and incomprehensible. Such a violation is subject to mandatory correction. Tahilalia does not go away by itself and without speech therapy is preserved in adulthood. The older the person, the more difficult it is for him to correct such a speech defect.
Reasons for violation of
Speech therapists put forward different versions of the causes of tachyalia. Some experts believe that violations of the tempo can be genetic and transmitted by inheritance. However, more often it happens that the child, hearing the fast speech of adults, begins to copy it. Tahilalia is often observed in children wit
It is possible to distinguish and neurological reasons tahilalii. These are pathologies, infections and traumas of the brain, chorea, epilepsy, pseudobulbar paralysis. With such diseases, this form of violation of oral speech is often encountered.
Sometimes the cause of this speech defect are mental disorders: schizophrenia, oligophrenia, bipolar disorder, psychotic disorders of organic origin. In this case, speech disturbance is only one of the symptoms of a serious illness.
Species There are several forms of this disorder in speech therapy:
- Usual. The child has only accelerated speech.
- Battarianism. Such a violation is also called paraphrase. The child not only has an excessively fast speech, but also swallows syllables, indistinct pronunciation of words, because of this the phrase is constructed incorrectly. Children talk choking because of breathing problems during speech.
- Poltern( stumbling).With this form of tachilaria, sudden hiccups and pauses are observed during speech. It is difficult for a child to formulate his thoughts, pick up words and perceive the speech of others.
Paraphrase and stumbling are more severe speech disorders than the usual form of tachyalia. Battarianism occurs in children with an overly excitable nervous system. Causes are often associated with neurological and psychiatric diseases. It is important to distinguish between stumbling and paraphrasing from stuttering( logoneurosis).When polterne and battarianism, people usually speak better in society than at home. He has no speech cramps. In patients with stuttering, speech becomes more correct in the usual relaxed atmosphere, disturbances increase with excitement, for example, during public speeches.
Patients with logoneurosis realize that their speech is broken and suffer because of this. In the case of Battarianism and the half-man, a person does not notice that he is talking incorrectly, and often sees no reason to approach a speech therapist. But because of the illegibility of speech, it becomes difficult to communicate with others.
With all forms of tachalalia, not only pathologically accelerated speech can be observed, but also disturbances in the emotional-volitional sphere, vegetovascular manifestations, motor anxiety.
Speech disorders are the main sign of tachyalia. This is the pronunciation of a large number of sounds per second( from 20 to 30), swallowing syllables and words, unexpected hitching during a conversation. A man utters a long phrase in one breath. Repeats and permutations of syllables and words are observed. The speech of the patient is overly expressive, but at the same time the intonation is broken, the movements of the organs of the speech apparatus are not coordinated. A person talks short sentences that are loosely connected logically.
Tahilalya suffers from internal and written language. A series of words swiftly sweep through the patient's mind. They succeed each other before a person manages to say them. Because of this, individual words are swallowed. During the writing and reading the patient can rearrange and pass syllables, letters and sounds or replace them with similar ones.
It is expressed in the fact that all the patient's movements become as fast and chaotic as the pronunciation of sounds. Motor anxiety is observed even during sleep. Talking, a man gesticulates a lot, makes head and body movements in time with speech. In childhood, there is hyperactivity, such a child runs a lot, it is difficult to sit still. All motor skills become sharp and scattered. It is hard for such children to repeat the movements of the teacher during the physical education lessons, they often touch and drop objects.
There are also cognitive impairments. Patients can not hold and concentrate attention for a long time, they usually listen poorly to the interlocutor. There are problems with visual and auditory memory. Thinking becomes confused and illogical.
In emotional conversation or agitation, reactions from the autonomic nervous system may occur: excessive sweating, redness of the face, rapid heartbeat.
Tahilalia requires consultation of a neurologist and a psychiatrist. To identify the cause of speech disorder, a comprehensive diagnostic examination is necessary. It is necessary to exclude or confirm possible neurological disorders. The patient should undergo an electroencephalogram, an echogram and an MRI of the brain. Also in a conversation with a doctor, mental disorders are identified.
Then the patient undergoes examination at the speech therapist. The specialist pays attention to the features of oral, written speech, and also reading. It is necessary to separate the tachilaria from the logoneurosis and dysarthria. The patient should visit a psychologist to assess the cognitive and emotional-volitional spheres.
Tachytalia correction is performed by medicamentous, physiotherapeutic and speech therapy methods. Psychotherapy sessions as well as autogenous training are also useful.
Assign sedatives that calm the nervous system and eliminate motor anxiety. If the cause of tachilaria are neurological and psychiatric pathologies, then treatment of the underlying disease is necessary.
Patients are shown physiotherapy. It is aimed at reducing excessive nervous excitability. Such kinds of procedures are applied, such as baths with mineral waters, relaxing massage, exercise therapy for improving motility. A leisurely, measured gymnastics is useful for quiet music. The motor exercises performed under the account will help to organize the motor function.
The most important part of tachalalia therapy is the correction of speech defects. Usually, collective and individual logopedic exercises are conducted. Group exercises help patients to communicate with others and learn to listen carefully to their interlocutor.
Classes for correcting speech are carried out in several stages:
- At the first time, the patient is recommended to remain silent as long as possible and dispense with only the most necessary phrases.
- Then, a slower speech is taught during loud reading. The patient is offered to retell the read passage, while correctly and accurately express their thoughts. To observe a measured rhythm, it is recommended to beat the beat with a foot or a hand. Little children who do not know how to read speak short phrases that they should repeat. Thus the speech therapist achieves an exact and measured pronunciation. Patients are advised to listen to examples of correct speech.
- Next are classes to develop the skills of attention and ability to listen to others. Collective stories are conducted. In this case, each patient can enter into a conversation only at the signal of a speech therapist.
- At the last stage there is training for public performances, which are then analyzed in group sessions.
Consultations with the speech therapist are supplemented with homework. It is necessary to give half an hour 2 times a day exercises to form a smooth and measured speech.
In adults, the process of correcting speech defects takes 3-4 months, and in children - from 6 months to 1 year. However, the younger the person, the easier it is for him to learn the correct speech. After the termination of employment with the logopedist, it is necessary to repeat within one year home exercises for fastening of result. Tahilalia is a speech disorder that can recur. In this case, you need to repeat the course of therapy with a speech therapist. The usual form of tachilaria has a favorable prognosis if it is not associated with neurological and mental illnesses.
As far as battarianism is concerned, it is more difficult to correct such violations. It requires not only a long and long work with a speech therapist, but also the treatment of the underlying ailment.
To prevent the child from developing accelerated speech, one must carefully monitor his neurological and mental health. It is necessary to treat in time the head trauma, infection and pathology of the central nervous system. If parents notice that the child is talking too fast, swallowing words, one should immediately contact a speech therapist. Adult people should pay attention to the pace of their own speech in the presence of the baby, because children tend to imitate the conversation of others.