Types of dressings and their use in various injuries
In case of trauma, fracture, open wound, the correct application of the dressing is very important and is no less significant than a well-conducted operation. It is no accident that in medicine there is a whole science about the correct application of bandages, which is called "desmurgy". Bandages are classified according to their purpose, type of material used for dressing, and methods of fixation. Depending on the types of injuries when applying bandages, various materials are used: gauze, cotton wool, rubberized cloth, stern cotton cloth, gypsum and special tires.
To fix the bandaging material on the wound, a strengthening bandage of gauze, tubular, elastic, rubberized, mesh bandage or plaster is applied. The gauze dressing can also be oppressive when it is necessary to create a definite and constant pressure on a part of the body for bleeding and hemorrhages.
There are compress gauze bandages that are used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases. They warm and delay the evaporation of the medicine, passing the term of its therapeutic effect.
For immobilization of the affected part of the body in a fixed preset position, immobilizing dressings using tires and gypsum are used. Such kinds of dressings are necessary at fractures, dislocations, at transportation of the patient.
Different types of dressings have special overlapping algorithms. However, there are general requirements that must be observed when providing assistance to the victim. The dressing should not cause excessive pain, it should not be too tight to not disturb the blood circulation( except for special tugging), and should not be too weak to not slide off the wound. Bandage of the wound begins from the narrowest point and ends where it started. Bint should be held in the right hand, and left to hold and smooth it. Each new turn of the material overlaps the previous, approximately, to its half. The ends of the bandage are not tied, but are twisted. After the dressing, the affected limb is fixed in a raised position.
In cases of injuries and fractures during hiking and traveling, as well as at home, dressing garters are often used to fix or bandage the wound. These types of dressings are made from a piece of cotton cloth, which is folded with a scarf or a narrow strip. They are convenient for damage or fracture of the shoulder, collarbone, elbow joint for their immobilization.
Gypsum dressings are very widely used for fractures of bones, as well as for fixed fixation of parts of the body for diseases of the musculoskeletal system, after operations. Do them with plaster bandages, which are pre-soaked in warm water. When applying this dressing, you should ensure that it is not tight, does not cause pain, does not cause a sensation of numbness or tingling. To control the limb fingers are left open, if they become numb, change color, swell - this is a signal to the bandage to be removed and bandaged again.
There are more types of dressings, such as fixing. These are tight, tight-fitting materials that allow you to correctly distribute the load, maintain, relieve tension, and relieve pain. Modern medical industry produces ready-made fixatives made with the use of nanotechnology, on various joints: wrists, knees, elbows, shin, lumbar region, which are indispensable for minor injuries, sprains, chronic diseases of the musculoskeletal system, during heavy physical labor. For example, an ankle bandage is one of the most mobile joints, helps to avoid injuries and strains with active pastime and heavy physical exertion.