Increased lower pressure.
Arterial pressure as a diagnostic criterion is a very significant indicator. Often, only at high or low blood pressure we can assume the presence of the disease. The most common disease caused by a violation of pressure regulation is arterial hypertension. Where forms of isolated pressure increase are more rare.
What does isolated high blood pressure mean? This is an increased lower pressure. The high values of the lower pressure do not correspond to the values of the upper pressure. That is, the upper pressure may not rise or rise slightly.
What does lower pressure mean?
The second number in the pressure measurement indicates the minimum level of pressure in the bloodstream. This level corresponds to the relaxation of the ventricles and the systole of the atria. This pressure ensures the constant movement of blood along the channel of blood vessels even at high resistance( with blood flow through small vessels - capillaries and venules, as well as with blood flow against own gravity).
How dangerous is the increased lower pressure?
The danger of high low pressure lies in the fact that most often it does not manifest itself at all, that is, the patient does not make any complaints. This aspect determines later detection of this pathology. The normal level of diastolic blood pressure should be within seventy to eighty mm.gt;Art. Because of the absence of any complaints, the disease has time to develop to a serious degree and get a lot of complications before the appropriate diagnosis is made.
What is the increased bottom pressure?
The lower pressure is considered to be increased if its level exceeds 80 mm.gt;Art. Such an increase can be either acute( short-term) or chronic( caused by organic pathology).A short-term increase is observed with physical activity, emotional stress, stress and stress. A fairly large number of diseases can lead to an increase in diastolic pressure. The most significant and widespread group is renal pathology. Virtually all kidney diseases lead to pressure loss. This is due to the fact that the kidneys are one of the links in the regulation of blood pressure, in particular - the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. For the pathology of the thyroid gland is also characteristic manifestations as a change in blood pressure.
Fat tissue plays a role in regulating pressure. Its action is based on the storage in the adipose tissue of hormones. In this regard, there are cases when increased lower pressure is caused by the development of obesity. In addition, increased pressure may be caused by the pathology of the spinal column - hernia and other.
How to lower the lower blood pressure?
First, it is necessary to undergo a complete course of examination in order to establish the cause, which led to the development of elevated blood pressure. When establishing etiology, the first priority is to cure the underlying disease. Most often( in seventy percent of cases) when the etiologic factor is eliminated, the pressure normalizes itself. However, if the pressure does not return to normal, complex therapy is carried out, including a diet, a healthy lifestyle and medical therapy.
The main principle of an antihypertensive diet is the reduction of salt load( this is necessary in order to relieve the load from the kidneys and reduce the water retention in the body).
Refusal of bad habits, such as alcohol and smoking, also have a beneficial effect on the correction of blood pressure. Thus, therapy of this type of arterial hypertension does not differ from the standard one.