Increased protein in the blood: causes. Blood chemistry. Total protein
If the protein in the blood is increased - what does it mean? Many people are interested in this issue. And it is right. In general, it is extremely necessary to know what is happening in our body. That is why it is worth to tell about what functions the protein does and what to do if its balance is violated.
It is important to know
The protein content of the blood should be normal, and it is desirable that no abnormalities occur. This substance is very important for us. After all, it is thanks to the protein that the blood is able to coagulate and move along the vessels. In addition, this substance is responsible for the transfer of nutrients. They are fats, hormones, and also other compounds moving along blood vessels.
And yet this substance provides protective functions of the body. Still - maintains the stability of the hydrogen index. And plus to all it is the protein that determines the volume of blood in the vessels. So, as you can see, this is the most important element, without which our body would not exist. Well, now we need to expand this topic in more detail.
An alarm "call"
It is absolutely necessary to carry out an analysis of the total protein in the blood if a person has suspicions of certain diseases. In particular, for various kinds of disorders that may be associated with reduced immunity. Most often, these are infectious-type diseases or some systemic disorders. Still it is necessary to make analyzes if there is a suspicion on a collagenosis, malignant neoplasms, an anorexia or bulimia. Also, the balance of the protein is often disturbed if a person's liver or kidney function is impaired. Thermal burns, by the way, can often become a cause.
Balance and norm
So, in order to find out if the protein is raised in the blood or not, it is necessary to carry out the analysis. If the results are rejected, then yes, there is a violation. The so-called "total protein in the blood" consists of globulins and albumins. The last of these is produced in the liver. Globulins are produced by lymphocytes.
Analysis is done in the morning and only on an empty stomach. A generally accepted rate is about 66-68 g / l for adults and for adolescents over 14 years of age. For young children who do not have a year, there is another norm, and it is equal to 44-73 g / l. In older children( from one year to two years), the balance should vary from 56 to 75 k / l. And in children from 2 to 14, the indicator ranges from 60 to 80 g / l. Strictly speaking, this is general information, and knowing it will be superfluous. Everything else is said by the doctor after the analysis.
Lack of protein
So, before you tell what it means, if you raise the protein in your blood, it's worth telling briefly about the lack of this substance in the body. Usually this is observed during the physiological changes that a person undergoes. This includes long-term immobilization, for example. Hypoproteinemia - that's the name of the condition in which the level of this substance is lowered.
Often this appears with a stiff diet or fasting, also often occurs in vegetarians and( even more often) in vegan. Prolonged inflammatory processes of the intestine can also cause. Because of all this, the digestibility of proteins is simply minimized. If the liver of a person is not in order, then this problem may also arise. Chronic kidney disorders, burns, cancer, heavy physical exertion, poisoning - this can also be the cause of the imbalance. And, unfortunately, rarity is not a low protein.
Elevated level: Thyroid pathology
What can I tell about this? Well, it rarely happens that the protein is raised in the blood. What does it mean? This kind of imbalance is evidence of certain diseases. And very serious. And in principle, this is an extremely critical situation when the protein in the blood is elevated. What this means is to be understood.
The first reason is autoimmune diseases. For example, it is an autoimmune thyroiditis. That is, the inflammation of the thyroid gland. Unfortunately, this disease usually occurs without symptoms. Only the thyroid gland is enlarged. And it is very important for us, as it produces iodine, which is extremely necessary for maintaining the metabolism in the norm. If the thyroid gland starts to work inadequately or if it is overcome by some diseases( due to which it is often necessary to carry out the operation), then the person then has to follow the strictest diet for the rest of his life. Nothing salty, fat, spicy, fried, stewed. The steamed products and necessarily that contains iodine( salmon, mackerel, flounder, cabbage, tomatoes, persimmon, legumes, rye, oats, etc.).In general, this is very serious, so it is advisable to consult a doctor if there are suspicions of diseases associated with the thyroid gland.
What else you need to know
If a person has increased protein in the blood, then it may not necessarily be the thyroid gland. Often the causes are acute or chronic infections. Even the banal lack of water in the body can provoke a situation where a person will have increased protein in the blood. But, of course, one of the most serious causes are malignant tumors, because of which harmful substances are produced in the body. Proteins, by the way, are also among them.
If the analysis shows that the balance is disturbed, it is very important to consider that some medications that may have taken a person for some time are the cause of hyperproteinemia. These include preparations containing estrogen and corticosteroids. And if the result is still deplorable, then it is necessary to make an appointment with the therapist. There will be clarified the final reason. The protein in the blood should be as much as the norm prescribes, and the disturbances must be treated.
Why can the protein in the blood be exceeded?
About the disease has already been said, but now I would like to talk about other reasons. So, in general, the increase is absolute and relative. In the first case, an increase in proteins in the plasma is observed, but the blood volume remains the same. In the second, its condensation can be traced. But in both cases the protein in the blood is violated.
Relative increase can occur as a result of frequent vomiting or regular diarrhea - because of this the body is dehydrated. Intestinal obstruction, cholera, acute bleeding - all this is also the cause. Absolute increase is what was listed earlier. All serious illnesses. And septicemia. Nothing was said about him, but this( blood poisoning) also takes place.
How to keep the balance in the norm? Unfortunately, in this case, one diet will not work. All in detail will tell the doctor, prescribe necessary preparations and that ration which it is required to observe without fail.