Colloid goiter of the thyroid gland - what is it? How to treat a colloid goiter of the thyroid gland
Colloid goiter of the thyroid gland - what is it, what are the symptoms and how to treat it? This is the growth of one or more areas of the thyroid gland due to increased work and the development of the necessary hormones for the normal functioning of the body. Colloid goiter of the thyroid gland is a benign growth, so most doctors do not consider it dangerous for life. The reason for this opinion was the content of goiter, it contains components of a healthy thyroid gland: blood, cells and colloidal mass.
The emerging goiter does not bring any discomfort to a person and it is absolutely asymptomatic. For the first time, there is a reason to call a doctor when the goiter grows and becomes larger than 10 cm. The enlarged thyroid gland begins to exert pressure on the esophagus and trachea, which causes rapid breathing and problems with swallowing.
Reasons for the formation of colloid goiter
The main reason for the formation of goiter is the iodine deficiency in the body. When the body does not get it, the thyroid gland starts to work harder, snatching the missing iodine from the blood, thereby provoking the production of the colloid. The process of secreting additional secretion of colloidal fluid is accompanied by excessive production of thyroid hormone. Also, one of the factors of an increase in thyroid gland may be age-related changes, smoking, stressful situations, poor ecological atmosphere and chronic inflammatory diseases. In this case, the appearance of colloid goiter does not pose a health hazard.
General classification of colloidal nodes
Each kind of sprouting differs from another in its size and structure.
Classify nodes into 4 types:
- Diffusive-node. With this type of disease, the thyroid structure completely changes, many small nodes are formed, and the thyroid gland increases in size several times.
- Cystic goiter. In the presence of cystic goiter, there is an independent release of hormones, which leads to the death of the thyroid gland tissues and reduce its efficiency.
- Malignant node. Education is rare and leads to cancer.
- Pseudo-nodes. Inflammation of the tissues of the thyroid gland.
In this case, the colloid nodular goiter of the thyroid gland is divided into the following types:
- Single. There is only one education.
- Multinodal colloid goiter of the thyroid gland. There is not just one enlarged node, but several.
- Diffusive-node. The formation of nodules occurs evenly.
- Conglomerate. There is a merge of several nodes into one.
- Cystic-nodular goiter. There is a congestion of the colloid, as a result of the thyroid gland increases.
- Non-toxic nodular goiter. The structure of the thyroid gland does not change, and its performance remains the same. Occurs during hormonal failure in adolescence.
- Toxic nodular goiter. Theroid hormones are produced more than normal, which leads to heart disease and the development of cancer.
Colloid goiter of the thyroid gland - what is it? This formation of nodules in the thyroid gland in the event of a failure in its work.
Symptomatic of enlargement of thyroid gland
The appearance of colloid goiter is associated with a violation of the hormonal background and a malfunction in the endocrine organ. The main symptoms of the disease:
- Fallen voice.
- Sensation of pressure on the larynx.
- Difficulty with swallowing.
- Frequent coughing.
- Sensations of a coma in the throat.
- Noise in the ears.
- Tenderness of the affected tissue.
A visit to the doctor is mandatory at the stage of symptoms. In addition, if lower symptoms are added to the main symptoms, a constant headache, an upset stomach and hair loss, then this indicates that the goiter has reached its maximum size. In women, increased colloid goiter leads to both malfunctions in the menstrual cycle and the inability to have children.
Necessary diagnostic tests for diagnosis of
Timely treatment will prevent possible complications, and early diagnosis will speed recovery. At the initial consultation the doctor examines, collects anamnesis palpates the thyroid gland and then directs to ultrasound. Based on the results of ultrasound examination, a biopsy is prescribed if the thyroid gland is enlarged by more than 1 cm. For the accuracy of the diagnosis and the appointment of an effective treatment, further x-rays and tomography are performed.
How to treat a colloid goiter of the thyroid gland
The main question for people who have encountered a similar problem is: colloid goiter of the thyroid gland - what is it and how to treat it? Treatment is carried out both medication and operative, depending on the degree of tissue growth. In the event that the presence of goiter does not affect the functioning of the thyroid gland, but is only a cosmetic defect, the doctor may not yet prescribe any treatment. To control the level of hormones it will be necessary to undergo preventive examinations and ultrasound examination every 4 months.
Need for surgical intervention
In the presence of a cosmetic defect, surgical intervention at the request of the patient is possible. If, according to the results of regular studies, the colloid goiter of the thyroid gland grows, the medication is prescribed already medicamentous. For treatment most often resort to therapy with radioactive iodine, and also use thyreotide hormones.
Hormonal treatment is performed if:
- Surgical intervention was performed.
- Colloid goiter has a size of more than 2 cm and continues to grow.
- Deficiency of a thyroid-stimulating hormone, which is produced by the pituitary gland and affects the functioning of the thyroid gland.
- The patient also suffers from hypothyroidism.
Hormonal treatment is aimed at reducing the activity of the enzyme responsible for the absorption of iodine peroxidase. In the case of iodine deficiency, drugs prescribed to normalize the amount of iodine in the body are prescribed.
Colloid goiter of the thyroid gland. Treatment with folk remedies
For the effectiveness of ongoing treatment with medications, treatment can be supplemented with folk remedies. To return the normal functioning of the thyroid gland, you can use the following folk medicine recipes:
- Five chopped garlic cloves mixed with the juice and pulp of 5 medium-sized lemons, add one tablespoon of honey. The resulting mixture is infused in the dark for a week. Take every day: a teaspoon of the mixture before eating.
- One tablespoon of powdered sea cabbage pour boiling water in a volume of 200ml, wait until the cabbage swells and drain the broth through gauze. In the bulging cabbage, add chopped clove of garlic, 8 chopped walnuts and a small amount of fresh cottage cheese. Eat every day with every meal, with the addition of olive oil.
- Immature yet green walnut nuts in the amount of 45 pieces are cleaned and thoroughly washed with water, dried and poured with honey. Within 45 days nuts are insisted in a well-checked, cool and dark place. Take a daily 3 times one teaspoon per day in combination with warm milk.
Take a decoction of cherry branches. Cherry branches with buds are ground and poured with boiling water, after which they are boiled over medium heat for 30 minutes. The broth should be taken before all meals.
Necessity of medical control
In case you have found a colloid goiter of the thyroid gland - what is it that you can find out for sure from a specialist doctor. Any treatment should be carried out only under the supervision of the doctor and after the exclusion of malignant formations in the thyroid gland. The use of folk remedies does not exclude the taking of prescribed medications, they are only a good addition.
If, when using folk remedies, no improvements were seen, and the goiter increases in size, then it is worth adjusting the treatment with the doctor or resorting to surgical intervention.