Therapeutic department of a hospital and polyclinic
The word "therapy" has a Greek origin and in translation means "healing" or "treatment".Also in the modern healthcare structure of many countries, this concept refers only to the adult population, that is, to adult citizens, and medical assistance itself consists in conservative management of patients until full recovery or before or after transfer to surgical methods. Therefore, the therapeutic department is available in any multidisciplinary medical and preventive institution, whether it is a hospital or a polyclinic. Now consider the concept in more detail.
What hospitals consist of
In general, any hospital has in its structure an administrative and economic building, an archive, a reception room, auxiliary diagnostic rooms( ultrasound, X-ray room, endoscopic methods) and, in fact, a specialized therapeutic wing( surgical and therapeuticdepartment).Maternity facilities( maternity homes, perinatal centers) are located separately. However, if it is a regional paramedic station or a small hospital, then there must necessarily be a surgical, therapeutic and pediatric unit. In other words, patients with a variety of nosological units are located and serviced together.
Structure of the therapeutic profile
If this is a multi-disciplinary medical institution with a large territory, the therapeutic department of the hospital is divided into components. For example, it can be rheumatological, endocrinological, gastroenterological, neurological, pulmonological, cardiological departments and many others. Thus, patients with diseases of different directions are located and serviced separately. This is convenient both for administration and staff, and for the patients themselves, since it is much easier to distribute auxiliary equipment, medicines, provide nutrition and care for patients. So, for example, in the therapeutic department of the hospital there is no need to supply tools for internal interventions and a range of disinfectants, as in surgical, where sterility is the main condition for conducting operations.
In the outpatient clinics of
As for outpatient clinics, there are many specialists working in city institutions in a wide range of disciplines, which also requires a proper division into departments and buildings, since patients with infectious diseases come here daily. Naturally, it is necessary to minimize their contact with children and pregnant women. That is why the therapeutic department of the polyclinic is also usually located in a separate wing according to the address sections. It should also be taken into account that patients with various pathologies, including infectious diseases, are turning to family doctors, and therefore in each department office there must necessarily be a quartz lamp for periodic treatment of the room.
therapy This field of medicine studies "internal diseases"( ie all nosological units affecting human organs): their etiology, pathogenetic variants, clinical options, diagnostics, treatment and prevention regimens. The therapeutic department always works in conjunction with the laboratories and research structures of the hospital( endoscopic, visual, radiation), since not only the correct outcome of the diagnosis is needed, but also the quality and effectiveness of treatment measures. The latter concept includes exclusively conservative schemes, that is, drugs, physical( UHF, electrophoresis, laser, magnetotherapy, etc.) and biological methods( immunotherapy).
Structure and meaning of
Each therapeutic department has a certain number of beds, united in personal, two-, three- and more rooms, contains room-rooms of resident physicians, nurses, separately - a sister-hostess with inventory, kitchen, dining room, sanitary units. Stay in the hospital, depending on the severity of the patient's condition, can be round-the-clock or day-time. In the latter case, this applies to discharged patients who apply before the end of treatment for certain medical procedures that can not be provided at outpatient clinics at their place of residence. Within the healthcare system, therapeutic patients sent from polyclinics through a specialized portal are entitled to free inpatient treatment with a full diagnostic examination. The exception is medicines and procedures that are not available in the hospital, or if patients wish to receive additional treatment, such as massage. At the end of the course for certain indications, it is possible to refer to preventive measures in sanatoriums and dispensaries.