Is the army taking tachycardia? Types and symptoms of the disease
In connection with the rejuvenation in recent years of heart diseases, the question is increasingly raised: do you take into the army with tachycardia? Will cardiac arrhythmia become an obstacle to fulfilling a duty to the motherland?
The concept and causes of the appearance of
Tachycardia is a violation of the heart rhythm, expressed in its frequency. With this disease, the heart rate( heart rate) exceeds 90 beats per minute, when the rhythm of the heart is considered to be the norm of 60-80 strokes for the same time. In some cases, with tachycardia attacks, the heart can contract up to 130 times per minute.
To determine the causes of tachycardia should be a comprehensive assessment of the lifestyle of the patient, to conduct a series of examinations and tests, because often tachycardia is the result of another disease.
Most often, such a violation of the heart rhythm becomes a consequence:
excess consumption of tonic beverages( coffee, energy drinks);
emotional experiences, unrest;
sharp changes in body position during physical exertion;
high temperature, lack of oxygen and stuffiness in the room;
taking medications that affect the work of the heart;
disorders in the functioning of the endocrine system;
of viral diseases associated with an increase in the body temperature of the patient;
lack of potassium and magnesium in the body, which can occur as a result of fluid loss;
large blood loss.
Is the army taking pathology?
To answer the question of whether an army is being taken with a sinusoidal tachycardia, the disease should be delineated into two groups:
- Physiological. Rarely becomes an obstacle to service. The only exceptions are situations in which serious complications that affect the functioning of the heart appear. It arises as a result of excessive emotional experiences, stresses. In the absence of other serious diseases of the cardiovascular system that provoke attacks of tachycardia, the draftee can expect only a postponement from the service. This time is given for the therapeutic treatment of tachycardia, usually by taking sedatives.
- Pathological. The answer to the question "Are the hearts of a pathological character taken into the army with a sinus tachycardia?"will depend on the causes of the disease. If patients are allowed into the army, then with the establishment of a special regime. This type of tachycardia develops against the background of already existing serious violations in the work of the cardiovascular apparatus.
Sinus tachycardia is more accurately considered not a disease, but a symptom of another disease, its consequence. In any case, the question: whether they are taking to the army with a sinus tachycardia, is decided solely on the results of the examination by the medical commission. In order for this disease to be evaluated and taken into account, a note on the medical record must be made about this. Doctors in the commission are not authorized to diagnose, in their functional duties to evaluate and give an opinion on the diagnosis already delivered. Therefore, it is important in the presence of chronic diseases and complaints to constantly and timely apply to the doctor in order to avoid the issue of the fictitiousness of the disease.
This form of tachycardia is observed much less often in young people than sinus. This is a pathology that does not have a permanent character, but is manifested by attacks. The patient feels heaviness in the chest, weakness in the whole body. At the same time, its manifestations are more dangerous due to the suddenness and need for emergency medical care.
Heart rate can reach 130-140 beats per minute. Recognize this kind of tachycardia is possible only by the result of an electrocardiogram of the heart. Therapy includes receiving the same drugs as patients with arrhythmia. With a paroxysmal form, the question "Do you join the army with tachycardia?"not worth it. Here, the answer of medicine is not unambiguous - the service is contraindicated in such a disease.
Symptoms of tachycardia
Patients with a heart rate increase may experience:
- pulsation of arteries on the neck;
- a state of panic anxiety, up to an unconscious state, loss of consciousness;
- externally, you can see the sweat on your forehead;
- weakness in the body;
- an unreasonable sense of fear;
- dizziness, tingling in the chest;
- shortness of breath, inability to take a full breath.
However, the appearance of some symptoms in a healthy person in response to a stressful situation or physical exertion is a normal reaction of the body. On the presence of pathology, one can speak only on the basis of the results of a qualified examination.
Diagnostics of conscripts
Service in the army is inextricably linked with constant physical activity, which directly affects the heart rhythm. Is it possible to identify the pathology during the examination and take into the army with tachycardia of the heart? Questions are frequent and urgent.
First of all, in the process of commission inspection for the suitability of the draftee for the service, it is problematic to identify tachycardia. The increase in the heart rate is noticeable only by the cardiogram of the heart. Therefore, in assessing the suitability of the draftee, a medical record with records of the presence of chronic diseases should be evaluated.
You have to request an additional survey for this commission inspection. It is also possible in a situation in which the initiative to undergo such an examination comes from the commission, if it is impossible to give an opinion within the framework of the usual.
Based on the results, a conclusion is made about the suitability or unfitness for service with the assignment of a certain category.
Due to the development of medicine and the improvement of treatment methods, lists of diseases that are exempt from military service are constantly subject to adjustment. Therefore, in order to understand for yourself whether you are taking into the army with tachycardia, you need to have up-to-date information. An important place in the answer to this question is given not so much to the diagnosis itself as to the reason why the pathology arose. And most often the cause of the unfitness of patients with tachycardia is the presence of concomitant, much more dangerous diseases of the cardiovascular system.