Purple is what? Value
Purpura is the process of dyeing a patient's skin or mucous surface due to the release of red blood cells from vessels or capillaries. This disease can be of several types. It arises as a result of different provoking factors, accompanied by a symptomatology that will depend on the type of pathology. It is diagnosed in both children and adults. After a thorough examination, treatment is prescribed, and folk remedies can be used.
Purpura occurs as a result of many provoking factors. To determine the cause of the disease, you need to undergo a thorough examination. The main provocators of cutaneous pathology include the following:
- Increased patient's tendency to bleeding, which is associated with a violation of blood coagulability.
- Infectious diseases, including HIV infection.
- Admission of some groups of medicines.
- Consequence of an allergic reaction of the body.
- Violation of the process of blood clotting, which was triggered by the action of any toxic substances.
- Diseases and pathologies of vessels that are inflammatory in nature. Stagnant processes in the blood.
- Overcooling or overheating.
- Operational intervention.
Purpura is a disease that can occur as a result of the appearance of blood clots in the veins, due to heavy lifting, severe coughing, during attempts at childbirth and for other reasons.
In modern medicine, several species of purpura are distinguished. This pathology is both an inherited hereditary nature, and acquired, that is, it occurs as a result of infection or a transferred disease. The most common types of purpura include thrombocytopenic, rheumatoid, toxic, hemorrhagic, immune and complex.
Disease is diagnosed for the first time in childhood. In the older age category purpura is observed in most cases in the female half of the population.
Thrombocytopenic purpura is a common pathology that occurs in several species depending on the course and duration. To it it is possible to carry an acute, chronic and relapsing form. According to clinical signs, this violation can be dry and wet. In this case, the patient will have severe symptoms. Also, thrombocytopenic type of disease include such subspecies as thrombotic, vascular and idiopathic purpura.
Thrombocytopenic purpura in a child
This type of pathology ranks first among hemorrhagic pathologies. Most often it is diagnosed in girls under the age of 13 years. If the purple of this species occurs in a child under two years of age, then it has a severe course, begins acutely and is not accompanied by an infectious disease. Provoke thrombocytopenic purpura in a child may be vaccinated, especially BCG.
Idiopathic type of purpura in children is accompanied by pronounced symptoms, hemorrhage and bleeding is observed, which is in the area of the mucous surface of the nose and gingival tissue. At girls during puberty the plentiful uterine spotting can arise.
Also an idiopathic subspecies of the disease in children and adolescents can provoke hemorrhagic syndrome, which is dangerous for frequent bleeding in the nasal mucosa, hemorrhages in the articular tissue and skin, and gastrointestinal bleeding.
Symptoms in the thrombocytopenic form of
Each type of disease is accompanied by certain signs that help with the diagnosis. This pathology in most cases affects the lower limbs, at first the color of purple is red, burgundy, then becomes more pronounced. After 7-10 days the affected areas acquire a bright color with a yellow tinge.
In patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic form, the patient initially develops thrombocyte microthrombi that spread throughout the body through small vessels. It can be observed the defeat of the brain, kidneys, liver, blood flow is disrupted, cells and tissues are affected. This form has an acute onset and rapidly progresses. Diagnosed in patients of young age.
Thrombocytopenic purpura is accompanied by symptoms such as:
- Low platelet count in the blood.
- Hemolytic anemia.
- Neurological changes.
- Kidney failure.
If the first signs of the disease occur, you should immediately seek qualified help.
Symptoms in other forms of the disease
Allergic purpura is a disease that affects the circulatory system in young patients. Specific symptomatology of this type of pathology by specialists is not revealed, but it should be noted that the child will have changes in the rates of ESR, which are slopes to vasculitis.
Pigmentary chronic purpura has such characteristic symptoms for it:
- Pigmentation of the body and hemorrhages of varying degrees, depending on the level of damage to the walls of blood vessels.
This form has a recurring character and each time takes up more and more space, and the rash becomes brighter.
Hemorrhagic purpura is characterized by a rash that can be confused with eruptions during diathesis, but differs in that the spots gradually merge into large formations. Dark purple can be noted on the lower limbs, sometimes on the body. With this type of disease, only a rash is considered the only sign.
If the patient does not have the main signs of the disease, such as bleeding and hemorrhage, the specialist is difficult to diagnose. In this situation, pathology can be confused with vascular anomalies of the skin.
The diagnosis of purpura is based on clinical and hematological data. First of all, the patient needs to be carefully examined, attention is also paid to the apparatus and laboratory examination.
It is recommended to pass such tests as:
- General clinical and biochemical blood test.
- Study of urea.
- General clinical analysis of urine.
To accurately diagnose, the specialist conducts and differential diagnostics. Compare patient's symptoms with signs of such pathologies as hemolytic-uremic syndrome, purulent hemolytic, microangiopathic and hepatorenal syndrome. Based on the obtained data, the patient is assigned treatment, which in most cases has a positive effect. To know exactly what purple looks like, the photo can be viewed on specialized medical sites and in our article.
Treatment is prescribed exclusively by a specialist after a thorough examination. Do not engage in self-therapy, as this can lead to negative consequences and worsening of the general condition. Therapy is medicated, if necessary, surgical intervention is carried out, as an auxiliary means can be used folk recipes.
Patient is assigned to the following groups of drugs:
- Interferon alfa.
- Pink vinca alkaloids.
The dosage and timing of medication will depend on the neglect of the situation.
If the patient has a bleeding, it is recommended to use hemostatic drugs, as well as aminocaproic acid. Surgical intervention is based on the removal of the spleen and is prescribed only if conservative treatment has not yielded a positive result. If vascular purple was diagnosed, the patient should adhere to a hypoallergenic diet.
To avoid the problem in childhood and adolescence, it is recommended to pay more attention to health, especially in case of advanced infectious diseases of a severe type. In this situation, you need to constantly be under the supervision of a specialist, especially the first few years and conduct preventive examinations.
To exclude recurrence of purpura, stress should be placed on avoiding infection with viral infections and preventing bacterial diseases. Also it is necessary to be as little as possible under the influence of direct sunlight, and it is better to completely exclude them. Do not often freeze.
In addition, the prevention of purpura lies in the timely removal of foci of infection, such as caries, tonsillitis and others. If the patient is at the risk of developing the disease, it is recommended to undergo regular examinations, take all tests and at the first manifestations of the disease immediately seek qualified help, do not engage in self-therapy.