Can I do an MRI with dental implants? Indication for the purpose and consequences of diagnosis
Magnetic resonance imaging is a safe method for studying pathologies of internal systems and organs. This type of diagnosis is successfully used in all areas of medicine. Can I do an MRI with dental implants? In certain cases this may be a contraindication to the procedure.
The essence of the method
MRI is a modern and universal way of diagnosing disturbances in the work of the human body. The essence of tomography is the use of such a physical phenomenon as nuclear magnetic resonance. In the process of research, hydrogen atoms in the tissues of the human body transmit weak radio signals. They are "caught" and ordered by a special device - a tomograph consisting of a magnet and supporting a constant magnetic field. To process and transform the received information into a three-dimensional image helps the computer.
Magnetic resonance tomography completely excludes x-rays. Therefore, most patients with certain indications can make an MRI.With dental implants, the procedure is assigned only on an individual basis. The method of magnetic resonance is completely safe for the human body.
Indications for the appointment of
The range of diseases in which a patient can be assigned an MRI is quite wide. Due to the absence of X-rays, the method is used to study pregnant women and children from an early age.
Can I do an MRI with dental implants, braces or crowns? This method is an alternative to computed tomography, which has more contraindications.
Most often, the technique is used when it is necessary to diagnose soft tissues and blood vessels. Diagnosis is recommended in the following cases:
- circulatory disorders;
- vascular aneurysms;
- heart disease;
- pathology of the musculoskeletal system;
- inflammatory processes of various genesis;
- diseases of internal organs.
Can I do an MRI with dental implants?
Tooth structures and products for various purposes are now available in a large number of people, but this is not a reason not to undergo medical diagnostics. In dental practice, magnetic resonance tomography allows you to assess the state of visible and hidden dentition for easy viewing. If the patient has pins and other metal structures in the oral cavity, can an MRI be performed? Many people follow this procedure with dental implants.
Dentists assure that the presence of metal elements is not a contraindication to conducting magnetic resonance therapy. To get the correct result, you must first warn the specialist about the presence of metal elements and the type of material from which they are made.
When is an MRI in dentistry?
Patients suffering from the following pathological conditions need diagnostics:
- pain when chewing food;
- crunch when moving jaws;
- pain syndrome in the lower jaw;
- spasm when closing and opening the mouth.
MRI of the brain
In neurology, the magnetic resonance therapy is used to study the functional disorders of the vessels of the brain and spinal cord, the spine. MRI of the brain with dental implants is indicated for increased intracranial pressure, suspected stroke, trauma to the skull. Diagnosis will help determine the cause of frequent headaches, developmental pathologies, the presence of infectious diseases.
A more detailed picture of the ailment makes it possible to apply contrast in the diagnostic process. For this, a special substance is injected into the patient, which enters the cerebral vessels through the bloodstream. When the magnetic field is applied, the problem areas are stained in the image.
The material from which the tooth structure is made can be a paramagnetic, ferromagnet or diamagnetic material. They behave differently when exposed to a constant magnetic field. Do MRIs with denture implants from ferromagnetic alloys? The procedure is quite realistic, however, the final result can be highly distorted.
Currently, experts prefer paramagnets - non-magnetic alloys. One of the most popular materials is titanium. It has a number of advantages over other alloys:
- no toxic effects;
- high survival rates of titanium implants with tissues;
- high strength and ductility;
- absence in vanadium alloy;
- presence on the surface of the oxide film, which protects from the environment;
- material is not an allergen.
Features of the procedure
MRI with implants of teeth made of gold, platinum, palladium alloys can show a distorted picture of the disease. In this case, it is not recommended to conduct a study. It should be borne in mind that no harm to the patient who has ferromagnetic implants will result. Although some people tend to think that there may be a shift or heating of the dental product. Implants are small in size and well-fixed products, and therefore you should not be afraid of anything at all.
However, the resulting image will be unreliable and will not allow the doctor to make the correct diagnosis. Before the procedure, it is necessary to clarify with the dentist the type of material of the dental structures. In the future, this information should be reported to a specialist who will conduct magnetic resonance imaging. This will allow you to properly configure the equipment and get a true picture of the patient's condition.