"Bubokok"( vaccine): reviews, purpose, consequences. Prevention of pertussis, diphtheria, tetanus and hepatitis B in children
Vaccination helps to develop artificial immunity to a child. It is this method that prevents unwanted infection with some serious diseases. One of the means of domestic production, designed to protect the baby from infection with tetanus, diphtheria, hepatitis B and whooping cough, is "Bubokok".Vaccine reviews deserved a wide variety. Let us consider in more detail the advantages and disadvantages of this remedy, as well as the recommendations of doctors.
Vaccination "Bubocock": a description of
Vaccination is the introduction into the body of pathogens that previously received special training and do not pose a health hazard. Antigenic material contributes to the development of the body's own antibodies that can fight the disease.
"Bubocock" is a vaccine, about which many parents have recently been interested. The drug was developed by Russian scientists and produced by the pharmaceutical company Kombitech. The drug is used for therapeutic and preventive purposes to prevent infection with the tetanus, pertussis, diphtheria and hepatitis B virus. These pathologies cause significant damage to the entire body. The schedule of vaccinations recommends the introduction of the vaccine to babies from 3 months and up to 4 years.
Composition, form of release
The preparation is available in the form of a suspension having a white or pale yellow color. With prolonged storage, a precipitate may appear. Eliminate this problem after shaking the ampoule with the drug. The vaccine contains the following components:
- pertussis bacterial cells( inactivated) - 10 billion;
- Diphtheria toxoid - 15 units;
- tetanus toxoid - 5 units;
- antigen against hepatitis B - 5 mg.
Combined drug allows you to simultaneously develop immunity against dangerous infectious pathologies, including viral hepatitis B - a serious liver disease. This is the main difference between the remedy for the DTP vaccine."Bubokok" is considered a more modern vaccination.
Diphtheria and tetanus toxoid in the formulation have been purified and do not contain protein compounds. The components are adsorbed on aluminum hydroxide( gel).
How correctly to apply "Бубокок"?
The vaccine, which can be heard about from paediatricians and immunologists, is provided free of charge in almost all children's clinics in Russia. According to the instructions, the drug can be used if the baby has not been vaccinated against hepatitis B in a timely manner. It should be taken into account that this medication is contraindicated for children under the age of three months.
In the absence of vaccination against hepatitis, the vaccine "Bubokok" recommends that the instruction be administered three times - at 3, 4,5 and 6 months. Revaccination can be done at 12 or 18 months. It is important to observe the time interval between the administration of the suspension( 45 days).This should warn the parents of a pediatrician or an immunologist. The drug can be administered a little later than the due date. The vaccine is often used if the baby was previously given the DTP drug and there is no vaccination against hepatitis.
How to enter?
Vaccination "Bubococcus" is intended for intramuscular injection in the upper part of the thigh or gluteal region. The volume of the dose is 5 ml. After opening the ampoule, if the suspension was not used, it should be destroyed. In the open form of the drug is not subject to storage.
Manufacturer indicates that "Bubococcus" can be simultaneously administered with other vaccines. The possibility of combining funds should be determined by an immunologist.
It is important to understand that any vaccination is much safer for the body than the disease itself. However, there are cases where immunization may be contraindicated on a temporary or permanent basis. To avoid the development of negative consequences of vaccination, you must follow certain rules and be sure to familiarize yourself with the contraindications to use.
The main contraindication to the introduction of the vaccine is a strong reaction to previous immunization with the drug, the presence of neurological abnormalities and malignant neoplasms, afefril convulsions, intolerance to yeast fungi.
Temporary contraindications include:
- acute diseases( flu, ARVI);
- exacerbation of chronic illness;
- immunosuppressive therapy;
- introduction of immunoglobulin, blood transfusion.
How is the "Bubocock" transferred?
The response of the body to the introduction of the vaccine can be different and completely depends on the individual characteristics. The manufacturer of the drug claims that "Bubokok" practically does not cause negative phenomena. What really?
According to reviews, the vaccine "Bubokok" is quite severe, and cases of complications after the introduction of the drug are often found. More often than not, parents complain of a sudden scream in children. Thus, the nervous system of the baby responds to the remedy, or rather, to the pertussis toxoid. Another frequent postvaccinal symptom is an increase in body temperature. Sometimes the values on the thermometer can reach 38-39 ° C.A similar condition occurs within the first 48 hours after immunization.
Common consequences include general malaise, weakness, swelling and redness of tissues at the injection site. Less often on this site there may be a rash, hives.
In cases where the child has severe consequences after the use of the drug, further vaccination should be performed with other drugs that do not contain pertussis component.
Preparation for grafting
It is often possible to hear the opinion that a pertussis component in a vaccine can cause severe neurologic reactions. Is it really? Indeed, cases associated with the emergence of an inadequate response of the body to the administration of the drug, there are quite a lot. Therefore, before you immunize your child against pertussis, tetanus, diphtheria and hepatitis B, it is recommended that you visit a neurologist who will conduct an examination and, if necessary, prescribe an additional examination of the child. Only after confirming the absence of any violations can be used for immunization "Bubokok".
Vaccine reviews gets both good and negative. To protect the baby from the development of severe consequences of vaccination, doctors recommend limiting contact with other children a few days before the expected date of drug administration. It is extremely undesirable to stay in the polyclinic for a long time before vaccination. You can catch the virus in a few minutes, which can also negatively affect the body's response.
Children with allergies also need to be immunized. The individual schedule of vaccinations is determined by the doctor. To carry out the vaccination in this case it is necessary a few days after the end of the aggravation of the disease. Beforehand, you should start giving your baby antihistamines at the appropriate dosage.
How can I replace "Bubokok"?
The vaccine "Bubokok" is a more refined analogue of the known DTP vaccine, which does not contain a component to prevent infection with viral hepatitis B.
The following import drugs are similar in composition:
- "Infanrix" is a trivalent vaccine, whose action is directed to the development of immunity against diphtheria,tetanus and pertussis. The drug is well tolerated by children.
- "Infanrix Hexa" is an inoculation capable of developing protection against diphtheria, hemophilic rod, pertussis, tetanus and poliomyelitis.
- "Tetraksim" has diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, filamentous hemagglutinin and inactivated poliomyelitis viruses of three types.