Antidepressants: side effects, reviews
Recently, the depressed state of people, especially residents of large cities, began to meet quite often. This is facilitated in many ways by the rapid rhythm of life along with the disturbed ecology and constant stresses. Some try to treat depression with alcoholic beverages. But such an approach, of course, is fundamentally wrong. The problem can not be solved in this way, but it is quite possible to gradually turn into an alcoholic. Depression is a disease, and it should be treated with drugs, which are antidepressants. The side effects of these drugs are discussed in the article.
Antidepressants and the mechanism of their impact on the body
Currently, pharmacies sell a variety of antidepressants, which belong to different categories of drugs. But the effect on the body of most of them is the same and always aims at changing the amount in the brain tissues of certain chemical elements, which are called neurotransmitters. Their deficiency leads to all sorts of disturbances in the psyche and nervou
As with all medicines, side effects of antidepressants are also available. About this below.
The effect of such drugs is that they increase the content of neurotransmitters in the brain or make cells more susceptible to these elements. Any antidepressant is usually prescribed by long courses. This is directly related to the fact that they do not act immediately. Most often, the positive effect of using such a drug begins to develop only a few weeks after the start of its administration. In those situations where it is required that the effect of the drug is manifested more quickly, doctors prescribe it in injections. According to reviews, antidepressants are considered to be very effective medicines. Their use reliably eliminates such manifestations of depression as feelings of hopelessness along with loss of interest in life, apathy, sadness, anxiety and anguish. But do not forget about the side effects of antidepressants.
Antidepressants do not help, how to be?
You can often hear that it does not make sense to take these medications because of their ineffectiveness. But most often the lack of results is that people buy antidepressants in pharmacies without a doctor's prescription, and, consequently, without consulting a specialist. In this situation, the medicine may simply not suit the person or it can take it in the wrong dosage. It is necessary to consult a doctor who will prescribe the required treatment.
In addition, do not forget that in order to get results from therapy, they should be taken for a long time, at least three months. Are there antidepressants without side effects? Many patients are concerned about this issue.
Should I buy cheap drugs?
Often patients refuse treatment with antidepressants because of their high price. However, in pharmacies, it is almost always possible to purchase cheaper analogs that will not yield to the main product in terms of its effectiveness, in addition, quality or safety. Cheap antidepressants, according to reviews of patients, affect the body no worse than their counterparts, which significantly exceed them in price. But in the event that there are still doubts, you can always consult on the choice of a drug with your doctor.
How long should the treatment last?
As a rule, doctors prescribe antidepressant medication with long courses, which range from several months to one year. You can not self-abandon treatment until the end of the course, which was recommended by the doctor.
Side effects of antidepressants in women develop much more often. In addition to the main reactions, they tend to decrease interest in sex, it is also difficult to achieve orgasm, reduced lubrication( there is dryness of the vagina).
Some drugs, in addition to removing the symptoms of depression, also have a psycho-stimulating effect. Against the background of their use in patients often have problems with falling asleep. But in this situation, you can not refuse further treatment. It is advisable to contact the attending physician with a request to change the scheme of the therapy. For example, a doctor can recommend taking the required medication at lunchtime and in the mornings.
Side Effects of
Taking any medications, including antidepressants, can lead to side effects. Drugs in this group, according to reviews, can often cause a slight feeling of nausea, along with problems with falling asleep. Very rarely they lead to violations in sexual life. As practice shows, all listed side effects are observed in the first few days of admission, and later pass independently, without requiring any additional treatment. The attending physician usually advises antidepressants with a minimum of side effects.
Most modern drugs for fighting depression almost do not interact with other medications taken. But in the event that a person buys antidepressants without a prescription and takes any other drugs, including biologically active supplements, it is always important to consult a specialist about the safety of a joint intake.
Side effects of the antidepressant "Fluoxetine" are in abundance. The drug is also known as "Prozac".It is important to note that it is capable of causing a strong addiction."Fluoxetine" has an extremely negative effect on the central nervous system. With prolonged uncontrolled admission, this leads to:
- dizziness and headaches;
- to psychomotor agitation;
- thinking disorder;
- loss of coordination of movements;
- attention violation;
In addition, there is a risk of drug overdose.
To completely completely eliminate any complications even when using psychotropic drugs that have a sparing effect, it is impossible. The greatest likelihood of side effects as a result of the use of antidepressants occurs among patients suffering from somatic diseases, in addition, in the elderly, who have increased sensitivity to psychotropic drugs.
The most common side effects of tricyclic antidepressants include anticholinergic disorders along with impairments in the functions of the nervous system. Plus, there may be disruptions in the work of the heart and blood vessels, in addition, sometimes there are complications in the organs of hematopoiesis, as well as exchange-endocrine changes associated with increased body weight and allergic reactions.
Side effects and complications from antidepressants usually show themselves in the initial stages of taking in the first couple of weeks. They are preserved sometimes during one month of therapy, after which they undergo reverse development. Against the background of persistent and at the same time excessive violations it is advisable to reduce the dose, and if necessary, complete cessation and failure of therapy is required. So, among the main side effects that can develop against the background of the use of antidepressants, most often in patients the following conditions are observed:
- Appearance of nausea.
- Sensation of dryness in the mouth.
- Decreased or no appetite.
- Presence of vomiting.
- Development of diarrhea or constipation.
- Frequent dizziness.
- Insomnia along with headaches.
- Increased feelings of anxiety.
- The appearance of nervousness along with a feeling of inner tension.
Under the supervision of a doctor, it is possible to select an antidepressant without side effects to your body.
Many people are very wary of the treatment with antidepressants, as they believe that these medications can deprive them of all human emotions, thus turning them into soulless robots. In fact, this is not so. According to reviews, antidepressants minimize feelings of fear, anguish, and anxiety. For any other emotions, they have absolutely no effect.
Another no less common myth of antidepressants is that once you start treatment with these drugs, a person will have to continue to use them for the rest of his life. In fact, antidepressants do not cause any physical addiction and, especially, mental dependence. Simply for the effectiveness of treatment, patients should be prescribed long courses.
Antidepressants with minimal side effects
Available for purchase without a prescription, have a minimum of side effects:
- Tetracyclic group - "Maprotiline"( "Ladiomil").
- Tricyclic group - "Paxil"( "Adeptress", "Plizil", "Sirestill", "Plizil").
- Selective inhibitors are Prozac( Prodel, Fluoxetine, Profluzak).
- If you need a refusal from long-term bad habits, for example, smoking - "Ziban"( "NoemKmok", "Wellbutrin").
- Herbal preparations - "Persen", "Deprim", "Novo-Passit".
Antidepressants and physical exercises
Against the backdrop of sports training in the human body, hormones of joy begin to be intensively developed, which are scientifically called endorphins. They are excellent at reducing the level of depression, improving mood. For this reason, regular exercise is ideally combined with antidepressant therapy, shortening the course duration and reducing the dosage of the drugs used.
Thus, in the presence of minor depression, it is best to go to the pool or gym instead of buying antidepressants in the pharmacy without a prescription. So a person will manage not only to improve his condition without using medicines, but also it will bring a lot of benefits for the whole organism as a whole.
End of the course of therapy with antidepressants
In the event that a person begins treatment with antidepressants, then you can never stop using it yourself without the permission of a doctor. This is due to the fact that any withdrawal of antidepressant use should be slow and gradual. Against the background of a sharp rejection of further therapy, the depressive symptoms will return almost immediately. In addition, the symptoms can become even stronger than they were before the course of treatment. That is why the abolition of antidepressants should occur strictly according to the scheme, which was recommended by the attending physician.
Now we learn what ordinary people who have had a course of treatment with these drugs think about the use of antidepressants.
Feedback on the side effects of
antidepressants People respond differently to antidepressants, but overall they are happy with the effect that can be achieved through their intake. In particular, it is reported that taking these drugs actually helps to change your life for the better, when depression comes and it starts to seem that everything is so bad that you do not even want to live.
Almost all the comments that people leave on the Internet about certain antidepressants are accompanied by such words and phrases as "helps", "saves", "it is possible to get out" and so on.
On the speed of obtaining the result is the most diverse information. So, some people write that they managed to notice the effect after the first few days of admission, while others report the result only after one month.
Among the dissatisfied reviews, there is often a statement that the withdrawal syndrome of antidepressants is extremely difficult for patients. On this basis, apathy and depression overpower a person in full. In addition, they talk about the appearance of uncontrolled anger. Therefore, many claim that they began to feel even worse than before taking medication. As part of the commentary to such reviews, it should be recalled that antidepressants, with the least side effects including - it's not a toy at all, and take them solely on the prescription of the doctor.
People rarely talk about such a side effect as insomnia. In addition, in some people, taking pills is accompanied by a decrease in libido. Some say that they have poorly tolerated the course of admission in general, and also that antidepressants increase blood pressure.
People are also dissatisfied with the fact that taking such pills takes too long to achieve and maintain a positive effect. Quite often there are complaints about the cost of antidepressants, which for some drugs can reach up to two thousand rubles for one package.
So, in conclusion, let's name the main advantages, which people who used antidepressants tell:
- Drugs change life for the better, helping to get out of difficult situations.
- Eliminate feelings of depression, tearfulness, anxiety, irritability and so on.
The disadvantages are as follows:
- High cost.
- Development of side effects. Most often - insomnia and decreased libido.
- Necessity of long reception.
- Some people have a worse state of depression.
- The withdrawal syndrome.
Thus, today antidepressants are a good solution in case of depression. In most reviews of antidepressants and side effects, people report their effectiveness. But it is extremely important to undergo a course of treatment with these drugs only in accordance with medical recommendations, since otherwise, with self-therapy, one's condition can only be aggravated.
The side effects of antidepressants and tranquilizers are similar in many respects. But the main difference is that the former are addictive, and the latter are not.