How is conjunctivitis transmitted? Transmission routes and symptoms of conjunctivitis
Sooner or later, but almost all adults and children are exposed to various eye diseases. Conjunctivitis is a fairly common and unpleasant disease. Many are frightened when they see red and swollen eyes in the morning. But there is nothing wrong with that. If you notice the symptoms in time and take preventive measures, then this trouble will easily bypass. How is conjunctivitis transmitted? What are its symptoms and treatment? This is exactly what will be discussed in the article.
What is conjunctivitis and its symptoms?
Conjunctivitis is a disease and reddening of a colorless, thin coat of the eye( or conjunctiva).It is a transparent shell that protects the white of the eye and covers the inner surface of the eyelids. The main task of the conjunctiva is to protect the eyes from getting into them dust and foreign bodies, to moisturize and facilitate the movement of the eyes. There is a large number of nerve endings in it, therefore, as soon as it is irritated, the eyes turn red.
How is conjunctivitis transmitted? Why does it arise? Any, even the slightest damage to the eyes( the ingress of dust or sand in them), the weakening of the body by various diseases, the weakening of the immune system, various allergic diseases or infections - all these components can provoke the emergence of conjunctivitis in humans.
Symptoms of this eye disease are quite different. The disease can appear against the background of a beginner allergy. It can also be caused by various infections or bacteria. Exposure of various physical or chemical factors to the eye can also provoke the appearance of conjunctivitis. Often, the disease affects people with dry eye syndrome due to inadequate production of tear fluid. Just a strong reddening of the eyes and is the first symptom of the development of conjunctivitis. Become clearly visible all the blood vessels against the background of the white eyeball.
Another symptom is the puffiness of the eyelids and their redness, the sensation of sand in the eyes. Also, purulent discharge begins to appear. Very often, children may have fever, there may be a sore throat. There is a decrease in appetite, poor sleep, after sleep, eyelids are difficult to climb and glued together. There is abundant tearing, eyes are "afraid" of light.
Conjunctivitis: how is it transmitted? How long does the disease last?
Conjunctivitis is usually transmitted by contact. Viruses and bacteria enter the organs of vision through various sources. It's dirty hands, swimming in public pools, saunas and baths. Girls can be exposed to infection using substandard or overdue cosmetics.
How is conjunctivitis transmitted in children? They can get infected during colds, acute respiratory infections, measles, etc. The presence of microscopic trauma on the mucous membrane of the eye also opens up access to microbes. Long exposure to ultraviolet rays or too bright lighting can also provoke the development of ailment. You can also get sick by using common objects, where bacteria can persist for a long time.
How is conjunctivitis transmitted in children? Infecting in childhood is very simple: walked on the street and unwashed dusty hands began rubbing eyes. As a consequence - conjunctivitis.
The duration of the disease depends on the type of conjunctivitis. It is worth noting that there is no exact time for recovery, and no doctor can guarantee that it will be fully cured in 10 days. The disease can last from 5 days or more. Do not delay with treatment, as soon as the first symptoms begin to appear, it is better to immediately consult a doctor, and then the illness will worry much less.
Today, modern medicine distinguishes many types of this disease: infectious conjunctivitis, which includes bacterial and viral. There are also allergic, chronic, purulent conjunctivitis. Let's consider each of them separately.
As conjunctivitis is transmitted in general cases, we have already found out. Now consider some of its types in more detail.
How is infectious conjunctivitis transmitted?
Eye disease, which is caused by viruses or bacteria, is called infectious conjunctivitis. How is it transmitted and what are its symptoms? What are the differences between the viral and bacterial variants? All of this is discussed below.
To say unambiguously what exactly caused the infectious conjunctivitis, it is impossible. Symptoms of infectious conjunctivitis do not differ from all the others: it is blurred vision, eye irritation, discomfort from bright light, there are discharge from the eyes, which leads to clumping of the eyelids. In the absence of treatment, infectious conjunctivitis can last for months, causing discomfort. In the treatment, cold compresses are usually used, the eyes are wiped with a damp cloth. Do not touch unwashed hands with infected eyes, otherwise the treatment may last for a long time. Be sure to contact a specialist.
Both adults and children may have bacterial conjunctivitis. How is it transmitted? What are his symptoms and treatment? The bacteria cause a disease, for example, staphylococci and pneumococci. Usually the disease is transmitted through dirty hands, with the common use of household items( towels, etc.).It can also be transmitted through air or water. Like other types of conjunctivitis, bacterial has its symptoms, which can easily calculate the beginning disease. First, it is a yellowish or cloudy discharge from the eyes;secondly, the skin around the eyes and the conjunctiva itself will be dry, thirdly, the sensation of a foreign body in the eyes and pain. The same does not necessarily infect the two eyes, very often the disease affects only one eye, and later the second. During treatment, doctors prescribe ointments or drops that will help restore.
Various viruses cause viral conjunctivitis. How is it transmitted? What are the symptoms and course of the disease? Usually he accompanies a cold, ARVI, therefore the first symptoms can be a fever, unpleasant sensations in the throat. Viral conjunctivitis affects at first only one eye. Symptoms: severe tear;swelling of the skin around the eyes. Of eye diseases, the most common is viral conjunctivitis. How is it transmitted? Most often, it is transmitted from an infected person by airborne droplets, with the joint use of personal belongings. Treatment should be started immediately, usually prescribed antihistamine drops that reduce itching and reduce inflammation.
Allergic conjunctivitis occurs when a person interacts with various allergens. It can be house dust, poor-quality food, pollen of plants, pet hair or sharp smells. How is conjunctivitis caused by allergy transmitted? Unlike other types of this disease, allergic is not contagious. If this type of conjunctivitis occurs, the cause of the allergy should be immediately identified and its sources eliminated. How to determine if a person has allergic conjunctivitis? Symptoms of it are as follows: the swelling of the conjunctiva and eyes begins, there is an unpleasant burning sensation, the sensitivity of the eyes in the light. Usually allergic conjunctivitis affects both eyes at once. For treatment, antihistamine drops are used to reduce the itching, also apply an artificial tear to reduce dry eyes.
Acute and chronic
The causative agents of the acute form of conjunctivitis are usually various microorganisms, viruses, etc. Most often this form of conjunctivitis develops with non-observance of personal hygiene and is usually distributed in children's institutions( kindergartens or preschools).Acute infection with adenoviruses can cause adenoviral conjunctivitis. How is this type of disease transmitted? You can get infected at any contact with the patient. In this case, you urgently need to contact an ophthalmologist.
With purulent discharge from the eyes, purulent conjunctivitis can be diagnosed. Stalk disease should always consult a doctor, self-medication can be dangerous. How is purulent conjunctivitis transmitted? You can get infected at any contact with the patient, even after the handshake.
Chronic conjunctivitis develops when the eyes are exposed to harmful substances, irritants or allergens for a long time. Also, chronic conjunctivitis worsens in people with weakened immunity, lack of vitamins or in vision disorders.
Consequences of conjunctivitis
The consequences of this ailment can be different. Today, about 30% of patients who have come to the ophthalmologist are suffering from this disease. If you turn in time and do not delay the trip to the doctor, then conjunctivitis is successfully treated with ointments or drops under the supervision of the attending physician. However, if you start the disease, it can lead to quite sad consequences. First, neglected conjunctivitis can lead to other severe inflammatory processes of the eyes, which are treated longer in time and the eye strain will increase significantly. Secondly, in some people, conjunctivitis can go on into a chronic form. Thirdly, this disease can lead to partial or complete loss of vision, but this occurs in the total absence of treatment.
Such a common and such unpleasant eye disease is conjunctivitis. Is it possible to somehow avoid it or reduce the chances of getting sick? Any disease is easier to warn in time than to treat. Conjunctivitis was no exception. To prevent the disease as rarely as possible and adults, and especially children, it is worth to follow some preventive measures. It is necessary to use only personal items of use( face towels, etc.);coming back from the street, be sure to wash your hands or use an antibacterial agent. Strengthen immunity, taking vitamins, observe the regime of the day, do not abuse alcohol, eat right, play sports. Keep clean in the house, be sure to ventilate the room and do a wet cleaning.
Prevention of conjunctivitis for children is especially important: it is necessary to protect the child from hours of sitting in front of a computer monitor or a TV screen;provide him with proper lighting when writing or reading, to reduce eye fatigue;from a small age, make sure that the child does not rub his eyes with dirty hands, and, of course, carefully monitor his allergic reactions. Such simple rules at first glance will help to avoid not only conjunctivitis, but also other diseases.
Treatment with folk methods
Treatment of conjunctivitis with folk remedies is quite effective in some cases, and there are as many methods you can find today. It is best to use the recipes that our mothers and grandmothers have checked on themselves.
The most common way is to apply to the inflamed eyes lotion from brewed tea. This method is very effective. Remove irritation from the eyes. However, it is worthwhile to monitor the concentration of the solution, since too "steep" tea can only do harm.
Another method is in lotions of herbs and chamomile. Brew with boiling water, let it persist for 10-15 minutes, carefully filter the solution, since small particles can get into the diseased eye. Apply on eyelids for 10 minutes. Such a method will help calm your eyes and relieve puffiness.
Another proven method for controlling the disease is the use of potatoes. Raw potatoes to grate on a grater, before transformation into a slurry, add an egg, mix. Stir until smooth and apply as a compress to the diseased eyes for 15 minutes. This procedure should be repeated 3-5 times.
Also good for helping lotions from a solution of laurel leaf, propolis, honey and dogrose.
However, it should be noted that folk remedies will not help, if there is a strong reddening of the eyes, then do not hesitate to contact a doctor.
So, conjunctivitis is a rather common eye disease that occurs not only in children, but also in adults. The reasons for its occurrence are different, bacteria and viruses, non-observance of personal hygiene rules, allergy, etc. Fortunately, today's modern medicine is able to cope with this scourge quickly and very effectively. Conjunctivitis is successfully treated at any age without health consequences.