"ACTS" for children( syrup): instructions for use, feedback
When a child falls ill in a family, all the attention of adults focuses on it. And the point here is not whether this is a serious illness or a cold with a cough. Moreover, in fact, cough itself is a symptom of the disease and requires treatment.
To combat this problem, a lot of different medications have been developed in a variety of forms: tablets, suspension, inhalants, cough syrup."ATSTS" for children was developed by manufacturers in Germany and Slovenia. The main functions of this drug are dilution of hard-to-separate sputum, facilitating the process of removing it from the respiratory tract."ATSTS" has an anti-inflammatory effect, suppressing pathogens developing in sputum.
Principle of operation of the "ACS"
For the stable functioning of the human body, nature has arranged everything in such a way that a special mucous secret is constantly produced in the respiratory tract, the main functions of which are protective, purifying and antibacterial effects. If a person falls ill, the process of developing this secret is repeatedly activated. The consistency of this mucus has increased viscosity: the child suffers prolonged bouts of coughing, suffocates, and sputum does not depart. Such a cough is called unproductive.
It is in such cases, to help the children's body, appoint "ACTS" for children( syrup).Instruction for use allows you to assign it to children from the age of two. Viscosity of sputum directly depends on the presence in it of special bonds - disulfide bridges."ATSTS", getting into the body of the child, affects these compounds and promotes their rupture. Sputum becomes less viscous, and the process of removing it from the respiratory tract is greatly facilitated. Air masses, getting into the bronchi, can freely circulate, without causing irritation of the nerve endings. Cough becomes productive.
"ATSTS"( syrup for children) continues to remain active even in those cases when purulent component is present in the sputum. At first, parents may have a feeling that the cough has intensified. However, the intensification of this process only indicates that the drug acts. Gradually, the cough reflex decays, and soon the cough passes completely.
The antioxidant properties of ACC are able to suppress local inflammatory processes, which practically negates the likelihood of recurrences and complications. The drug does not have any effect on the immune system.
Possible forms of release
Manufacturers for convenience and breadth of use offer the drug in several forms of release. The granules in the vial are diluted with water on their own, resulting in "ACTS" -syr. Instructions for use for children often allow you to treat this medicine even for those kids who have not yet reached the age of two. However, doctors do not practice its appointment to newborns for the treatment of cough and bronchitis for the reason that the airways in infants are very narrow, and the pectoral muscles are still weak. For these reasons, a small child simply can not cough up the increased volume of sputum. If there is no alternative to this medication, then treatment with the help of "ATSTS" should be under the supervision of the treating doctor.
However, it should be noted that the "ACTS"( syrup) instruction for use for children up to a year can be prescribed if the child has cystic fibrosis( a hereditary disease characterized by a malfunction of the respiratory system).
Widely used effervescent tablets "ACTS".They can be purchased in three dosages: 100, 200 and 600 mg of acetylcysteine (the main active ingredient).The dose of 600 mg is the trade name "ACTS-Long," characterized by prolonged influence and prescribed to patients no younger than 14 years. One tablet of this medicine, taken once, replaces a few tricks of smaller doses.
Suspension is prepared by diluting the granules from sachets( 100, 200 mg) in water, tea, milk or juice. The resulting composition should not be hot. Ideally, if its temperature is close to body temperature.
With the application of "ACTS" it is even possible to do inhalations.1-2 ml of solution for injection( used in very severe cases in a hospital under medical supervision), mixed with isotonic sodium chloride solution and used in special inhalers or nebulizers. The procedures can be performed 1-2 times a day. The course of therapy - up to 10 days.
Indications for use
Indications for which this medication is possible is quite wide. And as for small patients, a special dosage is developed for them, called "ACTS 100".Instruction for children syrup( as an optimal form for the treatment of even infants and children under 2 years old) can be used for a variety of diseases of the respiratory system.
In general, "ACS" is prescribed for patients suffering from bronchitis( any form: chronic, acute, obstructive), pneumonia, tracheitis, bronchitis( inflammatory processes of the lower respiratory tract), cystic fibrosis. Apply medication with bronchoekstazah( an increase in the diameter of the bronchi in the place where the bronchial wall is damaged).
Also, the appointment of "ATSTS" in the treatment of otitis and sinusitis( acute, chronic form) is also practiced, as the drug is able to dilute not only phlegm, but also accumulations of pus, stimulating its excretion from the body.
Contraindications for the admission "ACC"
"ACTS" for children( syrup) instructions for use forbids patients with individual intolerance of the components of the drug and those who suffer from peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum( acute stage).These same diseases, but in the remission phase, too, can respond to the application of the "ACTS".Therefore, patients with such problems should be attentive to their own well-being.
With great precautions, "ACTS"( syrup for children) should be taken by patients with renal and hepatic insufficiency, in the presence of problems with the adrenal glands, with bronchial asthma.
Since many diseases today are younger, even in small children one can find peptic ulcer diseases or diabetes mellitus. At the last disease it is necessary to mean, that in structure of "ATSTS" there is a sucrose. If a child is diagnosed with phenylketonuria, then for treatment of a cough you have to choose "ACTS", which does not include aspartame( sweetener).
Contraindication for "ATSTS Long" - the age of the child under 14 years.
Methods of application and dosage
Instructions for use "ACTS 100" for children Syrup recommended for admission when the patient's age is from 2 to 5 years. Also it can be granules in bags( volume - 100 mg), which take 2-3 times during the day. Another option is the granules in the vial for the production of syrup, which is shown to be taken by 5 ml( 1 measuring spoon) also 2-3 times during the day after eating.
Patients in the age group 6 to 14 years of age practice the appointment of "ATSTS" 200 mg( granules in bags) twice a day or 2 measuring spoons( 10 ml) of syrup twice a day during meals.
Patients over 14 years of age practice the appointment of "ACTS" in 2 scoops( 10 mg) 2-3 times during the day( or use "ACTS Long").
In the most extreme cases, you can use the "ACTS"( syrup) instruction for use for children under one year. In this case, medical experts say that there is still insufficiently developed respiratory system and weak pectoral muscles. A small child will find it difficult to cough up an increased amount of sputum.
It is worth mentioning that the above described standard treatment regimen. In some particularly severe cases, the dosage of the drug can be adjusted upwards( or reduced if the situation is not very severe).The usual course of treatment is up to 7 days. Only the doctor can decide to increase the treatment period. In chronic forms of bronchitis or cystic fibrosis, a course of therapy with the use of "ATSTS" can last for several months. In parallel, ongoing monitoring of the functioning of the liver, kidneys, adrenals. The parameters of blood enzymes are also subject to control.
Possible side effects of
Side effects of the drug "ACTS" is rare. Parents of small patients talk about the occurrence of headaches, the development of stomatitis, noise in the ears. Significantly, there are abnormalities in the functioning of the digestive tract, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
Also, among the possible negative manifestations in the process of application of "ATSTS" for children( syrup), the instruction for use reports the risk of lowering blood pressure, the development of tachycardia( rapid heart rate), bronchospasm, the appearance of urticaria.
In case of any negative reactions during the therapy with the use of "ACTS" it is necessary to stop taking the medication and without fail to consult a pediatrician.
Exceeding the permissible dosage of
An overdose of the drug "ACC" can occur in several cases. It is possible for a child to take a dose calculated for an adult patient, use the medicine in an overestimated volume without special instructions from the doctor or accumulate it( "ACTS") in the body, which is possible with a long course of treatment without proper monitoring of the liver, kidneys, blood. In any case, the possible instructions for patients to respond to "ATSTS"( for children - syrup) instructions for use describe such manifestations as a drop in blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, a feeling of dry mouth. Also, there is a possibility of the appearance of allergic dermatitis, accompanied by a rash and skin pruritus, bronchospasm may develop.
In especially severe cases, doctors speak of the possibility of swelling and shock.
Interaction with other drugs
All information on possible drug interactions contains an instruction manual for "ACTS"( syrup).For children from the year, you can take it only in the most extreme cases and under the supervision of a doctor. Although with the parallel application of the "ATSTS" with something else, there is danger for patients of any age.
There is information on the incompatibility of the main active substance "ACTS" with semisynthetic penicillins, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides. On the contrary, there is no information on the incompatibility of acetylcysteine with such antibacterial drugs as Amoxicillin, Erythromycin and Cefuroxime.
What should I look for?
As mentioned earlier, for doctors from 2 to 5 years, doctors usually prefer "ACTS 100"( syrup).Instructions for use for children, reviews of pediatricians warn parents about the inadmissibility of joint admission of "ATSTS" and any antitussive medications. At such a parallel reception, "ACC" dilutes sputum, and antitussives suppresses cough reflex, sputum does not expectorate. This is fraught with stagnation of phlegm, which seriously threatens the health, and sometimes the life of the child.
Pediatricians also do not prescribe "ATSs" together with antibacterial agents, as they may be incompatible. Only a few types of antibiotics of tetracycline, penicillin and cephalosporin series can be used together with "ATSTS" with intervals of at least 2 hours between doses.
Self-propagating granules and powders "ACTS" is only allowed in glassware. It is recommended not to allow contact with rubber or metal.
When treating with the use of "ATSTS" it is required to increase the amount of consumed liquid. This will greatly enhance the mucolytic effect of the drug. Children should take "ACTS" no later than 4 hours before bedtime.
Opinion of consumers about the drug
Parents of patients are satisfied with the drug "ACTS"( syrup).Instructions for use for children( consumer reviews confirm this fact) gives clear instructions on the method of application of the drug, dosage. Cough in children usually very quickly becomes productive and passes for 3-4 days. That is, the remedy is effective in almost 100% of cases.
The syrup has a pleasant orange flavor, so even the most capricious patients do not have to be forced to take the medicine for a long time. In addition, the cost of ATSTS is available to a wide range of consumers with a wide range of financial opportunities. The product is very convenient in storage, it will not be difficult to take it with you on the road.
"ACTS", of course, has certain contraindications and side effects, but its use only for the purpose of the attending physician and compliance with all recommendations will save most of the unpleasant consequences and manifestations.
The child will be deep and calm breathing, and parents will not worry about his well-being.