Erythrocytosis - what is it? Causes, symptoms, treatment
Violations of hematopoies can trigger the development of serious systemic pathologies. Therefore, it is necessary to periodically take tests to determine the amount of hemoglobin and other blood parameters. Sometimes people can have erythrocytosis. What is this and how dangerous is this condition, you will learn further.
What is pathology?
Call it an independent disease can not. Erythrocytosis of blood is, rather, a pathological condition. If the norm of blood cells exceeds 6х1012 / l, this may indicate the presence of pathology. This is also indicated by the abnormal level of hemoglobin: more than 170 g / l. The increase in the number of red blood cells is indicated not only by a blood test, but also by some external signs.
Erythrocytosis( the causes of the pathology you learn later) is considered a kind of adaptive process to the disease. This condition can occur during the development of tumors, chronic hypoxia, infectious diseases. In some cases, the underlying disease may be the only manifestation. It should be taken into account that the development of processes does not occur dramatically, that is, the number of erythrocytes increases gradually.
The causes of the development of the pathology of
Erythrocytosis( what it is, you already understood) can provoke such reasons:
- Too little oxygen in the air.
- Insufficient amount of vitamins in the body.
- Malignant oncological diseases.
- Chronic pathologies of the respiratory system, congenital heart disease, blood problems or deficiency of plasma volume.
- Bad functioning of the adrenal cortex.
- Increase in air temperature.
- The use of products or water of poor quality.
- Insufficient number of enzymes that are responsible for the breakdown of food. Because of this, the products of food decay can enter the bloodstream.
Species of the disease
Erythrocytosis, the causes of this problem can be completely different, can be classified as follows:
- Pathological. Its peculiarity is that it appears due to any problems with the kidneys, abnormal bone marrow functionality. It should be taken into account that this process is not benign. Therefore, you need to fight it immediately.
- Physiological. The causes of this condition can be a prolonged lack of oxygen. In this case, the body needs to compensate for its quantity by increasing the total number of red blood cells. This process is not life threatening, as it passes quickly enough when normal living conditions resume. This condition can last for several days in newborns.
- Relative. It can develop due to any major loss of blood, prolonged vomiting, severe diarrhea.
- Primary. This pathological condition develops as a result of genetic disorders. That is, it is diagnosed from the very birth and accompanies a person throughout life. The pathology is that the red blood cells are very bad and heavily oxygen is given to tissues. This can lead to a stable hypoxia of the body.
- Secondary erythrocytosis. He is already a manifestation of some disease in the body. To get rid of it it is possible, only having cured the basic pathologies.
Symptomatology of the disease
Erythrocytosis, what is it you already figured out, can have such signs:
- Redness of the skin, although with a relative type of disease the color does not change.
- High arterial hypertension.
- Abnormal abnormal spleen enlargement.
- Weakness, too fast fatigue, drowsiness. Such symptoms appear due to the fact that the blood becomes too dense, and additional forces are required for its pumping.
There is erythrocytosis in men, women and even children. At the same time, age does not always matter. In any case, the pathological condition should be correctly diagnosed, so that you can deal with it quickly. There are such diagnostic methods:
- Ultrasound examination of the kidneys, heart and blood vessels.
- Intravenous pyelography.
- Investigation of the gas composition of blood.
- A general blood test in which the level of red blood cells will be seen.
- Study of hemoglobin and hematocrit levels.
In addition, the doctor must know the number of platelets and white blood cells. This will help to establish the disease that provoked the present state.
Treatment features and possible complications
Regardless of who has been diagnosed with erythrocytosis, in men or children, it must be treated. First of all, it is necessary to fight with the pathology that provoked this condition. A very good effect is provided by oxygen therapy.
If the level of the hematocrit is very high and is at least 50%, then bloodletting can help. In this case, the patient is administered various blood substitute drugs. In particularly difficult cases, surgical intervention is used. But you only need to do this if the underlying pathology develops too much. At the same time, medication does not help.
In addition, the doctor must prescribe a diet that provides for the exclusion of fatty foods and iron-containing foods. During the treatment period, it is advisable to stop using alcohol. If the patient has problems with being overweight, then it needs to be reduced.
With regard to complications, among them there may be oxygen starvation of tissues, as well as an increase in the rate of formation of the hormone responsible for the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow.
Features of pathology in men and children
The reasons for the development of this condition in men - the use of too much folic acid and vitamin B12.In the body they come along with food. In addition, worsen the situation can trigger uncontrolled reception of multivitamins.
Among the symptoms of the condition in men can be noted pallor of the skin, visual impairment, problems with appetite, problems with the work of the genitourinary system. In this case, the patient's blood becomes very dense and viscous. This is dangerous because there may be clots leading to strokes and heart attacks.
Too much hemoglobin should be immediately reduced. For this purpose, medicament preparations can be used, as well as a special diet. It provides for the exclusion from the diet of products such as red meat, cereals, red berries and fruits. In some cases, electrophoresis is used. It can be prescribed only when traditional therapy has not given a positive result.
If excessive red blood cells are found in a child, you should immediately consult a pediatrician. It will help to understand what could trigger the development of processes. Most often, primary erythrocytosis is diagnosed in children. However, it is extremely rare. Most often, erythrocytosis in children can be triggered by a mother's disease during pregnancy, a violation of intrauterine development. Treatment should appoint only a doctor hematologist.
It should be noted that increased erythrocytes in a child can lead to a stroke even at an early age. If this happens, the baby needs complex, serious and long-term therapy, which will help restore the functionality of the body system. In the event that the child has a congenital erythrocytosis, then you may have to treat it all the time.
Prevention of pathology
To ensure that the level of red blood cells remained normal, it should be monitored constantly. That is, you need to undergo periodic medical examination with the delivery of laboratory tests. In addition, try to treat various inflammatory and infectious diseases in time, while self-medication is unacceptable.
If the first signs of a high level of hemoglobin were seen, you need to adjust your diet. In this case, give up bad habits. You may need to take medications that make blood more sparse.
Now you have information on the topic: "Erythrocytosis: what is it, the signs and characteristics of treatment."Be healthy.