Genital herpes in women
A fairly common STD today is genital herpes. In women, it is more common than in men. This disease can not be completely cured, however, it is quite possible to reduce the number and severity of relapses. Without proper treatment, genital herpes can lead to complications.
Infection occurs mainly through sexual contact. In addition, the fetus can be infected during the period of gestation and during labor, which leads to negative consequences. Very rarely, infection occurs by the household way.
Causes this disease HSV.Its danger is the frequent absence of symptoms, as well as the presence of atypical forms. Most people with genital herpes do not even know that they have it and infect their partners.
Genital herpes in women can significantly complicate the course of pregnancy. Very dangerous is the primary infection in the first trimester, which is even considered as an indication for its interruption. At later terms, infection of the fetus can lead to pathologies of its development. Primary infection or exacerbation of the disease before delivery is an indication to the caesarean section.
The main symptom of genital herpes is the appearance of vesicles with fluid. On the affected areas there is a tingling, itching, soreness, marked by their swelling and redness. Then the vesicles burst and wet sores are formed.
Primary episode manifests itself more vividly than subsequent exacerbations. It can be accompanied by malaise, pain in the muscles, temperature, painful urination.
In atypical form, cracks, itching, redness and discharge may appear. She, as a rule, is similar, to a chronic inflammation. In addition, rashes can appear only in the vagina and the cervix, in this case, a woman probably will not notice them.
Genital herpes appears in a week. Although this can happen and much later after the appearance of predisposing factors. These include decreased immunity, menstruation, pregnancy, hypothermia, overheating, stress. They also cause recurrence of the disease.
Genital herpes in women can lead to neuroticism and problems in sexual life. Especially if he often recrudes heavily. Some people do this every month. In this case, serious therapy is required to normalize the situation.
Treatment of genital herpes in women is performed by a gynecologist or venereologist. The diagnosis is made when examined and confirmed by analysis. Today, PCR is actively used to detect the virus in the blood, secretions, urine, the contents of the vesicles. This is a very highly sensitive method, allowing to detect even a few DNA.
The body's response to a virus is assessed by detecting antibodies to it in the blood. IgG and IgM titers are determined, they allow to know whether primary infection, latent flow or exacerbation of the disease takes place.
In the treatment of genital herpes, drugs that have an antiviral effect are actively used. The latter is also widely used in the form of ointments. In the scheme of treatment necessarily include funds that increase immunity. Quite often, interferon is prescribed, for example in candles "Viferon".
The best results are given by therapy, started during the period of exacerbation. If relapses occur more often than once every three months, then longer treatment and prevention courses are needed.
The key to successful therapy is to increase immunity. You need to play sports, sleep, go on air, give up bad habits, eat right, take vitamins, eliminate stress, overheat and hypothermia.
So, genital herpes in women can lead to problems with pregnancy, eventually spread to the bladder, urethra, uterus and its neck, tubes, vagina, causing their chronic inflammation. In combination with HPV( human papilloma virus), it is capable of causing cervical cancer. In addition, frequent relapses contribute to neuroticism and negatively affect sexual life. Adequate therapy will help to avoid these troubles, it is carried out most often with such drugs as "Acyclovir", "Groprinosine", "Viferon", and during pregnancy "Proteflazide" is used.