Pathological lie: the causes, symptoms and treatment of a diagnosis
Everyone can claim that he has at least once faced with lies. There are many answers to the question of why people say untruth. Some are inclined to deceive to receive material goods. Others lie in cases where the best option is to withhold reliable information from relatives or friends. Sometimes a person distorts any facts of reality in order to avoid responsibility for bad deeds. However, there are situations when the lie becomes the norm of life and. .. substantially complicates it.
The phenomenon of pathological deception
Sometimes the habit of entangling others with untruthful information takes possession of a person so much that he himself believes in what he says in truth. Such persons do not even imagine what a strong dependence they have got. Pathological lies become a real obstacle to a full life in society. The surrounding people are not inclined to perceive lovers of writing seriously. Circle of communication of these individuals is narrowed, and they turn into outcasts. In addition, su
How to recognize a lover of lies? The next section of the article describes the obvious signs that are characteristic of abnormal behavior of this kind.
Manifestations of pathological propensity to deceive
An obsessive desire for writing does not appear just like that. Its origins must be sought in the past, in childish offenses or shocks. Sometimes the constant desire to lie is peculiar to people who have mental and personal difficulties.
Symptoms of pathological lies are characteristic and pronounced. To identify them, you need to listen well to human speech and analyze the details. A person inclined to deceit, can retell one story many times. However, in his narrative the writer contradicts himself. In the details of the stories, inconsistencies constantly arise. The liar simply does not notice them. Pathological liars are inclined to tell lies about such essential things as illness or the death of relatives and acquaintances. This feature becomes an unpleasant trait for others who first take the writer's words for the truth. Of course, they sometimes have to experience excitement. Anyone who is inclined to an abnormal lie, believes that he does not do anything reprehensible. If he is caught in a misdemeanor, a person tries to justify himself( the documents were lost, and friends who saw everything with their own eyes can not get in touch).
Who is characterized by a pathological desire to lie?
Such an unpleasant trait is observed in both children and adults. In the behavior of children, deception is an attempt to escape from reality or a way to keep any misconduct or event in secret. Writing at this age can cause different reactions in people around - from laughter to censure.
However, pathological lies in adults become a real problem. Personality who can not achieve important goals, implement any plans, tend to distort information. After all, you can convince others that they are significant, successful, influential. But when the deception finally opens, the liar encounters condemnation.
Is this phenomenon considered a mental disorder?
A tendency to say lies may be both a personal characteristic and a sign of illness. A pathological lie in psychiatry is indicated as a manifestation of a schizophrenic disorder. Patients with a similar diagnosis are haunted by visions and delusions. As a result, they give fictitious information for the truth.
Sometimes a person behaves too emotionally. Such persons show feelings very violently: they cry loudly, laugh. These are patients with a hysterical neurosis. For them, too, is characterized by the desire to constantly lie to attract the attention of relatives and friends. A pathological lie is diagnosed with a diagnosis of hypochondria. Such individuals regularly visit doctors, trying to convince them that they are sick, and they themselves believe in it. However, analyzes indicate a lack of health problems. The people around evaluate the complaints of the anxious hypochondriac as a deception.
The desire to constantly lie is characteristic of individuals who can not adapt to society. They often commit illegal actions: stealing, cheating.
Psychological features of those who keep telling lies
Such a trait is often found in people who value themselves low. They invent various stories to feel the importance in the eyes of others.
Pathologic lie is a property of individuals experiencing difficulties in communication. They can not get rid of shyness and timidity. Such people find it difficult to make decisions. And writing is a great opportunity to win prestige in the society.
Unfortunately, liars do not realize the trap they drive themselves into. The character trait quickly takes over the person, and he becomes a hostage of deception. This leads to unpleasant consequences.
Difficulties arising in the life of writers
In a society, people usually do not approve of a person who often lies. His comrades do not trust him. Friends refuse to communicate with this person. Such a person is removed from participation in the decision of responsible tasks. This phenomenon significantly complicates his authority in the team, minimizes the opportunity to make a career.
Friends and relatives gradually move away from the writer, as they do not want to become victims of another deception.
The people of the opposite sex do not seek to create a family with him, because they constantly distrust.
How to behave properly with a person who lies all the time?
If someone is confronted with pathological lies, he should never be humiliated and accused by the writer. But indulging too would be a mistake. How to act in this case correctly? First of all, it is necessary to stop accepting the words of a person for the immutable truth. After listening to the story of a liar, one should make sure, as far as possible, the truth of the story.
If cheating is obvious, it is recommended to talk calmly with the writer about his problem. It is necessary to express the idea that the emotional state of a person is troubling. Sometimes such people stubbornly refuse to realize the presence of this unpleasant feature and do not want to work on themselves. In this case, the most reasonable option would be to stop contacting the deceiver. The question that arises in many who are confronted with pathological lies: "How to treat such a person?", You can not give a definite answer. However, the consultation of the therapist will clearly benefit the one who lies all the time.
How to identify a disorder?
Conversation with a specialist allows you to diagnose and understand what the problem is. However many deceivers do not hurry to go to the doctor. They feel shame and embarrassment. And only the threat of relatives and friends to stop communication gives the person an incentive to decide on this serious step. After all, no one wants to be lonely and rejected. The psychologist helps to identify the sources of pathological lies, the reasons that led to the emergence of this personality trait.
Having learned why and for what purposes people lie, you can explain to them how to find other ways to implement their plans and communicate successfully with others. There are no medications that eliminate deception. Only work on yourself is an effective method of eliminating the problem.
For a person who constantly lies, life becomes incredibly difficult. With certain difficulties, his environment encounters: family members, acquaintances, colleagues. The origins of this problem lie in childhood or at a later age. People who suffer from insecurity, are timid and timid, inclined to regular writing. So they are trying to become more authoritative, to achieve respect, recognition, sympathy. Constantly lie and those who can be called demonstrative personalities. They expect increased attention to their person. To friends or relatives who tell lies, the attitude, as a rule, is reprehensible. A person can believe that a lie helps to fight difficulties or avoid responsibility. However, this quality only causes distrust and quarrels. As a result, the deceiver becomes lonely, deprived of prospects for career and personal development, romantic relationships. Many people with a similar problem refuse to recognize it. However, those who do this are able to objectively assess themselves and correct the situation. With pathological lies of treatment, medicines are not carried out, except for cases when this feature is combined with mental illnesses. Conversations with a specialist in psychotherapy help a person cope with difficulties and be realized in society.