Drops "Tsiprofarm": instructions for use
One of the broad-spectrum antibiotic groups is fluoroquinolones. These are quite effective antibacterial drugs that cause the growth and division of microorganism cells to stop. Therefore, all pills, drops and ointments containing fluoroquinolones are widely used in various infections in adults and children. One of the most common drugs of this group is Tsiprofarm. The instruction recommends to use it for bacterial infections in ophthalmology and ENT-practice. Assign it to adults and children after a year. But this is a fairly strong drug with contraindications and side effects. Therefore, in pharmacies only by prescription can be purchased "Ciprofarm."The instruction will help to understand how to apply it, and in what cases it is better not to use it.
Features of the drug
The main active substance of the drug is ciprofloxacin. Like all fluoroquinolones, it acts on the DNA of bacterial cells. therefore has a very effective effect. Most of all, "Ciprofarm" is active against gram-negative bacteria, even those that are resistant to other antibiotics. The drug acts locally, so it is almost not absorbed and rarely causes systemic side effects. It accumulates in the tissues of the ear and eye fluids, clearing them of microorganisms. Ciprofloxacin weakly acts on anaerobic bacteria, and fungi and viruses are insensitive to it. Therefore, the question of the appropriateness of prescribing this particular drug can only be solved by a doctor.
In what form can I buy the drug?
Most often, "Cypropharm" can be found in the form of drops, intended for the treatment of ocular and ear diseases. They are available in plastic bottles of 5 or 10 mililiters. In addition to the active substance, such drops contain additional components: sodium dihydrogenphosphate, benzalkonium chloride, sorbitol. Sometimes there is another form of the drug "Ciprofarm" - ointment. The instruction recommends the use of it mainly for the treatment of eye infections. This is quite convenient: a pea ointment is pawned behind the lower eyelid. The drug does not spread and therefore acts more efficiently. But most often the drug is used in the form of drops.
When is it applied?
The agent is recommended to use:
- for acute bacterial external otitis;
- with otitis media;
- with chronic purulent otitis media;
- with ulceration of the cornea of the eye;
- with blepharitis, blepharoconjunctivitis;
- keratite and keraukonjuktivite;
- for the prevention of bacterial infections in surgical interventions in the ear cavity and in ophthalmology.
In some cases, doctors prescribe to drip "Tsiprofarm" in the nose. This helps both with otitis and with adenoids. These drops well destroy the bacterial microflora in the nasopharynx cavity, which is connected with the middle ear.
Side effects of
Especially often negative reactions occur on eye drops "Tsiprofarm."Instruction for use describes them as a small discomfort, the sensation of a foreign body in the eye, the itching and redness of the cornea. Very rarely, and there are side effects such as reduced visual acuity, eyelid edema, lacrimation and photophobia. There are negative effects after dropping into the ear drops "Tsiprofarm."The instruction notes that most often it is an itch in the external auditory canal, sometimes there may be ringing in the ears or soreness in the region of the tympanic membrane. If the product is misused, there may be system-wide side effects:
- allergic reactions, up to anaphylactic shock;
- urticaria, rash or dermatitis;
- nausea or vomiting;
- unpleasant taste in the mouth;
Can everyone apply the drug?
Usually, all patients are well tolerated by "Tsiprofarm."Instruction for use notes that it is contraindicated only to those who have an individual intolerance of the components of the drug. In addition, during pregnancy and breast-feeding, it is also not recommended to use these drops."Tsiprofarm" is used for children quite often, although in some instructions it is indicated that it is contraindicated for patients under 15 years of age. But in any case, without the appointment of a doctor, do not use such strong antibiotics, especially for young children. After all, you still need to know what is the cause of inflammation, as with viral and fungal diseases such drugs can only go bad, exacerbating the disease.
"Ciprofarm": eye drops
The instruction recommends the use of the drug for various bacterial infections in ophthalmology. Usually it is used 4 times a day, digging in 1-2 drops in each conjunctival sac. In severe cases, it is permissible to use eye drops "Tsiprofarm" for the first two days every two hours. A special treatment regimen is indicated for corneal ulcers. The drug in this case drip 2 drops: the first 6 hours every 15 minutes, then until the end of the day every 30 minutes. On the second day of treatment, you need to do this every hour. Further - according to the usual scheme, "Tsiprofarm" is being dripped. Instruction for use recommends after the drug is firmly closed eyelids, to reduce the likelihood of rapid absorption of ciprofloxacin in the blood and the occurrence of side effects. Treatment with the drug should not last longer than two weeks, but usually enough and seven days. What else do you need to know to those who use "Tsiprofarm"( eye drops)?The instruction does not recommend using contact lenses during treatment. And if this can not be avoided, then you need to remove them before digging in, and insert it not earlier than 15 minutes.
"Ciprofarm" for the treatment of otitis
The drug is used for external and medium acute bacterial otitis. Even neglected inflammation, which can not be treated by other antibacterial drops, passes after the patient begins to drip "Tsiprofarm"( ear drops).The instruction recommends doing this 4 drops twice a day. In case the patient is shown using tampons in the ears, the dose can be doubled for the first time. When burying the patient should lie on his side. After installation, it is recommended to stay in this position for another 10 minutes. Sometimes the treatment is that they do not drip Tsiprofarm. The instruction allows to enter the drug by wetting gauze tampons and inserting them into the external auditory meatus. They change 2 times a day. Do not continue treatment for more than 10 days, otherwise a bacterial microflora resistant to antibiotics may develop.
Features of application
- When using the drug, you can not touch the tip of the bottle to the skin, eyelids or external auditory meatus so that it does not become contaminated with bacteria.
- Before instillation of the drug in the ear, it is necessary to warm the bottle for a while in the hand.
- Sometimes photosensitization, that is, sensitivity to sunlight, may occur during the application of the drug. It is recommended in this case to stop using "Tsiprofarm".
- In case of an overdose, prolonged or frequent use of a drug without prescribing a doctor, it is possible to develop microflora insensitive to antibiotics.
- Drops of "Ciprofarm" are incompatible with alkaline solutions, therefore complex treatment with several drugs can be prescribed only by a doctor. And in any case, between the instillation of two drugs must pass at least 15 minutes.
- After opening the bottle, drops can be used only for 4 weeks.
"Tsiprofarm" for children
The instruction recommends the use of the drug only for children over the age of one year. In pediatric practice, these drops are often prescribed for various bacterial infections, because they are usually well tolerated. The dose for a small child under 12 years must be reduced: in the ear drip no more than 3 drops 2 times a day, and in the eye - 1-2 drops. Doctors prescribe the drug to babies from birth in the treatment of ophthalmic disease, and when otitis media - only after a year. This is explained by the fact that "Ciprofarm" is quite safe, but effective. Instruction for children in the nose recommends to drip it as an auxiliary for otitis, laryngitis or the presence of adenoids. Very well, it cleans the nasopharyngeal cavity from bacterial microflora and quickly helps to relieve inflammation. The drug is usually well tolerated, but in any case it should only be used as directed by the doctor.
In case of ocular and ear infections, "Ciprofarm" is quite effective. Doctors often prescribe it, as it is well tolerated and rarely causes side effects. Patients dripping "Tsiprofarm" note that pain in the ear is already on the second day, and with eye infections, redness and itching quickly disappear. In some cases, especially with otitis in young children, the drug is prescribed for instillation into the nose. So it is tolerated better, but does not become less effective. But there are also negative reviews. Some patients note that "Tsiprofarm" does not help, and when instilled in the nose it dries strongly the mucous and causes burning sensation. But more often such effect is connected with application of a preparation without doctor's appointment. Most likely, the inflammation in this case was caused not by bacteria, but by viruses or fungi. But the cause of this can also be the individual intolerance to ciprofloxacin. Therefore, the drug can be used only as directed by a doctor.