Essentiale in ampoules: instructions for use, analogues and reviews
According to the instructions for use, "Essentiale" in ampoules is a drug from the group of hepatoprotectors, which contains phospholipids of natural properties, constantly needed by the body from the outside, since in its cells such compounds can not be synthesized. These elements are called essential. They can be compared with the necessary amino acids, which are constantly required by the human body and must be supplied with food.
Therapeutic effects of the drug Essentiale
The therapeutic effect of all varieties of Essentiale determines the phospholipids entering into its composition. Vitamins in the composition of the drug can not only enhance the effects of these important components, but also make up for their deficiency in organs and tissues. Thus, vitamins play a significant role in the main therapeutic effect of the drug in question. To give readers an idea of how this drug should look, we provide a photo of "Essentiale" in ampoules. Instructions for use in this article, we'll look at all the details.
To begin with, we note that the phospholipids that make up Essential are normally substances that make up the structure of the cell membrane. Directly phospholipids are complex organic compounds that have a short "head" of phosphatidylcholine and long tails from unsaturated fatty acids such as linolenic and oleic. It is worth mentioning that the structure of phospholipids resemble spermatozoa, only in contrast to them have two tails, which consist of fatty acids. The instructions for use with Essential in ampoules describe in some detail the principle of their action for liver health.
So, phospholipids line up in a certain number with their "tails" in the direction of one side, and "heads" in the direction of the other. After that, two similar series are joined together by "tails" in such a way that their "heads" turn out to be turned inside the cell, that is, into the cytoplasm, and the second part is deployed into the intercellular space. This is indicated in the instructions for "Essential" in ampoules. It is important to note that cats can also be given this drug.
Thus, phospholipids are required for the construction of cell membranes in the human body. In the event that they are not enough, the membranes will prove to be fragile, so that substances that are unnecessary to them can get into the cells, which will provoke their death. The result of damage to the membrane is premature cell death. This confirms to the "Essential" in the ampoules instruction manual. The description of the action of the drug can be continued.
In view of the fact that the phospholipids after the absorption process in the intestine turn out to be primarily in the liver, it is here that they are built into the membranes, improving their properties and normalizing the structure. In improving the quality of the structure of cells, as well as in increasing their endurance, the hepatoprotective effect of the drug Essentiale Forte in ampoules consists. The instructions for use also describe these features of the preparation.
Due to the positive effect on the structure of cells, the drug reduces the number of dead liver elements. This helps to normalize the functioning of the body, creating all the prerequisites for its effective work in the future. In other words, Essentiale, as it were, prolongs the vital activity of the cells, providing an improvement in the functioning of the liver for a very long period, until the phospholipid stock does not end, and the necessary elements do not begin to die again in large numbers.
Against the background of the use of the drug in question, the normalization of laboratory parameters of liver functions on the basis of hepatitis, fatty degeneration, cirrhosis is noted, and, in addition, the resistance of cells to toxic effects is increased. In addition to the normalization of the indices, under the influence of Essentiale in ampoules( according to the instructions for use), the severity of necrosis, as well as the inflammation that occurs in the liver tissues, decreases.
Thus, the effects that the agent has on the liver are expressed in the following results:
- The integrity of the liver cell membrane is being restored.
- The normal integrity of the liver cell membrane is preserved, as well as its structure.
- Activates the work of membrane enzymes, which provide transportation of various substances both to the interior of the cell and outwards.
- Improves lipid and protein metabolism.
- The reserves of glycogen accumulated in the liver are increasing.
- The detoxification function of the liver is improving, that is, there is an increase in the ability of the liver to render harmless all kinds of toxic substances, in particular medicines. This is confirmed to the preparation "Essentiale" in ampoules instruction manual for use and reviews.
- There is a process of converting cholesterol and other fats that are capable of causing atherosclerosis into other less dangerous forms, easily eliminated by cells designed for energy production.
- The need of the liver for excessive energy is reduced.
- Reduced or completely eliminated fatty infiltration of hepatocytes.
- Reduces the risk of sclerosis, fibrosis and cirrhosis of the liver.
- The chemical and physical properties of bile are normalized, in the process of which its lithogenicity is reduced, that is, the ability of bile to form stones in the bladder.
In addition to the effects of a positive effect on the liver, all versions of the drug Essential Forte in ampoules( the instructions for use confirm this) can have the following effect on other organs and body systems:
- Diminishes, as well as the total number of atherosclerotic plaques due to the normalization of the volume of lipoproteins asincreased, and low density in the blood thanks to "Essentiale" in ampoules. The instructions for use also mention this important property of the drug.
- The fluidity of the blood is normalized, which reduces its viscosity on this background.
- Cholesterol is excreted from atherosclerotic plaques.
- The clinical signs of diabetes mellitus decrease.
The good tolerability of Essentiale makes it possible to recommend it for use not only to improve the quality of functions, along with the liver, but also as a general strengthening agent, which significantly increases the body's resistance to certain diseases.
How to apply the drug correctly
As the instruction indicates, "Essentiale" in ampoules is a solution that is used for intravenous administration and contains the same amount of phospholipids - two hundred and fifty milligrams in each ampoule. Solution for injection is administered only intravenously. In no case can it be administered by intramuscular or subcutaneous route, since there is a high likelihood of irritation.
Adult person can enter just two ampoules. Against the background of mild or moderate severity of various diseases, due to which Essentiale was appointed, the solution should be administered one to two ampoules per day. If a person's condition is severe, the dosage should be doubled. The maximum possible single dose for adults is two ampoules, and the daily dose is four. This confirms the instructions for use to the ampoules "Essentiale Forte N".
Children between the ages of three and six receive two milligrams of solution once a day, and children between the ages of seven and twelve can use twice the daily dose. If the daily dosage includes no more than two ampoules, then they are administered at one time. When the daily norm of Essentiale is four ampoules, they are taken in two in the morning and in the evening. Intravenous solutions of this drug should be administered no more than one month, and for further continuation of the course should go to take the capsules. This is indicated in the instructions for the use of "Essentiale N" in ampoules.
Immediately before administration, the solution from ampoules is important to dilute in a ratio of one to one blood of the patient or a solution of five percent glucose or dextrose. True, a solution of glucose and dextrose can be used only when it is impossible to dilute "Essentiale" with human blood. Do not dilute this drug product with solutions of salts, such as, for example, physiological or Ringer's fluid. In addition, it is impossible to mix the drug solution with other medicines in the same syringe.
In the event that Essentiale is diluted with a solution of glucose or dextrose, it is necessary to carefully monitor its transparency throughout the injection. If the turbidity of the substance is noticeable, it is necessary to stop its administration by removing the needle from the vein and discard the remnants of the drug, the missing quantity is then injected from the new ampoule.
"Essentiale" solution is injected with a jet method, do this slowly, at a rate not exceeding one milligram per minute. For the introduction, a site with qualitative veins is selected. The elbow fold area is best suited. However, if a solution can not be inserted into the veins of the ulnar region, then another area is selected, for example, the back of the feet, or a hand and so on.
Against the backdrop of acute liver disease, therapy lasts from one to three months, depending on the speed of recovery. With chronic liver damage, the course of use of "Essentiale N" in ampoules according to the instructions for use is no less than six months. If necessary, repeat the treatment.
Specific guidance for the drug
Since all varieties of "Essentiale" contain phospholipids, which are obtained from natural soybeans, they are theoretically capable of provoking one or another allergic reaction. Patients prone to such, should be careful when using "Essentiale."At the first manifestations of the development of allergic reactions, it is necessary to immediately stop the use of the drug and consult a doctor.
The solution contains some of the ethyl alcohol used in the extraction of phospholipids from beans. The volume of ethyl alcohol content is insignificant and does not cause any reactions that are peculiar to alcohol. During the whole period of therapy it is important to refrain from using any substances that adversely affect the liver, for example, alcohol, drugs and so on. This is indicated in the instructions for use of the "Essentiale" in ampoules. Contraindications must be taken into account.
Against the backdrop of chronic hepatitis, the drug can be used only if the person's condition improves. For children, it is prohibited to use ampoule solutions for intravenous injection up to three years. The prohibition of use at such a small age is associated with the content of benzyl alcohol in the composition, which is capable of provoking the formation of the Gaspings syndrome with a subsequent fatal outcome. What else does the instructions for the application to "Essentiale N" in ampoules tell us?
Side effects of
Medication, as a rule, are well tolerated and rarely causes any side effects, however, if they occur, immediately stop using this medication and consult your doctor.
The side effects of ampoule solutions that are used for intravenous injection include the following symptomatology:
- Allergic reactions of the body, such as various rashes, itching and exanthema along with urticaria.
- The appearance of irritation in the area of injection.
- Diarrhea on the background of the use of large doses of ampoule solution.
Effect of the drug on the ability to drive a car
Ampoules "Essential" do not have any negative effect on the ability of the driver to manage all sorts of mechanisms and cars, including. For this reason, during the entire period of the use of this drug, a person can calmly and without fear engage in any activity that requires a high rate of reactions, as well as concentration of attention.
This describes the instructions for use for the drug Essentiale in ampoules.
Overdose for the entire period of clinical use of the drug has not been documented once. However, according to theoretical information, the symptoms of overdose are an increase in the manifestation of possible side effects.
In order to eliminate the symptoms of an overdose, stop taking the medication completely and perform symptomatic therapy that will be aimed at maintaining normal functioning of the vital organs of a person.
Instruction for use of analogues to "Essential" in ampoules does not describe, we will discuss them below.
Interaction of Essentiale with other drugs
Ampoule solution for intravenous administration is able to interact with anticoagulants, that is substances that reduce blood clotting, while enhancing their effect. For this reason, in the context of the simultaneous use of these products, it is desirable to reduce the dosage of the anticoagulant.
In view of the fact that the main active substance of the drug is phospholipids, analogues of this drug will be other medicinal products that contain the same substances as their active components. True, some drugs besides phospholipids also contain vitamins. Thus, medications that contain only phospholipids serve as analogues to Essentiale N and Essentiale Forte N.And those of them that include in their composition and phospholipids and vitamin complex, are analogues of "Essentiale" and "Essentiale Forte."Instructions for use indicate which analogues can be used.
The pharmaceutical market offers a wide range of all kinds of "Essentiale" analogues, which include drugs from the category of hepatoprotectors, in which the active components are not phospholipids, but other substances with the most similar list of effects, as well as therapeutic effects.
Thus, the following medicinal products are the analogues of Essential forte N in ampoules( the instruction for use is in each package):
- "Bondjigar" in capsules and in the form of syrup.
- "Dipan" in the form of tablets.
- Dragee "Karsil".
- Solution for injection "Laennek".
- "Gepafit" in the form of a vegetable collection for cooking infusions.
- Solution for injection "Metrop GP".
- Capsules "Progepar".
- "Rosilimarin" in tablets.
- Capsules, rectal suppositories, and also "Tykveol" oil.
- Capsules Holenol.
- Mortar and tablets "Elkar".
These are all analogues of Essentiale in ampoules. Instructions for use and feedback are of interest to many.
Among the analogues to the cheapest products, the cost of which does not exceed three hundred rubles, include the following products:
- "Livolife forte."
- "Brentcialle forte".
"Liv 52" and "Karsil" preparations are recognized as the most purchased and also cheap analogues.
According to the instructions for use, "Essentiale Forte N" in ampoules is a medical product from the category of hepatoprotectors, which is designed to maintain healthy functioning of the liver, and in addition to preventing the occurrence of cirrhosis due to chronic diseases of this organ."Essentiale" perfectly copes with the tasks assigned to it and ensures the improvement of the patient's well-being after regular courses of treatment. True, like other drugs, it does not serve a universal and perfectly suitable absolutely everything. That is why the question of which medicines is better than "Essentiale", from the point of view of specialists, is not correct.
To answer this question, you should know all the features, as well as the reactions of one or another person to all kinds of drugs from the category of hepatoprotectors. Only then will it be possible to identify a group of drugs that are best suited to the patient. Then it should be followed, which particular drug has the greatest possible therapeutic effect, without causing any side effects. It is this drug that will serve the best therapeutic agent for this particular patient.
Thus, to answer in general what medicines will be better than "Essential", meaning all patients who suffer from liver diseases, it is impossible, since the organism of each person is individual. In general, Essentiale is one of the best hepatoprotectors available on the pharmaceutical market.
Treatment of cats and dogs
The instruction for the use of Essential in ampoules for cats and dogs says that the preparation for animals is used intravenously. It can not be used intramuscularly( a local reactogenic reaction is possible).The standard dose is taken on the basis of 0.2-0.5 ml / kg of body weight once a day for five to ten days. Severe form of hepatopathy involves the use of intravenously twice a day for a couple of weeks. Diluted drug autoflow or a solution of dextrose.
Over ninety percent of reviews on the drug on the Internet are positive, which can be attributed to the high degree of effectiveness of Essentiale in ampoules. In the instructions for use, the drug description is well represented.
In their reviews, people write that the drug perfectly supports the normal functioning of the liver, and against the background of regular use prevents the appearance of any unpleasant clinical symptoms. In addition, Essentiale, when used for prolonged courses in the case of cirrhosis and hepatitis, can stop the progression of diseases, while not allowing them to move to more severe stages, which extends human life and maintains its quality.
In separate reviews indicate that with the use of Essential in ampoules intramuscularly( the instruction for use confirms this) during pregnancy, the product allows you to eliminate the problem of false positive results with respect to hepatitis C. In addition, during the bearing of the child, Essentiale suppresses the manifestations of toxicosis, supportingnormal state of health of a woman.
We should also emphasize the reviews about Essential, which relate to the use of the product in order to restore liver function against the background of overeating, taking antibiotics, excessive consumption of alcohol and other drugs, and in addition, to eliminate bitterness in the mouth, pain in the right hypochondrium and in the strugglewith a lack of appetite. These reviews refer to the fact that people are feeling better, the stool is normalized, pain and rashes on the skin are lost. In addition, it is noted that the appearance of appetite is fixed some time after the beginning of the therapy of Essentiale, which occurs at least two to three weeks later.
Negative reviews about Essential are rather few and are due to two main factors - the lack of the expected clinical result or the conviction of buyers that this drug is a relatively old remedy, as there are many more effective hepatoprotectors at the moment.
We have reviewed the instructions for use with the "Essential" in ampoules.