Prostate biopsy as the most reliable way to diagnose cancer
Do urologists in professional folklore have a joke that the nature of absence of the uterus in men compensated for the presence of the prostate to equalize the possible number of health problems. As they say, in every joke - only a joke. At least 80% of men at the age of fifty years have any deviations in this body. Male suspiciousness is in no way inferior to that of a woman, and even the most innocent problems associated with frequent or incomplete urination, for the majority of the strongest half can shake the balance of the psyche, and the absence of potency is completely perceived as a catastrophe. Therefore, any disease of the prostate is under the close attention of both the urologist and his patient. In the case when the latter is suspected of prostate cancer, from the proper diagnosis of the presence and stage of development of this serious disease, very much depends on preserving not only the health, but also the full life of the patient.
Another general medical black humor indicates that the most correct diagnosis is an autopsy. In modern diagnostics, everything is not so gloomy, and the puncture of tissue taken from the most characteristic points of the prostate gland guarantees the establishment of an accurate diagnosis in the patient long before it reaches the pathologist. This outpatient manipulation is known as prostate biopsy, and causes its potential victims a particular concern. And in vain. The puncture of the prostate puncture, in the case of its professional conduct, passes in patients almost painlessly, at least if we compare it with a procedure known as a testicular biopsy. The only problem in this case is some inconvenience for the doctor and the patient during the manipulation, because the shortest way to get to the prostate is possible only through the anus, using a passage in the rectum.
Generally speaking, prostate biopsy is not performed spontaneously, according to an arbitrary decision of the urologist. There are only two circumstances that are quite objective in this decision: an increased level of PSA( a specific antigen that indicates the possible presence of cancers in the prostate) and the presence of characteristic seals of the prostate tissue, revealed during its ultrasound examination or with a palpation performed rectally. But even in these cases, prostate biopsy is not performed, if the patient has active inflammatory processes in the rectum, frequent hemorrhoidal bleeding or prostatitis has acquired an acute phase. There are many contraindications to manipulation, but the most competent in this matter is always the treating urologist. Without fail, he will first assign an analysis to a biopsy before deciding to do it. He also has a priority in determining recommendations for the preparation for the forthcoming biopsy.
Prostate biopsy is known in urology for a long time, but until recently it was conducted fairly primitively, controlling the process of sampling tissue samples with the fingers. This method of conducting a biopsy is called blind and, most often, it turns out to be ineffective in the end. However, its use in modern urology is extremely rare in the most technically backward clinics. If the control is carried out by means of ultrasound scanning, then such a biopsy of the prostate is considered polyfocal and tissue samples in this case are taken from twelve different points of the body of the prostate. This is the most common method, which is better than only the so-called 3D prostate biopsy, when samples are obtained from 24 points. But this is the prerogative of the most advanced clinics. In any case, the analysis of tissue samples obtained with biopsy will give the most objective analysis of the patient's prostate gland and the methods of necessary treatment.