Roseola is. .. Description, features, symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment
Roseola is a viral disease that occurs mostly in young children. Pseudorabrasion, a three-day fever, a sudden exanthema, or a sixth disease are synonymous with roseola. The causative agent of the infection is the herpesvirus of the 6th type( HHV-6B).
This disease is mainly characteristic of children under two years old. And for adults this is a very rare phenomenon. There is not much information about this infection, it is at the research stage. Scientists have established that every person on earth suffers from this disease. However, its flow occurs in all different ways. Many people are interested in the question: Roseola is what? The answer is in this article.
It is accompanied by a rash, therefore before it was taken for the usual reaction of the child's body to medications. Let's see what the Roseola is. What symptoms are accompanied. Every parent is obliged to know what it is like to know how to help a child when faced with this disease.
Roseola - what is it?
Roseola is a childhood illness. Its main feature is that diagnostics cause difficulties. Get the disease can be airborne or by contact with the sick. Two weeks is its incubation period, in which it can manifest itself.
Infectious disease appears with the help of the herpes virus. With her, the patient may develop a fever, a rash appears on the skin, as well as other symptoms. In the risk group - children aged from six months to three years. However, there were cases when the roseola affected the adult patients. Many of those who underwent this disease, suffered from chronic fatigue.
It is also called "three-day fever".Diagnosis causes difficulties, as the fever may be hiding behind another disease. For example, according to the symptoms, it is similar to rubella, an allergy or a common cold. Without special tests and diagnostic measures, it can not be detected. So the roseola is childish. Symptoms are discussed in more detail below.
Fever runs quite easily in young children and almost never leaves consequences. For children who have not reached the age of three, the disease does not require the use of special medications. For the rest, the use of antiviral medicines is mandatory in order to overcome the disease. It is worth to be afraid of cramps, which it can provoke. Since this, in turn, can lead to disturbances in the work of the central nervous system.
As already mentioned, roseola is an infectious disease. The duration of the incubation period is about one week on average, in rare cases - two weeks. Children who are less than three years old are most at risk. The acute form of the disease causes considerable discomfort to the child. In this case, there is a certain symptomatology.
- Body temperature rises to 39 degrees and does not recede for 3 days.
- Cramps appear.
- Lymph nodes significantly increase.
So the baby's organism resists the infection that develops inside it. There is also swelling of the mucosa in the nasopharynx. That's why many people consider her a common cold.
A week later the child is going through. The following symptoms are very rare:
- common cold;
- sore throat;
- swelling of the eyelids.
In case of roseola, the symptoms and treatment depend on the age of the patient. Young children carry it much easier. In children, the disease is accompanied by a rash that does not go away until four days. Babies over the age of seven do not tolerate the disease.
The following changes are noted in the adult case:
- drowsiness occurs;
- there is a syndrome of constant fatigue;
- the liver can be enlarged.
Body temperature with infection
Roseola is a disease that is very important to determine by the first symptoms. And it is primarily a high fever, it keeps the patient for 3 days. On average, it reaches 39 degrees and does not get lost with the help of special medicines.
Parents often attribute these symptoms to the fact that the children are chopped or they get rubella. The main difference is that this infection has a body temperature of not more than 38 degrees. But to distinguish the roseola from the cutting teeth is very difficult. This can be done only after a few days, when the concomitant symptomatology is formed.
What other symptoms of roseola disease?
It is important that at a constant temperature, do not give the baby medicines that lower the temperature. The kid just needs rest and bed rest. Under these conditions, the infection itself will disappear. Such symptomatology causes the child to have weakness of the whole organism, and in particular:
- he badly eats;
- he has no desire to do anything;
- there are severe headaches.
In order to ease the child's condition, the patient can be given "Paracetamol" in the form of a suspension, it will help to slightly reduce pain. It is not recommended to give him the previously popular "Aspirin", since it has a negative effect on the work of the gastrointestinal tract and destroys the cells of the brain.
The main symptom of the disease is expressed in the coating of the skin with a rash. It has a small shape and a slightly pinkish color. In small amounts poured on the face and neck, and the main rash is manifested on the abdomen and back. Acne does not interfere with life, so they do not need to be treated. At the same time they pass and do not harm the skin.
- spots of pink or red;
- the size is from 2 to 5 millimeters;
- their edges are uneven;
- because they are located very close to each other, it seems that this is one spot. On the first day of the disease, it is impossible to understand that roseola develops in the body. More precisely, you can understand when the rash all the same manifested itself. You should check your suspicions with one method. On the pimple itself, you need to press and hold for 15 seconds, if it turns pale after releasing your finger, then you can rest assured that it's roseola. If it remained red, then this indicates another disease. In any case, you should undergo a medical examination and take the necessary tests.
Here's how the roseola in children. Symptoms and treatment are often interrelated.
The incubation period lasts up to a maximum of 14 days, while the child can observe the following changes:
- fast fatigue and tearfulness;
- the child can begin to be capricious for no reason;
- eyelids strongly swollen;
- everything was red in the mouth;
- the child refuses to eat;
- the body temperature rose sharply.
You can not diagnose a disease at home. For its detection, it is necessary to pass tests and undergo a complete examination. The blood test will show a deviation from the norm, the level of leukocytes will decrease by 4 g / l, and the lymphocytes will increase by 40 g / l. Also, the health worker is required to take an analysis for the presence of antibodies and to determine if there is an infection agent.
What is the treatment for the diagnosis of roseola?
Here the main thing is to remember that with this infection it is impossible to reduce the temperature, so do not give the child many drugs to lower it. Temperature after a few days itself comes back to normal. Doctors mistakenly can diagnose "rubella".The difference is that with rubella spots are spread over the body everywhere, and with roseola mostly on the stomach and back. Also these diseases are distinguished by such signs:
- acne does not itch and does not cause discomfort;
- can disappear within a few hours;
- no peeling occurs.
If a child has a disease, it is necessary to create the right conditions under which it will recede for several days:
1. Compliance with bed rest.
2. Ensuring complete peace of mind.
3. The room in which the patient is located should be constantly ventilated.
After the baby gets sick with this infection, he develops immunity to her and later he can not get sick.
In adults, the rash looks like a solid spot. Reminds of an allergy to food or medicines. An adult patient can not do without special treatment. A baby can have only a few spots, which parents often do not pay attention to. How does roseola appear in adults? Symptoms are practically absent, there is no temperature change, and the rash does not appear. Only there is a general malaise in the body.
Possible consequences of
If the patient complies with bed rest, there are no consequences. Otherwise, roseola can lead to the development of sepsis. Also, the disease can provoke a disruption of the central nervous system, due to the fact that cramps are possible. This may be in children who have not reached the age of two years.
In self-treatment, parents start giving the child a lot of all kinds of drugs, not realizing that they have side effects and can adversely affect their health.
Useful advices for
So, what can not parents do:
- to bring down the temperature;
- grease pimples with various creams;
- make you eat;
- to refuse from a hard quarantine at home.
The infection itself is not required to be treated, it is necessary to strengthen immunity. For this you can drink vitamins. For the patient it will be good to follow a diet:
- chicken broth;
- puree from vegetables;
- tinctures made on berries, herbs and fruits.
A child in this state can be a lot of capricious and fail to observe the regime of the day. Parents should be lenient towards this. In no case should you force a child to work, feed him excessively. His body is weakened, so doing it will be very hard for him. In addition, this can lead to complications.
You should see a doctor so that he confirms or refutes the diagnosis. An adult patient needs special treatment, which can only be prescribed by a doctor.
We considered such a disease as roseola in children. Treatment is also described.