Effective wound-healing ointments: rapid effect. Medications
Skin covers are often exposed to injuries of varying severity. Accelerate the recovery of special wound healing ointments. The rapid effect of their use can be observed only in the case of a properly selected method of treatment and compliance with the rules for the treatment of damaged epidermis. It is worth to understand more in detail what types of ointments are used for a certain kind of wounds. Consider the most effective and popular means.
Indications for the use of wound healing agents
The skin performs a protective function, preventing the entry of pathogens into the body. Violation of the integrity of the dermis can lead to serious consequences. The wound is the open door for infection. Therefore, it is so important to take timely measures and begin treatment of the damaged area.
To get damaged skin is easy enough, even if you strictly follow the safety rules. And in childhood, getting injured is even easier, and it does not depend on what sex a child is. Wound healing should be in the first aid kit of each family. Apply it to the following indications:
- burns of different etiologies;
- cuts, scratches;
- purulent wounds;
- trophic ulcers;
- chronic dermatoses( erosion, ulcers, eczema);
- skin dryness;
- cracks on the fingers and heels.
Ointment, healing wounds, promotes the speedy regeneration of damaged skin and the return of a person to normal life. Therefore, in some cases, a miracle can not be dispensed with. It should be borne in mind that in severe conditions it is better to seek medical help, rather than engage in self-medication, which often leads to negative consequences.
Purulent wound: how to treat?
To the development of a purulent process leads to infection with streptococci, E. coli and staphylococci. Bacteria can get into the wound from clothes, dirty hands or the ground. In this case, they talk about primary infection. If the rules of dressing are not observed, the pathogenic microflora can also penetrate the body and give impetus to the development of suppuration( secondary infection).
The beginning of a purulent process is indicated by excrement from the wound of exudate. This fluid contains a large number of bacteria, cellular elements. Treatment consists in constant washing, draining( if necessary), applying antibacterial agents and liniments that contribute to the process of regeneration of the cover.
Ointment with purulent wounds should prevent the reproduction of bacteria, reduce the inflammatory process, promote the excretion of exudate, and provide a restoring effect. Antiseptic drugs should be used first.
Treatment for purulent wounds
The most effective are multicomponent ointments, which purify the damaged surface from pus and accelerate the healing process.
The proven tools include:
- Ichthyol ointment is a disinfector and antiseptic in one preparation. Effectively fights against staphylococcus, streptococcus and yeast-like fungi, which are the causative agents of purulent processes on the skin. You can apply ointment for deep wounds in the form of applications. A few hours after application, inflammation and pain syndrome are significantly reduced.
- Ointment Vishnevsky - despite the weak antiseptic effect, the product is still well established and is used to draw a purulent exudate from a damaged skin surface. In the role of antiseptic, the composition of the drug is xeroform, and birch tar contributes to better nutrition of tissues and blood circulation. Liniment is in demand due to its natural composition and is used when it is necessary to treat burns, bedsores, purulent processes, dermatoses, gynecological pathologies and during the recovery period after surgery.
- Ointment "Biopin" - the main active substance of the remedy is the resin of relict pines, which possesses a powerful wound healing property. Additional components - beeswax, olive oil and pork fat - help to relieve inflammation, accelerate the regeneration of tissues. Natural components in the preparation are well tolerated by the body. In case of hypersensitivity may cause a slight allergic reaction.
- Streptocide Ointment is an effective antimicrobial agent used to treat various wounds and skin diseases. It should be borne in mind that the therapeutic effect is possible only if the skin damage has a bacterial etiology.
Ointment with antibiotic: indications for use
Antibacterial ointments should be used in case of infection of the wound, when the suppuration began. Such drugs have a wide spectrum of action and detrimentally affect various types of pathogens. A wound healing ointment with an antibiotic will be effective for trophic ulcers, eczema, burns( temperature and chemical), inflammatory-purulent skin diseases( furunculosis, acne).Bacterial infection is also possible after surgery.
The agent has been used for many years to treat wounds of various etiologies. In its composition, the ointment contains an antibiotic chloramphenicol( levomycetin) and an immunostimulating substance - methyluracil. This universal drug, used in various fields of medicine, promotes the healing of the skin."Levomekol" is used to treat burns, trophic ulcers, purulent lesions of the epidermis. To prevent infection, ointment is treated with surgical sutures.
Active antibacterial component - levomycetin - has a wide spectrum of action. Gram-positive bacteria are sensitive to it, but on an ongoing basis, microorganisms become addicted and the effectiveness of the drug decreases.
Ointment that heals wounds( "Levomekol"), is applied to the damaged surface by a thin layer or is applied in the form of applications for treatment of purulent wounds. The course of therapy should not exceed 10 days( with the frequency of application 1-2 times per day).Under the supervision of a doctor, the ointment can be used during pregnancy.
Antibacterial ointment "Oflokain"
Combined drug, which includes ofloxacin and lidocaine, has antibacterial action. Efficacy extends to gram-negative and gram-positive microflora. Strong hypersmolar activity promotes the absorption of exudate and reduces inflammation. Lidocaine provides an analgesic effect.
"Oflokain" is an anesthetic ointment, wound healing. It is preferably used in the first phase of the wound process, when there is a strong release of exudate. Indications for prescribing the drug are postoperative wounds, trophic ulcers, burns of varying severity, purulent-inflammatory processes. They use ointment not only for in-patient treatment, but also for use in everyday life.
The agent should be applied directly to the damaged areas of the skin. It is also possible to lay impregnated tampons in the cavity of wounds of purulent etiology. The surface must first be treated with an antiseptic. When treating burns, the drug is applied 2-3 times a week, purulent wounds must be treated daily.
"Pimafukort": antibacterial hormonal ointment
Ointment "Pimafukort" is a combined preparation for the treatment of skin lesions. It contains a broad-spectrum antibiotic, neomycin, an antifungal agent natamitacin and a glucocorticosteroid-hydrocortisone. Thanks to these components, "Pimafukort" can simultaneously destroy the pathogenic microflora( staphylococcus, klebsiella, enterococcus, proteus, yeast-like fungi) and have an antipruritic effect.
Most often, ointment is prescribed for the treatment of dermatoses, mycoses and associated infections. Despite the hormonal component in the composition, the remedy is used in pediatrics( if the child is older than 1 year), but only under the constant supervision of a specialist. The instruction prohibits applying the remedy to open wounds, ulcerous lesions, acne.
When is ointment with antibiotics prohibited?
It is not always possible to use antibacterial wound-healing ointments. A quick effect can be expected only if the patient has previously visited the doctor and received recommendations. Otherwise, when self-medication, serious complications for health, deterioration of the state are possible.
Antibacterial ointments are not applied to the skin if there is an increased sensitivity to the components of the drug. Some of them are allowed to be used during pregnancy, since active substances do not penetrate into the blood and have no systemic effect. These drugs include "Levomekol" and tetracycline ointment. If there is a hormone among the components( "Pimafukort", "Akriderm Genta") - ointment is prohibited. To avoid side effects, you should follow the dosage specified in the annotation. With caution use in pediatrics antibacterial wound-healing ointments.
For open wounds, it is not possible to use agents that contain a hormonal component. In this case, it is better to use non-steroid medication.
Treat cracks in
The main cause of cracks in the fingers is dry skin. Concomitant pathologies, such as diabetes mellitus, beriberi, eczema, only accelerate the process of their occurrence. Sometimes the tender skin between the toes is affected. In both cases, a correct approach to treatment is necessary.
Ointment for healing wounds and cracks is selected depending on the causes that caused pathology. Assign a tool to a specialist after the examination of the patient. However, the use of drugs is small - it is necessary to abandon the cosmetic and antibacterial soap, which only strengthen the dryness of the epidermis. It is better to buy a baby or hypoallergenic detergent without perfume.
In addition to ointments for the treatment of cracks, you can apply baths, make compresses and wraps. It is important to avoid skin contact with aggressive cleaning agents.
Ointment "Eplan": description
The drug does not contain antibiotics and hormones in its composition, like other wound-healing ointments. For open wounds this is an excellent antiseptic and anesthetic medicine. It can be used to treat frostbite, burns, finger cracks, bruises, cuts, etc. The main active substance of the ointment is glycolane.
According to the instructions, the product should be applied to the skin by a thin layer or to apply. Purulent wounds before applying the drug should be gently cleaned. For the treatment of cracks the agent can be used daily, in severe cases, applying it to gauze and applying it to the damaged area.
An essential advantage is the absence of hormones in the formulation."Eplan"( ointment for healing wounds and cracks) can be used for a long time. If necessary, the course of treatment can be more than 4 weeks. Contraindications include only individual intolerance of individual components of the drug.
Than to treat wounds on a mucous surface?
Injuries to the mucosa require immediate treatment, because getting an infection can slow the process of epithelialization and lead to complications. Well-established drug "Actovegin", accelerating the regeneration of tissues.
Wound healing mucosa ointments should have antiseptic properties. When applied to a damaged surface, such agents can cause slight tingling. This feeling passes in a few minutes and is not an excuse for the drug's withdrawal.
Ointment "Actovegin" is prescribed for various burns, trophic ulcers, bedsores, mucous membrane damages. According to the instruction, it can be used for the treatment of children. Among the side effects, patients occasionally notice itching or hives.
Ointment with silver ions
Silver-based agents have a good antimicrobial effect. They accelerate the process of regeneration, prevent the development of necrosis. Representative of this group of drugs is "Argosulfan"( ointment with silver).To heal wounds, it should be applied 2 times a day to the damaged skin itself or to use the application method. The active component of the agent - sulfatiazole with silver ions - blocks the process of multiplying pathological bacteria.
"Argosulfan" is a bactericidal ointment that can be used for various burns, frostbite, trophic ulcers and minor injuries in the form of grazes, wounds, cracks, scratches. Ingredients of the preparation rarely cause an allergic reaction, but with increased sensitivity it is better to abandon its use. In pediatrics, the drug can be administered to children over the age of 2 months. During pregnancy, the ointment is not advisable.
The best ointment for wounds: how to choose?
The person already from the early childhood faces various damages of a dermal surface, after all to avoid a trauma more often happens simply it is simply impossible. To ensure that the process of regeneration is not delayed and there were no painful sensations, it is necessary to select wound-healing ointments. The rapid effect depends not only on the remedy itself, but also on the individual characteristics of the human skin.
Minor injuries, cuts, abrasions and scratches can be treated on their own, but if a large area of skin has been injured, a doctor can not do without. Tendons, vessels, muscles can be affected, and only an expert can establish this.
When choosing an ointment, it should be borne in mind that they are all classified according to the etiology of the lesion and the stage of the wound process. When inflammation it is necessary to use antiseptics, antimicrobials. Ointment for a deep wound should be antibacterial and anesthetizing, but such therapy passes only under strict medical supervision.
The last stage of the wound process is the regeneration( repair) of damaged tissues. In this case, the means that accelerate healing will work.
The best wound healing ointment is one that is universal and can be used to treat both adults and children. Such medicines can be safely called "Bepanten", "Eplan", "Panthenol".In order to subsequently not remain a scar, it is recommended to use special ointments and gels, for example, "Kontraktubeks"( after tightening the damaged surface).
Wraparound wound dressing: quick effect possible?
It is often possible to hear that after applying the ointment instead of the expected therapeutic effect, patients showed deterioration in the condition of damaged tissues. Suppuration can really begin in case of non-compliance with the rules for applying such medications. It is important to take into account the stage of the wound process, as each of them requires a special approach to treatment.
If pus is secreted from the wound, it is prohibited to apply the ointment without first cleaning the surface. Remove the exudate can be using an antiseptic( a solution of furacilin or chlorhexidine).By means of a large amount of wetting a tampon and gently washing the wound. Use antiseptic drugs and dressings, when it is necessary to painlessly separate the dressing from the damaged surface.
Ointment on the open wound is applied( only after stopping bleeding!) In a thin layer and cover with a clean dressing. As for the treatment of purulent deep wounds, it is advisable to lay the tampons soaked in medicine. If the product is previously applied to a layer of gauze folded in several layers, it is necessary to distribute it evenly and make sure that the layer is not thicker than 2-3 mm.
The dressing should be carried out daily and only with clean hands. In order not to damage the dried up wound, the material is pre-moistened with an antiseptic and left for a few minutes. This will help to remove the adherent bandage without additional injury. After that, the damaged area is treated with an antiseptic and the medicine is applied.
In no case should iodine, diamond greens or any alcohol-containing liquids be poured into the wound! With their help, only disinfect the skin adjacent to damage. They have no healing, antibacterial properties. A small wound can be treated on its own, but if a significant area of the skin is damaged, the therapy should be prescribed only by a doctor.