How is the analysis of HPV in women: a description of the procedure, features of the interview and feedback
Modern diseases require competent diagnosis. In doing so, it is necessary to comply with certain rules for the delivery of tests. Otherwise, the results may be false. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account the recommendations for conducting a particular study. Today, we'll figure out how to take an analysis of HPV in women and men. After all, this infection seriously affects human health. It must be diagnosed in time to avoid any kind of consequences. What should I look for before I do the research? How is the HPV test done? How does this infection manifest itself? In all this it is important to understand. Otherwise, as already mentioned, you will be given a false result.
What is papillomavirus?
Human papillomavirus is a serious infectious disease that is transmitted sexually. It is dangerous because it causes a variety of diseases and inflammations. Also on the body there are neoplasms - papillomas. For women, in some cases, this virus may be fatal - the risk of malignant tumors in the uterine cavity due to infection is high. Papilloma can easily develop into carcinoma.
Do not panic if you see a positive result on the virus. After all, infection and the manifestation of the disease are different concepts. Usually within a year the organism independently struggles with an illness, forming immunity. True, timely diagnosis does not hurt. After all, then you can choose the treatment, if necessary.
What are the methods of analysis for HPV( human papillomavirus)?There are several of them. But some of the studies are already outdated. Now only 3 methods of diagnostics are used. Some do not know exactly how to take tests, so they begin to panic beforehand. After all, papillomas can be found during a urine / blood test, as well as using scrapes. And, as practice shows, the latter option is relevant for both women and men. It is more accurate than the analysis of biological material( PCR diagnostics).True, he has many features. In them it is necessary to understand further.
How is the analysis of HPV( papillomavirus) in women taken? In fact, there is nothing wrong with that. Yes, and difficult, too. Yes, a little unpleasant, but not critical. The first option that can only be offered is the PCR analysis. The least unpleasant procedure. Its implementation depends on what kind of biological material you plan to provide.
Do you need to do an HPV test? How do they take it from women and men if PCR diagnostics is used? It is necessary, for example, to donate blood. But not from a finger, but from a vein. The procedure is not very painful. But for some reason she scares the patients more. True, the process of blood collection from the vein can be difficult with small vessels on the hands, especially in the elbow area.
Rules for donating blood for HPV
Now it is clear how to answer the question: an analysis for the papilloma( HPV) - what is it? How to take biological material, we also found out. But this is only one of the methods. What rules need to be remembered by donating blood to the papilloma? First, it is done on an empty stomach in the morning. You can neither drink nor eat - the probability of errors greatly increases. Secondly, in about 3-4 days, exclude from the diet allergen products. Thirdly, it is desirable to take a blood test from a vein early in the morning. So you will not still feel hungry. With you can take a chocolate and some kind of drink. They can be taken immediately after the procedure.
Advice on the location of
If you do not tolerate a material intake from the vein or if it is difficult to do it yourself, inform the nurses in advance. The procedure for the analysis of HPV blood in women and men is the same. Therefore, there is nothing to be ashamed of. You can ask for ammonia. The location on the chair for the analysis should be comfortable. No need to strain. This will only exacerbate the situation. Therefore, it is recommended to sit back and relax. Do not panic, the process does not bring pain.
Also, in some cases, specify whether it is possible to take a blood test from a vein on the HPV lying. If you very badly carry this process, please tell us that it will be easier for you in this situation. Lie on your back on the medical couch, give your nurse your hand and fulfill her requirements. By the way, not to be afraid, do not look at how you take a blood test. After the procedure, the place of the injection will be bandaged. Do not remove the bandage and do not strain your arm for an hour after taking blood from the vein. Otherwise, bleeding may occur.
How to pass the HPV test and determine its presence in the body? If the blood test does not suit you, you can bring urine to the laboratory. This process will not cause any discomfort. But it is less accurate.
All you need to do is collect a little of your urine in a small sterile jar, then take it to a medical facility for examination. The rest of the work will be left for the laboratory technicians. How is the HPV test done in women and men in this case? You must buy a special sterile jar in advance at the pharmacy. In her, collect a little morning( middle) urine. Close the container and hurry to hand in for the study. From the time of urination should not take more than 4 hours, otherwise the results may be false. Similarly, the lack of sterility of the jar leaves its imprint on the reliability of the results obtained.
Rules for putting urine on
analysis It's easy to guess that you must follow certain rules of morning urine collection. Only then it will be possible to say with accuracy that the results obtained are accurate. It has already been said that you will have to pass the morning urine, and also deliver it to the study no later than 4 hours after collecting the biomaterial. But that is not all.
The thing is that taking urine is also necessary on an empty stomach. It is important that about 7-8 hours pass from the time of ingestion. A similar rule applies to a blood test. So the body does not get additional nutrients that affect the result. In addition, be sure to observe sterility. Collect biological material only in special jars, bought in a pharmacy. Otherwise, urine analysis for HPV can give errors. As in the case of blood, it is necessary to exclude allergen products several days before the study. Therefore, some time will have to follow a diet. Fortunately, this process will not last long.
How is the HPV test taken in women and men? Alternatively, a PCR test is carried out. As it happens, we have already figured out. This method is good because it delivers a minimum of inconvenience. Only he is not able to give 100% accurate results. In any case, if you give urine for analysis, the chances of obtaining reliable information about your health are significantly reduced.
Blood is more suitable for studying the material for the presence of papillomavirus. But this is also not the best way. The most accurate and correct method is the so-called smear: female and male. The technique of taking the analysis is slightly different, but there is nothing to be afraid of. Yes, these procedures are less pleasant than the blood sampling from the vein. But the doctor will be able to say exactly if you have papillomavirus.
How is the HPV test done in women? Using a special brush from the urethra or vagina. The patient should be placed on a gynecological chair. Then a special brush is inserted into the vagina. It is carried out three times around the axis in the uterine cavity. Nothing more is required. The brush is placed in a test tube, which is sent to the laboratory. Before you do a scraping, you need to dab a vagina or swab from the secretion of mucus.
So many tests for infection in women are surrendered. Symptoms of HPV infection may not appear for a long time. Therefore, you have to take a swab for this infection. Timely diagnosis will help cure ailment without health consequences. Now it is clear how to take an analysis for a woman's papilloma. And how does the process occur in men?
There is nothing particularly complicated or dangerous in the study of papillomavirus in the male half of the population. As already mentioned, PCR-technique can be used. But it has inaccuracies. The most accurate way to determine the disease is scraping. How does it come from men?
Approximately the same as for women, - with a special brush. It is carried out on the urethra. And another brush should be done scraping from the glans penis. On the necessary area it is carried out several times. The obtained biological materials are sent to the laboratory for further investigation. Nothing more is required. Only personal hygiene should be considered specific. It is advisable before taking the test to take a shower or wash yourself. The lack of hygiene will adversely affect the result.
These are all ways to diagnose papillomavirus. How to take the test for a study? This decision should be made by your doctor. As practice shows, most often PCR( blood) is prescribed, but scrapings are also in high demand. Do not be afraid and remember that timely detection of papillomas will help prevent the appearance of negative consequences of the disease. After all, the symptoms of this infection do not always manifest. Most often the disease runs chronically and is detected only when passing the appropriate tests.