Arterial hypertension is one of the most common and common diseases at present. First of all, this increase in the proportion of hypertension among all diseases and pathologies is associated with the prevalence of an incorrect lifestyle. Important role played and harmful to health habits, for example, smoking and drinking alcohol. As a disease, hypertension, is a violation in the centers of regulation of blood pressure, and directly those violations that were not caused by extrinsic diseases.
Arterial hypertension refers to chronic diseases, the treatment of which is very problematic. The struggle of various opinions of the world's leading experts and medical professors about the etiology of this disease was completed at the stage of making a general, valid decision about the polyethiologic nature of hypertension. This means that the causes of the development of this disease is a whole complex of influencing factors.
What is hypertension? A steady increase in the pressure level to 140 by ninety or more millimeters. The nature of the persistence( stability) of this phenomenon is established by a triple measurement of blood pressure at different times when coming to the doctor.
Depending on the level of pressure increase, the following degrees of arterial hypertension are distinguished: the first degree - at a pressure of 140-159 / 90-99, the second - BP 160-179 / 100-109 and the third degree of arterial hypertension - 180 and above / 110 and above. Isolated hypertension is also identified, which is called systolic. With this form, the systolic pressure reaches 140 or more millimeters of mercury.st., and diastolic - less than 90 mm.
Arterial hypertension manifested with pain in the ears, dizziness, noise in the ears, flashing before the eyes of "flies", pains in the heart and other symptoms. However, cases of asymptomatic arterial hypertension are not uncommon, when high blood pressure values are not accompanied by any signs and patients do not note deterioration of their condition. The detection of hypertension in such cases becomes a shock for patients, since their health did not foreshadow any diseases.
Arterial hypertension, although a chronic disease, still needs treatment to alleviate the condition of the patient and stop the progression of the disease and the development of possible complications. Treatment of hypertension usually begins with non-drug therapy. Compliance with the regime of salt and liquid restriction, as well as the rejection of bad habits, such as smoking and drinking alcohol. Active therapeutic exercises and various forms of physiotherapy( drug electrophoresis, electrosleep, warm, coniferous or carbon dioxide, and hydrogen sulphide baths, various forms of the shower, etc.) find active use. If there is no desired effect from the diet and physiotherapy procedures, the doctor decides to start a medication( with the help of medicines) therapy. Treatment of arterial hypertension requires competent and qualified specialist approach, as in each individual case the treatment regimen may significantly differ. The use of different drug complexes in patient-friendly dosage forms should be permanent and systematic, this is necessary for constant monitoring and regulation of the level of pressure.
Thus, AH is a frequent chronic pathology in the population at present. Progressive development of this disease, involvement in the pathological process of a large number of organs and systems, as well as a high risk of the formation and development of complications put this disease in the category of the most significant, dangerous and requiring immediate and prolonged treatment.