The future mother for a long nine months day by day approaches the climax - an exciting, long-awaited and joyful event, after which life takes a completely different meaning. It is not surprising that the woman is concerned about the anxiety associated with the anticipation of childbirth, because she walked to this day for about 280 days.
About what happens before and during childbirth, many books and articles have been written, but here the postpartum period is somehow undeservedly overlooked.
The first month, counted immediately after birth, is often called the tenth month of gestation, thereby letting you know how important it is to the new-born mother.
Generally speaking, the postpartum period lasts about eight weeks after the baby's birth. At this time, the activity of many internal organs is increasing.
For example, the kidneys begin to actively produce fluid, because of which the woman in labor has to go to the toilet very often, the uterus contracts, decreasing in size, so as to reach the end of the postpartum period, to acquire the dimensions of her usual condition.
The early postpartum period implies fatigue and drowsiness in the newly mum, especially immediately after the appearance of the baby, possible pain in the perineum and vulva, which is associated with a sufficiently large stretching of many tissues during childbirth.
Gradually, the mother feels normal, the pains, although not intense, go away. If a woman has been made a cesarean section, she can have sores.
Periodically in the postpartum period, the woman's uterus contracts, resembling weak contractions, and in primiparas this process is less painful than that of experienced mothers. In a word, the female body begins to actively return to its previous prenatal state.
The physiology of the postpartum period is such that a woman immediately after the birth of her baby almost a day does not feel the urge to urinate. This is due to the fact that the tone of the abdominal cavity is greatly reduced, and the neck of the bladder swells due to squeezing during childbirth. Therefore, to stimulate the work of the urethra, it is necessary to move a lot, empty the bladder every three to four hours, so as not to hinder the contraction of the uterus.
The chair of a woman who has recently given birth should be for three days, although, as a rule, these days, she often has constipation caused by the restriction of motor function, malnutrition, and the condition of the abdominal wall. Therefore, a woman must consciously adjust her food and move a lot. In such cases kefir and prunes are good. However, if the chair does not normalize on the fourth day, then it is necessary to make the young mummy an enema.
Already on the third day in the postpartum period, the mother begins to increase breast milk, the mammary glands swell and hurt, giving to the armpit. Therefore, from this time, you need to sharply limit the intake of liquid, bringing it to 800 milliliters per day, and more often to feed your baby.
Everyone knows that during pregnancy the amount of sexual female hormones reaches its maximum limit, and immediately after the birth of a child their level drops sharply. Therefore, many young mothers in the post-natal period experience devastation, irritability and unreasonable anxiety. As a rule, such phenomena pass by themselves, but if a woman feels aggravated state - apathy, a sense of fear, hostility to the baby, then you need to turn to a specialist.
The food of a woman in the postpartum period should be nutritious and easily digestible, it is necessary to include in the diet cottage cheese, meat, vegetable oil, some vegetables and fruits, and with lactation, increase the amount of liquid to two liters.
The woman's body completely recovers from pregnancy in almost two years.