Cough from the snot on the back wall: causes and treatment. Than the back rhinitis is dangerous
Every one of us has a runny nose. But if adults transfer it easily enough, then this experience is more difficult for children. What is an alarming dream because of the impossibility of nasal breathing. But if this symptom is normal in a week, then in case of complication, the treatment can be delayed for a long time. Today we will talk about such a complication as rhinopharyngitis. The most famous symptom is a cough from the snot on the back wall of the nasopharynx. The symptom is very unpleasant, and in the absence of proper treatment the ailment can go on into a chronic form. This is fraught with various complications.
This symptom develops against the background of acute inflammation of the nasopharynx. Disturbance of the outflow of fluid leads to the development of a cough from the snot on the back wall of the nasopharynx. This condition of the physician is also called posterior rhinitis. This is a manifestation of a cold, but most often the symptom indicates a complication, inflammatory processes in the entire cavity, as well as the ring of the pharynx. Needless to say, the inflammatory process is accompanied by swelling, redness, which does not help normalize breathing.
The essence of the pathology of
If the snot of you or your child lasts more than a week, hurry to see an otolaryngologist. Because a cough from the snot on the back wall of the nasopharynx can develop in several cases:
- With acute rhinopharyngitis. By origin it is infectious or bacterial.
- Chronic - worried against a cold. It may be a consequence of the usual rhinitis, which was heavily triggered.
In turn, chronic rhinopharyngitis is divided into hypertrophic and atrophic. But the consequences for them are almost the same. Mucous swelling and thickening. As a result, the outflow of snot is not only complicated, but becomes impossible. And since the inflammatory process does not stand still, pus and mucus drain down the back wall of the nasopharynx.
Development of pathology
When does coughing develop from snot? A secret lies down the back wall of the nasopharynx. Usually at the initial stage of the disease the snot is transparent, they easily flow out. But then they turn into thick mucus or purulent discharge. You can be a combination of both. Most often it happens, if the nature of the disease is viral. With a more acute form of this pathology, snot appear. This mucus contains a large number of pathogens. Since the nasal cavity is affected, the mucus escapes from them, contributing to a prolonged course of the disease.
The main inconveniences of
Catarrh is always unpleasant. But when you feel how the snot flows down the back side of the pharynx, and without any possibility of blowing your nose and making it easier, it's even worse. Snot in the nasopharynx prevent food and drink. If the appetite is lowered against the background of infection, then nothing will want at all. Further the following problems are added:
- Bad odor from the oral cavity.
- Cough due to irritation with mucus of the airways.
- Sore throat.
- Vomiting reflex is often provoked due to the need for swallowing mucus.
- Bacteria from the nasopharynx enter the intestine.
If you know the enemy in person, then you can fight it. But without an experienced doctor, the diagnosis can not be made easily. Therefore, if the snot flows, do not wait for them to pass by themselves. Culprits can be staphylococci and streptococci if bacterial damage is diagnosed. Effective treatment will only be in case of using antibiotics. If the nature of the disease is viral, it means that the cause was the vital activity of coronaviruses and rhinoviruses.
Sometimes, if a child coughs and snot, a doctor can diagnose such infectious diseases as measles, scarlet fever and rubella. The causes of posterior rhinitis are usually weak immunity and a deficiency of vitamins. Because if the defenses of the body work well, the complication usually does not develop.
For an adult, everything is usually clear. According to his own feelings, he determines that the snot does not go out through the nose, but flows unpleasant mass along the wall of the nasopharynx. As a response, the body develops a cough from the snot flowing down the back wall. The child is also usually able to explain what is happening in his body. Difficulties arise only in the diagnosis of the disease in an infant. Mother should pay attention to the following symptoms:
- Babe can not suck breast. After each next attempt, he is forced to drop it and inhale with his mouth.
- Babies often throw their head back hard.
- If air is not enough, cramps can develop.
- The child is clearly difficult to breathe, but the snot is not visible.
- Night cough.
- High fever in infants.
As you can see, it is possible to assess the state of the child independently and understand what is happening to it. It is still necessary to visit a specialist!
Danger and consequences of
Any untreated pathology threatens with further complications and troubles. If a child coughs and snot, it is necessary to establish the cause and conduct competent treatment. The snot collected in the nasopharynx interfere with normal breathing. Of course, it is no longer about sports, even in everyday life it becomes much more difficult to perform daily duties.
The second danger is that once the nose "does not breathe", this function takes over the mouth. That is, the disease prevents the body from getting warm, moistened and cleared of germs and dust air. This is only possible when it passes through the nasal canals. And when you breathe with your mouth, the danger of hypothermia of the respiratory system, or additionally get some more infection increases several times.
That's not all. If the rhinopharyngitis was caused by bacteria, then the progression of the disease can contribute to getting the infection on the tonsils and into the sinuses of the nose. As a result, can develop sinusitis or other complications. For children, the high temperature that accompanies this ailment is very dangerous.
If the mother notes a child's superficial cough, shortness of breath and no visible snot, it is recommended to consult a specialist. There may be too many of these symptoms. The survey is rather complicated, and it is not possible to perform it without special equipment. What the doctor should see to make a diagnosis:
- The protuberances in the sky.
- Strips of mucus on the back.
- Red bars on the sides of the pharynx.
- Enlargement of lymph nodes.
This is only the first stage. The doctor should then evaluate the nasal discharge, request a blood test, and, if necessary, assign an X-ray study.
Than to treat
The most important - to not tighten with treatment. Inflammation in the nasopharynx can lead to acute forms of the disease, so it is important to immediately choose the right drugs. It's not enough to bury your nose. It is necessary that the drugs must fall into the nasopharynx. For this, the patient is laid on his back and tilts his head back. After that, lie down for 10-15 minutes. In parallel, doctors can prescribe a salt mine, inhalation and warming. All this works very well against the background of the main treatment.
Rarely does the doctor stop the choice on one remedy. Usually this is a whole complex in which each drug plays its role:
- Sprays that constrict the blood vessels of the nasopharyngeal mucosa. These include the children's Nazivin. Instructions for use do not recommend the use of this drug for more than five days. Doctors agree that you should not use it even longer than three days. Moreover, this preparation is very easy to overdose. Only at first glance it seems harmless. In case of an overdose, respiratory depression becomes oppressive, including coma and death. Therefore, it is extremely necessary to use even the children's "Nazivin".Instruction for use emphasizes that at a time in one nostril is to dig in not more than one drop.
- Drugs based on sea water. This, for example, "Aquamaris", which helps to quickly rinse and clean the nasal cavity.
- Oil-based antiseptic preparations.
Proven fact: a high therapeutic effect gives the treatment of sinuses with essential oils. For this, it is enough to wipe the nasal holes 2-3 times a day with a cotton swab. This procedure must be performed very carefully, so as not to injure the mucous membrane.
Instead of concluding
Rear rhinitis requires timely and adequate treatment. Snot on the back of the nasopharynx not only cause discomfort, but also interfere with normal sleep and eating. This exhausts the body of a sick person and significantly pushes off recovery. In addition, there is a large risk of spreading the infection to nearby organs. The greatest danger is borne by infants.
The choice of drugs to treat the common cold today is very large. However, doctors do not recommend taking a vasoconstrictor. They do not have any therapeutic effect, they only ease the condition for a while. This is an extreme measure that allows you to get a good night's sleep. Best of all, if you use them no more than 3-5 days in a row. After this, a long break is required. With adequate treatment for three days, rhinitis is already declining, and a week later passes without a trace. The ailment has to be treated longer.