How much to be in a hospital with pneumonia to an adult or a child?
The length of stay in the hospital pr pneumonia depends on the age, the state of the body, the degree of lung damage and concomitant diseases.
How to determine the duration of a hospital?
After determination in a hospital with pneumonia, the question arises: how much to lie in a hospital with pneumonia? This period depends on many factors: the severity of the disease, age, type of infection, concomitant inflammation. For children and the elderly, the duration of treatment is prolonged with the slightest suspicion of complications.
How much to lie in a hospital with pneumonia is determined by the attending physician on the basis of tests, a picture of the sternum and after assessing the patient's state of health. Inflammation of the sternum is prolonged with proper treatment. But more often patients seek help at the time of the advanced stage when it is required to take strong drugs. After such measures, complications are possible, which are important to note in the initial period and to correct ineffective therapy.
Patients may refuse hospitalization, but experienced doctors admit that pneumonia is a dangerous disease, and for some it can result in death. Therefore, it is recommended that you follow the doctor's instructions. He will determine how much to lie in the hospital with pneumonia and choose the safest drug. This question is especially relevant when choosing a method of combating the disease in newborn and pregnant women.
How do doctors determine the length of hospitalization?
To understand how much to lie in a hospital with pneumonia, it is necessary to get acquainted with the medical guide, helping to consistently assess the severity of lung disease. Following the step-by-step instructions, you can avoid an erroneous diagnosis and carry out resuscitation in time for severe complications. For the analysis, certain criteria are used: the patient's state of health, the ability to tolerate potent antibiotics. This will help to understand whether there have been any noticeable improvements in the treatment process.
How many children in the hospital with pneumonia depend on the type of inflammation, divided into light, medium and heavy. Hospitalization is required only in the latter case, but even with the simplest complications, the illness can last for a month.
It is quite difficult to determine early illness, how many children are in the hospital with pneumonia. The doctor puts a preliminary diagnosis, which can be corrected by the results of observations. Early discharge is possible only in the absence of signs of inflammation and positive predictions of the restoration of health at home.
Methodology for assessing the condition of a patient
When answering the question how much pneumonia is treated in a hospital in adults, it should be noted that such patients are in a serious condition and often get complications of another plan. Patients need constant monitoring. In chronic illnesses, deterioration in well-being occurs suddenly. Minutes of inaction often cause disability, which will require additional forces for recovery.
Doctors use the standard CURB65, which allows to assess the patient's condition in points. The methodology is based on a test consisting of answers to questions. For each answer, a score is put, the answer is summarized and an approximate evaluation characteristic of the patient is obtained. We list the criteria for calculating the result.
Criteria for assessing the condition of a patient
How many days treat pneumonia in a hospital depends on the answers to the following instructions:
- The blood pressure is not restored for a long time. It is below normal.
- The level of urea in the blood is assessed, the score is scored at values above 7 mmol / l.
- Observations show periodic disturbances of consciousness.
- The patient is elderly over 65 years of age.
For any, even one positive response of the patient should be hospitalized. The instruction allows to determine whether the patient should be sent to the hospital. The answer to the question, how much pneumonia is treated in the hospital, will be provided by the doctor according to the results of observations and analyzes.
How long the hospital is in a hospital with pneumonia depends on the degree of complication and the type of inflammation. To identify critical conditions, signs of pneumonia are distinguished:
- High body temperature, accompanied by a strong intoxication of the body.
- The condition of the disease, when the inflammation spreads to both lungs.
- Cough is a clear sign of damage to the larynx and lungs. Heavy and neglected conditions are accompanied by purulent sputum.
- Focal inflammations are accompanied by the formation of oxygen deficiency of the body. The frequency of breathing is increasing, it becomes superficial. The patient's condition is severe when the frequency is 30 cycles per minute.
- The patient has turbidity in the mind. All this leads to a violation of speech, the thought process, it becomes difficult to perform simple everyday tasks.
- Severe body heat and intoxication cause dehydration.
How many days lie in a hospital with pneumonia depends on the person's age. For children and people of advanced years, the terms will be long, as the doctors extend the term for fear of missing a developing chronic complication in the background of pneumonia. The acute need to stay in the hospital occurs in the first few days of the onset of inflammation. At this time, the most severe consequences from the rapid increase in symptoms are possible.
The first days of illness require bed rest, constant supervision, emergency medication and sudden deterioration of well-being. Again, a bed rest is recommended, any physical exertion is excluded. Pneumonia is often accompanied by a high body temperature, which they try to remove with medicines( only above 39 ° C).This does not apply to newborns and old people, and also to people who have comorbid diseases.
A prolonged period in the recumbent position can lead to the formation of pressure sores, the prevention of which should be constantly practiced. So, patients are recommended to do half an hour walks in the morning and in the evening.
Additional care in the
hospital How many adults are in the hospital with pneumonia depend on the preventive actions of the treating physician. In order to increase immunity and energize forces, inhalations that clean up phlegm and inflammation in the larynx are used. To reduce the intoxication of the body, a plentiful drink is prescribed: compotes in a warm form, herbal tea, juices and fruit drinks from freshly squeezed fruits and berries.
Dietary food will help to eliminate the additional burden on the digestive system. Recommended soups, vegetable broths, fish dishes, fresh vegetables. Oxygen therapy will help maintain the balance of O2.In severe cases, shortages of an important element resort to ventilation.
Diagnosis of patients in the hospital
To avoid erroneous diagnoses and improper intake of medications during the treatment, it is recommended to conduct a complete examination using modern technical means. First of all, doctors conduct a clinical examination, identify the complaints of the person who entered. A preliminary degree of pulmonary involvement is established, then an X-ray is taken. As additional methods, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography can be used.
The diagnosis can be made in the presence of symptoms and radiographs, which happens in most cases. Timely help helps to cure pneumonia without complications in a short time. Within 5 days the patient regains his health and can already be discharged from the hospital.
As a definition of the patient's condition, doctors can resort to additional diagnostics. Important indicators are blood: the level of urea, liver components and the number of electrolytes, the ratio of gaseous substances to the total amount of blood.
In addition, a study is conducted for the presence in the body of pneumococci by PCR and DNA detection of the pathogen. It will also be superfluous to check for antigens of L. pneumophila in the urine, and also to carry out an analysis of immunofluorescence on the bacterium. If the patient does not normalize the condition, then the doctor conducts the diagnosis at his discretion empirically. Often delay causes complications that lead to disability of the patient.
For expectantness, expectorants, painkillers can be used. The appointment of cough blockers is not allowed. Sputum should be removed from the lungs. If this does not happen, then fluid will accumulate in the thoracic organ. Difficulty in breathing will only worsen the situation.
The average length of treatment in a hospital
How much pneumonia is treated in a hospital for children depends on taking antibiotics. Strongly-acting medications are prescribed immediately if there is a suspicion of severe inflammation to small-age and elderly people. This is necessary to exclude the probability of sudden development of complications, which often occurs in children.
Antibiotics are taken even after improving the state of health for the complete destruction of microbes in the body. Treatment terms start from 7 to 20 days, depending on the condition of the patient and the type of pathogen: with staphylococcus drugs take more than 3 weeks, similarly apply with legionella;pneumococcal infection requires therapy for 5 days, and with enterobacterial infection and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection, pills are taken within a month.
The treatment of elderly people
For people over 60 years of age, pneumonia is life-threatening. Complications from chronic diseases supplement the already unpleasant symptoms. Muscles and body tone are weakened, immunity can no longer resist bacteria as before. Lungs are more vulnerable due to aging organ tissues.
Often in the elderly, blood circulation is impaired due to a motionless lifestyle. All this imposes restrictions on the choice of medicines. The duration of treatment is much higher than in younger patients. Complications in the lungs can form after a common cold, SARS.Pneumonia develops rapidly, so when the first suspicion of inflammation immediately issued a referral for placement in the hospital.
Treatment of babies
The risk of developing pneumonia is that there are no severe symptoms in the early days of the disease. Newborns and small children are identified in the hospital immediately. Only constant monitoring of the baby will help to avoid the advanced stage of the disease, when already need resuscitation.
In viral inflammation there is no high fever, the infection does not give cough and sputum in the beginning of the disease. And the baby is already feeling unwell, the sleep is broken, the appetite disappears. How many newborns lie in a hospital with pneumonia depend on the decision of the attending physician.
A change in the condition can be seen when a breath, shortness of breath, cough, or a superficial inspiration is detected. In the photographs of the X-ray, darkened areas are noticeable. When there is a croupous inflammation of such points, there may be many. The prognosis in such patients is positive. After a few days of taking antibiotics, pneumonia passes.
The conclusion about the cure is made on the basis of the following criteria: breathing is even, the patient feels well, there are no deviations in the sternum photographs. After discharge, it is recommended to do a second examination 2-3 weeks later to confirm the results of treatment. If necessary, the therapy is repeated again using other drugs.
People with pneumonia are not recommended to contact healthy people. Bacteria are transmitted along with saliva when coughing, so they can get close.