Latex allergy: photo, symptoms, treatment
The main ailment that increasingly affects modern humanity is allergy. To cause an inadequate reaction of the body can contact with absolutely any substance. It is not always possible to recognize in time when the allergy to latex started. Products from this material are used in the field of medicine, in everyday life, in the production of methods of barrier contraception. Let us consider in more detail the causes, characteristic symptoms and methods of getting rid of a pathological phenomenon.
Causes of the development of the allergic reaction
The immune response to the stimulus is considered quite normal. But in some cases, the body can malfunction, and it is wrong to react to completely harmless substances. For example, a huge number of people suffer from allergies to animal hair, pollen from plants. And the ailment does not always manifest itself from birth. In the absence of proper treatment, this, at first glance, is not a serious illness, can cause serious complications.
Less common is allergy to latex. Statistics say that no more than 10% of people face this problem. Therefore, it is far from always possible to immediately determine the true cause of the development of a pathological phenomenon.
The immune system of allergy sufferers perceives the protein contained in latex as a pathogenic substance from which the body needs to be protected. This provokes increased production of immunoglobulins IgE - antibodies, which are able to combat allergens.
What is latex?
Milk liquid from rubber tree is used for the production of rubber, or, as they say, - latex. This elastic, durable and hygienic material is used in the chemical industry for the production of a wide variety of products. This material is in demand in the manufacture of medical gloves, droppers, baby nipples, swimming circles, clothing, plasters, bedding and other popular household items.
The most susceptible to the emergence of allergy to latex medical workers. Due to duty, they are forced to use gloves, tourniquets, droppers, on contact with which there is an allergic reaction. Often suffer from the disease and people working in the enterprises for the production of rubber products. The more work experience in such a field, the higher the risk of getting an allergy.
In addition to this category of people, people with the following ailments are at increased risk:
- allergic reactions in the form of bronchial asthma, dermatitis;
- bone marrow disease;
- food allergy;
- abnormal structure of the urinary tract and bladder;
- a large number of surgical interventions in the history;
- need to install a urinary catheter.
Allergy to latex in women shows symptoms of the same as in the stronger sex. However, women still face this problem much more often. When cleaning the premises, they use latex gloves, which, in close contact with the skin on their hands, can trigger the development of an inadequate response of the immune system.
What is the relationship between food allergy and intolerance of rubber milk products? The fact of the matter is that some foods contain a protein, which is also available in latex. It is this substance that is the main cause of the appearance of pathology. Cherries, tomatoes, kiwi, figs, peaches, potatoes, avocados, nuts - allergen products.
How does the allergy manifest itself?
On the latex, the human body can respond in different ways. However, allergy doctors warn that the signs of this kind of pathology are the same as other types of allergies, but the consequences can be much harder( in the absence of correct and timely medical care).
The severity of the clinical picture of a disease depends on several factors: the patient's age, general health, duration of exposure to the stimulus. Skin reactions are the main signs that show allergy to latex. Symptoms in the form of rashes and redness on the skin, itching, the appearance of wounds and cracks indicate the development of dermatitis. At the initial contact with the allergen the picture of the disease may be less clear and will be limited only to a slight redness of the skin and peeling. Such symptoms usually pass quickly.
When inhaling substances used to manufacture latex products, allergy symptoms will be more severe. Heart palpitations, hypotension, asthmatic coughing, shortness of breath are symptoms in which the patient will need urgent help from specialists. In the most rare cases, swelling of the face, neck, lips( Quincke's edema) and anaphylactic shock can be observed. The allergy to latex( photos presented above) should be stopped in time.
Symptoms in women
Influencing the mucous membranes, latex provokes the appearance of wounds and ulcers, burning sensations. Similar signs arise in women using barrier methods of preventing pregnancy. Itching and redness of the skin on contact and underwear and socks( in the area of the rubber bands) can also indicate the presence of pathology.
Does the disease occur in children?
Can there be an allergy to latex in a child? According to the data obtained as a result of research, the milk of rubber tree, used for the manufacture of nipples, pacifiers and other products for babies, is a powerful allergen and often causes the appearance of characteristics characteristic of the ailment.
In infants of the first year of life, the pathology manifests itself as a cold, and is accompanied by sneezing, lacrimation, and stuffy nasal passages. Often there are skin reactions( itching, redness, swelling of the tissues).In the zone of high probability of the disease, there are children who already have a similar diagnosis in their anamnesis.
To determine which substance is an allergen, special tests are carried out. Allergic tests are usually prescribed after the first manifestation of characteristic symptoms. It is recommended to consult a doctor if there are signs of food allergy to those products that have peptides similar in structure to proteins of rubber.
Only laboratory diagnostics can accurately determine the kind of stimulus that causes a negative reaction of the immune system. Before contacting a doctor, it is necessary to remember in what situation contact with latex has occurred. Perhaps the symptoms appeared after a visit to the manipulation room in the polyclinic, after sexual intercourse.
Allergy to latex is confirmed by carrying out skin tests and blood tests for immunoglobulin. The first method involves the imposition of a small piece of latex on the skin. Because there is a large number of mast cells on the epidermis, the response to the stimulus will not be long in coming. The expert will evaluate the response visually.
Allergy to latex: treatment of
To get rid of the pathology it will be completely possible only when contact with the allergen is excluded. If this is not done, the symptoms of the disease will arise anew. To quickly stop the allergic attack will require the use of drugs from the group of antihistamines. Modern antiallergic drugs do not cause side effects in the form of drowsiness and reduced concentration of attention.
Effective medicines for systemic exposure are:
Stronger are hormone-based medications. Glucocorticoid systemic effects should be used if other treatment options do not give a positive result. These drugs are analogues of hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex and are responsible for controlling allergic reactions, inflammatory processes.
In the acute course of an allergic reaction, the patient will require droppers and other procedures provided in the hospital. For children, antihistamines in the right dosages can be prescribed only by a doctor.
Ointments for Allergies
If there is a skin allergy to latex, what should I do in this case? It is important to begin treatment immediately after the appearance of redness, scaling and rash. Otherwise, there is a huge risk of getting more serious skin problems, up to the development of the infectious process.
Remedies for dermatitis drugs for topical application in the form of ointments. Of course, they can be used only after the appointment of an allergist. Because in their composition, these drugs can contain hormones. These are stronger drugs that can suppress the production of specific antibodies.
Ointments based on prednisolone and hydrocortisone are considered to be the safest and can be used to treat babies under 2 years and women during pregnancy. However, they help only with an easy course of an allergic reaction.
If, for example, there is a severe allergy to latex gloves, it is recommended to use moderate agents. It can be an ointment "Cinacort" or "Afloderm".Quickly stop the symptoms of the pathological phenomenon will help drugs such as "Advantan", "Sinalar", "Elokom."
This group of medicines is safer, unlike hormonal agents. Many drugs are suitable for children, including infants. To remove inflammation with allergic dermatitis cream "Elidel" is used. The manufacturer allows to assign it to children from the age of three months. The drug can cause( at the initial stage of treatment) worsening of allergy symptoms.
The "Bepanten" remedy is popular. Ointment accelerates the healing process of the skin, eliminates inflammation and itching.
If an adult has an allergy to latex after using gloves or garments from this material, you can eliminate the rashes and redness with drugs such as Levomecol, Panthenol, Solcoseryl, Fenistil Gel.
Even in the absence of increased sensitivity to products made from rubber juice from milk, there is a risk of allergies if they are in constant contact with them. Avoid such a fate will be when replacing household items from latex on products that do not contain this substance. For example, latex nipples for children are easily replaced with silicone. Latex gloves for cleaning the house are more convenient than polyethylene, but the second option will not cause allergies.