Effective drugs for periodontal disease and ways to treat the disease
Despite the development of medicine, there are still unsolved problems. They include oral disease, parodontosis. The illness is chronic. Undoubtedly, this causes great inconvenience to the patient and significantly worsens the quality of human life. Therefore, the question remains to this day: what medicines to use for periodontal disease? In the article we will consider the etiology of the disease, the causes of its occurrence and the methods of treatment.
This disease is characterized by primary-dystrophic changes. Fortunately, it is not very common among the population( no more than 10%).However, the primary stages( gingivitis, periodontitis) are diagnosed much more often. Sometimes gingivitis during the examination is found even in children aged 10 years.
During an exacerbation the ailment is complicated by an inflammatory process on the gum. In this period, people often turn to specialists. This stage is diagnosed as periodontitis. The situation is complicated by the fact that at the initial stages the patient does not feel pain. Accordingly, the call to the doctor occurs at more serious stages. By that time the disease is already chronic.
We can only talk about factors that can trigger the development of the disease. Until now, medicine does not know the exact reasons for its occurrence. Experts believe that there is a genetic predisposition in some people.
Doctors pay attention to concomitant pathologies. For example, in a risk zone are people suffering from the following ailments:
- diabetes mellitus;
- a violation of the functioning of endocrine glands;
- chronic diseases;
- atherosclerotic lesions of blood vessels;
- systemic lesion of bone structures.
Depending on the reason, the doctor will prescribe the treatment. There are different methods. Effective medication for periodontal disease for each patient is selected individually. Everything depends on the results of the preliminary examination.
Modern methods of treatment of
The doctor chooses a method of combating the disease on the basis of diagnostic studies. Clinical manifestations of the disease are also taken into account. The main signs that periodontitis passed into periodontal disease:
- absence of inflammation on the gum;
- reduction of interdental partitions;
- ptosis of soft tissues;
- denudation of neck and root;
- teeth mobility.
Modern treatment of periodontal disease with medicines allows to achieve good results. Efficiency is enhanced by a comprehensive method of dealing with consequences. Armed with specialists today, in addition to medicines, there are orthopedic and surgical methods of treatment. Comprehensive activities also include gum massage. Drug therapy is mainly aimed at supporting the state of tissues and eliminating pathological microflora.
What does the treatment for
begin with? There is no point in immediately using drugs for periodontal disease. After the examination you need to get rid of plaque and stones. They carry out these manipulations in various ways.
Doctor can manually, with special tools, get rid of sediments. To remove a soft coating, hydrogen peroxide is often used. This remedy gently cleans the mouth. In this case, disinfection is carried out. The solution promotes the early healing of wounds, if any. Hydrogen peroxide can also be used at home. After all, the hard bristles of the toothbrush hurt the inflamed gum tissue.
Modern technologies allow to clean the oral cavity as effectively as possible. Today, a laser is used successfully for this purpose. The advantages of this method are obvious.
First, the patient does not experience any painful sensations during the procedure.
Secondly, the laser effectively disinfects the pockets that form around the teeth. They become sterile, which prevents the reproduction of bacteria.
Further the expert recommends to pass to the patient to medicamental treatment.
Remove the stones and go directly to the treatment. If a significant inflammation of the gingiva is visualized, the therapy should be performed under the supervision of a specialist. In cases where the symptoms are less pronounced, treatment can be carried out at home.
The course can consist of the use of an antiseptic for rinsing the mouth. For this, the drug "Chlorhexidine" is suitable. In the complex, an anti-inflammatory agent should be used. To do this, gel "Holisal" is suitable.
These medications for periodontal disease are applied for 10 days. Procedures should be done in the morning and in the evening. After breakfast and hygienic treatment of the oral cavity specialists recommend rinsing with an antiseptic. Then gauze swab gently dry the gums. On the areas of contact of soft tissues with teeth are applied gel. After the procedure, you must refrain from eating for two hours.
How and what to treat periodontal disease of the gums? Drugs in tablets
Some time ago we often heard in advertising about the benefits of using chewing gums. They really remove plaque from the teeth, preventing the development of bacteria.
Pharmaceutical companies soon began to produce drugs of bacterial origin. Such drugs have anti-inflammatory properties, contribute to the death of fungi and gram-negative bacteria. Produced in tablets. Also, drugs can be purchased in the form of solutions for inhalation.
The remedy for periodontal disease of the gum "Imudon" has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. The drug is released in the form of tablets for resorption. They contain a mixture of bacterial lysates, the composition of which corresponds to the pathogens most often causing inflammation in the oral cavity and pharyngeal .
Tablets "Trental" is used to normalize the blood supply of gum tissues. This remedy for periodontitis reviews collected only positive. It has a vasodilating property. With periodontal disease, dystrophic changes occur precisely due to insufficient supply of oxygen to the cells and failure to deliver nutrients. In this case, the drug reduces the viscosity of the blood, increases the elasticity of red blood cells.
Also in the fight against the considered ailment it is possible to apply preparations "Tykveol", "Insadol".In any case, it is necessary to consult a doctor before choosing a particular remedy.
Treatment with "Linkomycin" and "Trichopolum"
Such drugs for parodontosis as "Lincomycin" and "Trichopol" are very common. They are used in the complex anti-inflammatory. Or the doctor prescribes them after therapy to fix the effect.
The drug "Lincomycin" is characterized by a wide range of effects. It is well absorbed and is able to accumulate in bone tissues. This drug increases the effectiveness of the anti-inflammatory course and increases the likelihood of death of pathogenic microflora. On average, the drug takes 2 weeks. Sometimes the term increases. The patient must protect the intestinal microflora at the time of treatment. For this, experts recommend taking probiotics.
The drug "Trichopol" is prescribed for severe forms of infection. It has a good antimicrobial effect, increases blood supply, reduces the sensitivity of the affected teeth.
Some doctors believe that the best medicine for periodontal disease is antibiotics. Sometimes, in addition to the main drug, "Metranidazole" is also prescribed. It is also referred to as antibiotics. It increases the effectiveness of treatment. Produced in the form of tablets. You can also buy the gel "Metragil".It is applied directly to the gum. Tablets are taken within 10 days, 3 times a day. An integrated approach to treatment can improve its effectiveness and reduce the chance of relapse.
Injections into the gums
Separately I would like to talk about this method of treatment of periodontitis. The introduction of antibiotics directly into the gums is used only in Russia and CIS countries. Although today in good clinics this technique is no longer practiced.
Over time, it was found that after the injection of antibiotic in the gum gets a colossal dose of it. Microorganisms are quickly destroyed, the inflammatory process subsides. However, all this leads to necrotic changes in the tissues. The zone of attachment of the root to the bone decreases. All this leads to mobility of the teeth. And this condition can no longer be treated medically. Only surgery and implantation will allow the patient to return a smile. So antibiotics are not desirable to stab in the gum. But if the doctor offers injections of vitamins, then you should not refuse. The injections of aloe or ascorbic acid have a local strengthening effect.
Instead of concluding
Now you know what medications for periodontal disease are prescribed by specialists. It should be understood that the information is for informational purposes only. Periodontal disease is a serious disease. Sometimes it is very rapidly progressing, there is a high probability of relapses. In this regard, it is important to understand that only a specialist can appoint the right treatment.