What kind of diet is needed for bronchial asthma?
Bronchial asthma is a complex disease that occurs for a variety of reasons and can be completely at any age. Diet in bronchial asthma can not be a therapeutic method, but it helps to stabilize the course of the disease and avoid the occurrence of relapses.
Many doctors recommend that patients adhere to the usual diet, eliminating food that can cause an allergic reaction in a particular person. A strict hypoallergenic diet should be adhered to only during a period of exacerbation of the disease. If a certain product provoked a food allergy, then it must be immediately and permanently removed from the daily diet.
The main purpose of the
diet Many patients are interested in what kind of diet is best for bronchial asthma and what are the main goals of the diet. The main purposes of the diet in the presence of bronchial asthma is:
- reduction of inflammation in the lungs;
- stabilization of metabolic processes in the lungs;
- reduction of spasms of bronchi;
- improved immunity.
In addition, a properly selected diet contributes to reducing allergic reactions and eliminating allergens that provoke an attack.
Basic principles of nutrition for patients with asthma
Nutrition of patients should be full, varied and balanced, especially during the period of remission. Diet in bronchial asthma must certainly contain a sufficient number of proteins, including animal origin. It is necessary to consume meat and fish, dairy and sour-milk products.
The lack of proteins in the body has a bad effect on the state of the respiratory system, so do not completely abandon meat and seafood, especially if they are not allergic.
There are certain restrictions on the consumption of animal fats, so soups should be cooked on a secondary broth to make it less greasy and concentrated. In this case, any dairy products can be consumed without restrictions, if there are no other health problems and contraindications.
It is important to pay attention not only to the daily diet, but also to the diet regime. One of the main risk factors for the occurrence of bronchial asthma is excessive gastric dilatation, so do not overeat, eat food in small portions, and drink liquid after a few hours after eating. In addition, the last consumption of food should be no later than 2 hours before bedtime.
Features of the asthma diet
The main cause of exacerbation of asthma attacks can be the penetration of alien animal proteins into the body. Therefore, it is important to limit the consumption of animal type proteins, even if the patient has intolerance to plant foods.
It is necessary to limit food intake with a high purine content. It is important to observe a special hypoallergenic diet, especially during the period of exacerbation, which involves the exclusion of seasonings, spicy and excessively salty foods.
There are several types of hypoallergenic diet, which is why for each patient it is selected strictly individually. Strictly contraindicated smoking and consumption of alcoholic beverages.
The diet for bronchial asthma implies the consumption of a large number of cereals and vegetables. The dishes are mostly boiled, cooked and steamed. Do not eat too cold and hot dishes.
What you can eat with asthma
The diet for bronchial asthma in adults and children is an important component in the treatment of this disease. Consumed food should be balanced and contain a large number of vitamins. It is necessary to spend unloading days in the absence of contraindications. This will help improve the mucous state of the respiratory system, which helps to get rid of attacks of suffocation.
In bronchial asthma, it is allowed to consume foods such as:
- meat and fish of low-fat varieties;
- vegetables and fruits;
- dried fruits;
- dairy products;
If there are no contraindications, then it is possible to use practically all the products in small amounts and at the same time adhere to a low-calorie diet. Regardless of the presence of exacerbations, you need to consume a lot of foods rich in pectin, as well as dietary fiber.
To prevent seizures and improve the condition, it is necessary to consume such products:
- strong coffee;
- tea from ginger;
- decoction of flax seeds.
It is necessary to eat a large number of foods rich in vitamins and minerals.
What is forbidden to eat with asthma
The diet for bronchial asthma implies under itself and the exclusion of certain foods from the diet. It is undesirable to consume such products with bronchial asthma:
- food additives;
- spicy seasonings;
- fatty rich broths;
- semolina porridge;
- citrus fruits;
It is also important to limit the consumption of foods with a high level of histamine, such as tomatoes, smoked products, cheese, caviar, spinach. The consumption of salt and sugar should be strictly limited, as these products contribute to the onset of edematous processes in the lungs and bronchi, which can lead to suffocation attacks.
Hypoallergenic diet for asthma
Hypoallergenic diet for bronchial asthma implies the exclusion of the product from the diet, which triggers the occurrence of an allergic reaction. In addition, it is worth to carefully evaluate the peculiarity of the body's reaction to the main allergens. Such products include:
- citrus fruits.
The diet for bronchial asthma is allergic in adults should be made strictly individually, taking into account the intolerance of individual foods or dishes that are cooked. At any display of a pathology it is necessary to pass to a hypoallergenic diet.
The diet for bronchial asthma is allergic implies strict adherence to all the rules and restrictions in nutrition. To apply specialized diets is necessary only during periods of attacks when the product provoking an allergic reaction is precisely known.
What food allergens can trigger bronchial asthma
It is very important to adhere to a diet if asthma is accompanied by an additional food allergy that increases the signs of the disease. For each patient, the ration is made separately, taking into account the intolerance of individual foods.
For patients who are intolerant to certain foods, the diet is formulated with precise instructions as to which foods to remove from their daily diet. In addition, certain substances can provoke an allergy, in particular:
- pollen of plants;
- home dust;
- animal wool.
During the exacerbation of any type of allergy diet should be extremely strict, and the diet should be selected specialist.
Diet for asthma in children
The diet for bronchial asthma in children should be carefully considered taking into account the characteristics of the body and the presence of contraindications. The nutrition of the child must be balanced and full. The diet should include vegetables, fruits, proteins, cereals.
Children need to consume a lot of magnesium-rich foods every day, as this is the only natural remedy that dilates the bronchi and helps prevent spasms. Magnesium is rich in such products:
- green leafy vegetables;
- dried fruits.
In the diet of a child suffering from asthma, it is desirable to include a large number of oily fish, in particular, such as salmon, tuna, sardines, herring. In the body of a child suffering from asthma, an insufficient amount of vitamins B and C, so it is very important to include in the daily diet foods rich in them.
During the exacerbation, the child needs to drink plenty of water and diluted natural fruit juices, as this will help reduce mucus secretion.
Table number 9 with asthma
The diet for bronchial asthma( table number 9) is aimed at eliminating symptoms and helps prevent relapses. Such a diet fully helps to satisfy all human needs in nutritional and nutritional substances. All food should be cooked for a couple, bake or boil.
If you follow the diet number 9, you can consume:
- bread with wholemeal or bran;
- low-fat meat;
- non-welded soups;
- any vegetables and cereals;
- dairy products;
- unsweetened fruits and berries;
- vegetable and butter;
- tea, broth of wild rose, unsweetened juices, water.
From the diet you need to completely remove fried foods, floury products, sweets and sugar, coffee, cocoa, honey, sweet fruits and berries, citrus fruits, fatty meat, smoked products, rich concentrated soups, canned food, pickles, spices, alcohol.
Following a diet, you can achieve a long-term remission and significantly improve your well-being. However, the diet should be prescribed in combination with conservative treatment. This will ensure the best results.