"Otrivin"( spray): instructions for use, composition, description and reviews
Everywhere people use drugs to treat the common cold. Some medicines have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects, others have antibacterial effect. Still others are prescribed for allergies. Vessoconstrictive agents are very popular. The most well-known active substances are xylometazoline and oxymetazoline. This article will tell you about a drug with the trade name "Otrivin"( spray).Instructions for use will be offered to your attention. You can learn about the composition of the drug and its main characteristics.
Description of the drug
The manufacturer presents his drug in several forms. In the pharmacy network, you can purchase a spray for nasal administration or a drop. In addition to this division, drugs are also classified into children's and adults.
The cost of a medicine depends on its type and composition. The drug "Otrivin"( spray) costs about 150 rubles. When adding additional components to the active substance, the price may increase to 200 rubles. Drops will cost you no more than 300 rubles.
It should be noted that under the brand name "Otrivin" other products are also available to treat the common cold. In pediatrics, aspirators of this manufacturer, as well as replaceable attachments to them, are very popular. Such devices are designed to eliminate the common cold and nasal congestion in toddlers.
Composition of the preparation depending on the type of
What is the main active substance of the drug "Otrivin"?The spray contains xylometazoline. Its amount can be 0.5 or 1 milligram per milliliter. This is what distinguishes a child's medicine from an adult. Among the additional components are sodium dihydrogen phosphate, sodium chloride, sorbitol, soda and others.
Produced "Otrivin" and with additional additives. This is levomenthol and eucalyptus. Such a drug, in addition to vasoconstrictive action, will have a softening, anti-inflammatory effect.
The medication may contain ipratropium bromide. The trade name of this drug is Otrivin Complex. The spray has vasoconstrictive and bronchodilating effect. He stops the mucus from the nose.
On sale there is a medicament based on sea water. In such a spray there is no xylometazoline. It is designed for washing the nasal mucosa and performing hygienic procedures.
Purpose of medication: indications
In what situations does the patient prescribe a drug with the trade name "Otryvin"?A spray based on xylometazoline is prescribed in the following cases:
- for viral and bacterial respiratory diseases accompanied by nasal congestion;
- rhinitis of allergic origin, hay fever;
- sinusitis and sinusitis;
- otitis of different localization and eustachiitis;
- preparation for surgery and diagnosis on the nasal mucosa.
Complex "Otrivin" is used in severe rhinitis, which is combined with bronchitis, asthma, pneumonia and other diseases of the respiratory system. A substance based on sea water is prescribed as a hygienic preparation, as well as for cleaning the mucous membranes of the nose before the administration of medicinal substances. The drug with the addition of menthol and eucalyptus is used for purulent discharge from the nasal passages.
Contraindications and limitations
Not every patient can use the drug "Otrivin".The spray is not assigned to persons who are hypersensitive to the components. Pay attention also to additional components. Prohibited the use of drugs for glaucoma, hypertension, certain vascular diseases and blood. Medication is not recommended for persons with tachycardia, atrophic or drug-induced rhinitis.
Restrictions in use are introduced for children under two years. In this case, doctors recommend replacing the spray with drops. Also, a dosage of 1 milligram per milliliter is prescribed only to children after 12 years. With special care, the drug is administered with diabetes, during pregnancy and lactation. In all these cases, you need to consult a doctor beforehand.
"Otrivin"( spray): instruction on the use of the preparation
The medication is administered exclusively in the nasal passages. Before that, blow your nose as far as possible. With a strong nasal congestion, such manipulation can be quite problematic.
The spray is injected into the nasal passages of adults and children over 12 years of age, one injection up to three times a day. In this case, the interval between doses should not be less than 4 hours. Children are recommended the drug "Otryvin baby".The spray is prescribed as needed, but no more than three times a day. In this case, the drug is preferably administered before bedtime to improve the quality of rest. Children under the age of two years are prescribed drops "Otrivin".Children's spray is unacceptable to use at this age. The duration of therapy is from 3 to 5 days. Longer use of "Otrivin"( nasal spray with xylometazaline) is prohibited.
A seawater product can be used if necessary. It is prescribed for washing the nose, as a hygienic means, and also for preventive purposes.
Adverse reactions and their likelihood
What reports about the adult medication and medicine "Otrivin baby"( spray) instructions for use? Abstract draws the attention of consumers to the fact that the drug can cause adverse reactions. Some of them are an excuse for cancellation of treatment. Others also pass independently for several minutes.
Like any medicine, the described preparation can cause allergies. More often it is manifested by urticaria and itching, less often there is swelling. The use of the drug sometimes leads to headaches, insomnia. Medication can cause tachycardia, hypertension, vomiting, or diarrhea. When injected into the nasal passages, a burning sensation is possible.
Action of medication
How does Otrivin( baby) work? Spray for children, like an adult medicine, quickly envelops the mucous membranes of the nose. There is a momentary narrowing of the vessels and removal of puffiness. Instructions for use indicate that the action of the drug continues for 12 hours from the time of application.
Additional constituents, for example sorbitol, moisturize the inner shell of the nose. If you use a medicine with eucalyptus and menthol, you can observe softening of the mucosa and its early regeneration. The drug facilitates breathing, reduces the amount of discharge from the nose.
Opinions about the drug: what do patients and their doctors say?
What does Otrivin have? The spray has proved itself from the positive side. Consumers say that under this brand the whole complex of medicines for treating a common cold in children is produced. First, parents make the washing with a spray of sea water. After that, using the aspirator "Otrivin" remove mucus from a small spout. Next, a medication is introduced, narrowing the vessels. If necessary, doctors supplement this set with other medicinal compounds.
Patients report that the action of the drug occurs very quickly. Even with very strong stuffiness, breathing is restored within a few minutes. This effect persists for a long time. Many users use the composition just before bedtime. In fact at night in a horizontal position the edema can amplify.
Instruction for use indicates that the drug is prescribed for allergic rhinitis. However, doctors have a different opinion. Experts say that the allergy should not be eliminated by such means. Use of the described medicine is possible only once in extreme cases. To correct the allergic rhinitis, you need to use other means.
Also experts suggest that prolonged use of the drug or non-compliance with doses can lead to drug-induced rhinitis. In this case, a person can no longer independently abandon the described drug. His nose just does not breathe without another dose of xylometazoline. Cure such a pathology alone is impossible. The patient will have to use more serious and expensive drugs, which can only be prescribed by a specialist after a thorough examination.
A brief summary of the results of
You have found out what the "Otryvin" drug has. The spray can be produced in several forms - remember this. If you came to the pharmacy for the purchase of a drug, then be sure to specify what form of the drug is needed. Please note that people who are prone to allergic reactions, it is better not to use a product with menthol and eucalyptus. Limit the usual spray "Otrivin" or a complex medicine.
A medication based on sea water can also remove swelling. However, its effect is less pronounced. The undoubted advantage of the drug is the possibility of prolonged use. Before using the medicine, always consult a specialist. The doctor will select for you the individual dosage and the scheme of application of the drug. Easy breathing to you, do not be ill!