Phys."Sodium chloride" solution for washing the nose to children
The procedure for nasal lavage is an effective method for treating rhinitis, sinusitis and sinusitis. This helps to normalize the nasal mucosa, relieves inflammation and facilitates breathing. The physiological solution of "sodium chloride" for washing the nose is considered to be one of the most effective and at the same time available means. The liquid can be purchased in ready-made form or prepared independently.
What is saline?
Phys.the solution is a mixture of simple table salt and purified( distilled) water in a certain proportion: 200 ml of liquid take 2 g of food additive. This concentration of salt corresponds to its content in the blood plasma."Sodium chloride"( 0.9%) for washing the nose is used as an additional manipulation.
Sodium chloride is a white crystal that dissolves well in water. The substance maintains a constant pressure in the plasma and extracellular fluid.
Properties of the Sodium Chloride Solution
In addition to the fact that the isotonic solution is indicated for intravenous and subcutaneous administration, it is also used in pediatric practice. Liquid is often prescribed for the treatment and prevention of nasal diseases. The agent has the following therapeutic properties:
- moisturizes the mucous surface;
- has a disinfectant effect;
- promotes the restoration of healthy microflora;
- dilutes mucus in the nasal cavity and adjacent sinuses;
- removes puffiness;
- restores the functions of the cilia of the epithelium in the nasal cavity.
Overdried nasal mucosa becomes vulnerable to pathogens. To restore the natural defense of the body, you should use nat.solution "Sodium chloride" for washing the nose. Experts recommend doing this not only as a treatment, but also for the prevention of a pathological condition.
Indications for the use of the isotonic solution
"Sodium chloride" for nasal lavage are used in the following cases:
- rhinitis of a viral, infectious or bacterial origin;
- chronic diseases of the nasal cavity;
- allergic rhinitis;
- prevention of the development of acute respiratory pathologies and influenza;
- moisturizing the mucous surface.
Physiological saline solution( sodium chloride) in the inflammatory process can reduce the frequency of application of vasoconstrictive drops, significantly facilitate breathing and improve the removal of thick secretions from the sinuses and the cavity itself. It can be used by adults and children of all age categories.
How to prepare for the procedure?
A solution of "Sodium Chloride" for washing the nose is recommended to be purchased at the pharmacy. The product is available in vials of various sizes: 100, 200 and 400 ml. The container is clogged with a rubber stopper, which must be punctured with a syringe and filled with liquid. It is not recommended to fully open the product. In this case, all useful properties of the solution will lose in a day.
The product is also available in plastic and glass ampoules, the volume of which is sufficient for one procedure. Glass ampoules at home are best not to use: when opened in a liquid can get microparticles of glass.
For the procedure, you can use special devices in the form of small teapots with a soft spout. You need to buy such a device in the pharmacy. You can inject the solution with a rubber pear, a syringe( without a needle).
We prepare the solution independently
At home, it is also possible to prepare fiz.solution. Sodium chloride( for washing the nose suitable ordinary table salt) must be dissolved in warm boiled water. The salt can be replaced by sea salt.
The liquid concentration should be 0.9%.To do this, a teaspoon of salt should be diluted in one liter of water. Stir it until the crystals dissolve completely. The product is used for both adults and babies.
How do I wash my nose with a baby?
Inflammation of the nose to the infant is included in the complex of mandatory morning procedures. Manipulation should be carried out very carefully, so as not to damage the delicate mucous surface. A large amount of fluid poured into the nasal cavity of the infant is prohibited. Use a small syringe or pipette to inject the solution.
"Sodium chloride" for washing the nose children should be warm. In each nostril, you need to drip 2-4 drops of salted liquid, then cleanse the nose with a nasal suction or cotton flagellum. If the procedure is carried out for the purpose of treatment, after such cleaning, it is necessary to drip a drug prescribed by the doctor.
For children older than three years, manipulation is performed in the same way as for adults. The solution can be poured into the nasal cavity by means of the device or slowly injected from the syringe. To do this, the child must stand near the sink or over a bowl. The head should be tilted to one side and slightly open. Saline is injected into the nasal passage, which is located on top, and it will flow out of the other nostril. In this case, the sound "and" should be spoken to avoid water ingress into the mouth. Manipulation is repeated for the second nostril. Remains of liquid after completion of the purification procedure the child must blow his nose.
Features of the application
Solution "Sodium chloride" for nasal washing is considered to be an effective method of combating viral infection. To obtain a positive result of such therapy, it is necessary to follow the rules of application of the drug. First of all, you need to get advice from a specialist about using a physiological solution to cleanse the nasal cavity. Many doctors recommend refraining from using a home "analog", which is not sterile.
The procedure should be carried out not only during illness, but also as prevention. A solution of "sodium chloride" for washing the nose can be applied as a spray. You can also buy drugs for irrigation of the nasal cavity. The cost of such funds as "Aquamaris", "Akvalor", "Marimer", significantly differs from the price of isotonic solution.