What helps "Gastal": instructions for use, description, composition and reviews
What helps "Gastal", many people know. After all, problems with the gastrointestinal tract in patients occur very often. If such a drug is unfamiliar to you, we will tell you about it just below.
Composition, shape, packaging, description
What helps "Gastal"?Before answering this question, it is necessary to find out in what form the given drug goes on sale.
According to the instructions, this medication is available as a resorption tablet. They have cherry and mint tastes, as well as white or cream color, round shape with a bevel and a smooth surface.
The active substances of this agent are magnesium hydroxide and aluminum hydroxide-magnesium carbonate gel. In addition, the composition of the drug includes such auxiliary ingredients as sodium cyclamate, lactose monohydrate, mannitol, sorbitol, sodium saccharinate, corn starch, peppermint peppermint, magnesium stearate and talc.
The drug in question is sold in blisters and cardboard boxes.
Features of the drug
About what helps "Gastal", all patients should know. This medicine is referred to the group of buffer antacids. It increases the pH of the stomach juice, and also eliminates the unpleasant sensations caused by high acidity in the main digestive organ( heartburn and abdominal pain).
Antacid properties of this agent are manifested by rapid and prolonged neutralization of the stomach acid( hydrochloric acid).The intake of one tablet is able to neutralize hydrochloric acid.
Properties of the drug
The drug "Gastal" for heartburn helps very well. This effect is due to its composition.
Magnesium hydroxide aluminum hydroxide gel is a buffer antacid substance that reduces the acidity of gastric juice to a normal level and normalizes the digestive process. It should also be noted that aluminum hydroxide is able to inactivate pepsin, which is contained in gastric juice.
As for magnesium hydroxide, it is an unbuffered antacid. It is not absorbed in the intestine, but very quickly neutralizes acidity, and also has a laxative effect.
According to the instruction, the complex of aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide provides activation of the antacid effect and reduces the risk of side effects that are specific for each ingredient separately( eg, diarrhea after using magnesium compounds and constipation after aluminum).
The antacid effect of the agent in question appears almost immediately after taking the drug and lasts for two hours. In this case, the medicine inactivates pepsin, lysolecithin and bile acids.
It should also be noted that aluminum hydroxide enhances the protective and regenerative processes in the stomach.
What helps "Gastal" from?
After asking this question to your doctor, you will receive an answer that the drug in question is good at relieving of indigestion, as well as pain and discomfort in the stomach.
Will Gastal help with heartburn? And with this condition, the medicine in question is very effective.
So, the indications for taking these tablets are:
- diseases that are characterized by increased acid formation( eg, peptic ulcer, gastritis or reflux esophagitis);
- such dyspeptic manifestations as heartburn, epigastric pain, acidic eructations, discomfort after consuming coffee, alcoholic beverages, nicotine, dietary errors and taking a number of medications.
Does "Gastal" help from nausea? Such a condition eliminates this drug only if it is associated with diseases of the digestive tract.
Now you know that "Gastal" of nausea helps only in special cases. However, before taking this medication, you should know that it has a number of the following contraindications:
- kidney failure( severe forms);
- hypersensitivity to compounds of aluminum, magnesium or other constituent components;
- children under six;
- Alzheimer's disease;
- disease associated with impaired lactose metabolism.
It should also be noted that this remedy is cautiously prescribed for chronic kidney failure, children 6-12 years old, adults and adolescents from 12 years old weighing less than 50 kg.
The drug "Gastal": instructions for use
What helps this medication, we told above.
According to the instructions, the agent in question is intended for resorption in an amount of 1-2 tablets 4 or 5 times a day 60 minutes after the meal and at bedtime. The maximum dosage of this drug per day is 8 tablets, and the duration of the intake is not more than two weeks.
For heartburn this medication should be taken regardless of the meal in similar doses.
Children aged 6-12 years, as well as adults and toddlers from 12 years of age weighing less than 50 kg, should take this medication in a half dose( from the standard dose).However, the course of therapy should not be more than two weeks.
People with chronic kidney disease do not need dose adjustment and multiplicity.
Negative effects of
When taking Gastal resorption tablets, patients may experience:
- constipation, discoloration of stool;
- nausea, urticaria;
- diarrhea, itching, vomiting, dermatitis;
- anaphylaxis and angioedema.
As a rule, the mentioned side effects do not cause the use of the drug in the recommended dosages.
With prolonged use of the drug in high doses, the concentration of phosphorus in the body may decrease, osteomalacia, decalcifications in bone tissues may increase, and hyperaluminia and hypermagnesia may occur.
In people with kidney disease, plasma magnesium and aluminum concentrations increase with this drug. Often this leads to the development of dementia and encephalopathy.
Use of this drug in large doses may cause intestinal obstruction. If after treatment the patient's weight has decreased, there is constant discomfort in the abdomen and swallowing is difficult, then you should immediately contact the doctor.
It is highly discouraged to use the medication in question for more than two weeks without the appointment of a doctor.
In the overwhelming majority of reviews about tablets "Gastal" are positive. Consumers say that this medicine is good for relieving heartburn and other unpleasant problems that are associated with diseases of the digestive system. The main advantages of this drug are quickness of action, pleasant taste and long-lasting effect.