Instructions for use "Panklava".Reviews and Analogues
The widespread use of antibacterial agents in recent years has increased the number of patients cured of many ailments. So, some time ago pneumonia was considered a fatal disease. However, an antibiotic, properly selected, helps to cope with this problem.
One of the most common drugs is "Panklav".Instructions for use of the drug and will be presented in the article. From the information received you can learn about the features of using the medicine. Also find out in what dosage it is worth taking it. Separately, you can get acquainted with reviews about the drug and its analogues.
Form of medicine
About the medicine "Panklav" the instruction for use informs the following information. The active substance of the medicine are two components. This is amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. Both substances have a different dosage. So, you can buy a drug with 250 and 125 milligrams of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid, respectively. There are also the following types of medicines: 500 and 125 mg;400 and 57 mg;875 and 125 mg.
The drug is sold in tablets or in powder. The latter produces a suspension, i.e. a syrup. The choice of form and dose of a drug depends on the patient's age, condition and severity of symptoms. Sometimes the medicine is administered intravenously. To the preparation "Panklav" instruction for use is always attached.
How does the antibiotic work?
What else is said about the drug instruction manual?"Panklav" is an antibacterial agent. The main substance is amoxicillin. It binds to the pathogenic microflora and helps to eliminate it. Semisynthetic penicillin works primarily in the intestines and stomach. From there it is absorbed into the blood of a person. The maximum concentration of the drug is observed within a few hours after the first application.
Clavulanic acid inhibits clinically significant lactamases. This substance protects amoxicillin from loss of activity against many microorganisms. Clavulanic acid helps to eliminate bacterial resistance and enhances the action of the main substance.
Indications for prescribing a drug
The drug "Panklav" has a wide application in various fields of medicine. He is prescribed to patients of all ages, including small children. The medicinal composition is used in therapy, gynecology, dentistry, surgery and other fields. What does the instruction say about the antibiotic "Panklava"?The abstract indicates the following indications for use:
- respiratory tract infection( bronchitis, pneumonia, tracheitis);
- lesions by bacteria of the ENT organs( otitis media, sinusitis, sinusitis);
- diseases of the urinary system( pyelonephritis, cystitis);
- diseases of female reproductive organs( endometritis, salpingitis, adnexitis);
- infections in gynecology and urology, which are transmitted sexually( chlamydia, trichomoniasis, etc.);
- bacterial damage to bones and attached joints, as well as soft tissue;
- diseases of the bile duct, stomach and intestines.
Panklav medicine is often used in conjunction with other medications. These may be antibiotics of another class or antiviral agents. You will learn about the interaction of different drugs in the article.
Contraindications to the use of
In what situations should not you use the medicine "Panklav"?The instruction reports the following contraindications:
- hypersensitivity or the possibility of developing an allergic reaction to one of the constituent components;
- viral infections;
- intolerance to antibiotics related to penicillins and cephalosporins;
- is an infectious mononucleosis.
With special care, the drug is prescribed for patients with hepatic or renal insufficiency and certain bowel diseases. In this situation, it is necessary to decide the question of choosing an alternative medicine that is more sparing for the body.
You should always check with your doctor about possible limitations. Some sources report that the composition is not assigned to pregnant women and nursing mothers. Is it justified?
Use of the formula during pregnancy and lactation
Is it possible to use "Panklav" tablets in the above situations? The instruction notes that the active substance is excreted in breast milk. So, for treatment during lactation it is necessary to solve the problem of its temporary cessation.
During the gestation period, the use of the drug is inadmissible in the first trimester. Such therapy can greatly affect the development of the baby and lead to congenital malformations. However, from the time of 16 weeks and until the very birth, the course of the drug is allowed. In this case, the doctor must correlate the potential risk and the expected benefits of treatment. It is also worthwhile to perform a bacteriological analysis on the sensitivity of microorganisms to the drug.
Preparation "Panklav": instruction for use
Suspension and tablets are taken orally. If there is a chance of diarrheal disorders, then it is worth to drink the medicine directly during meals. The composition is administered in an individual dosage depending on the patient's condition. The duration of therapy is determined by a specialist, however, the correction should not take less than five days. Violation of this requirement may lead to the development of resistance of microorganisms to amoxicillin.
Adults and children who have reached the age of 12 years( assuming a body weight of at least 40 kg), the drug is prescribed depending on the severity of the infection. For mild and moderate it is recommended to take 250 mg three times a day. Remember that the drug is available in different doses. In severe disease, the medication is prescribed for 500 mg every 8 hours.
Important: 2 tablets of 250 mg are not equal to one capsule of 500 mg, since the content of clavulanic acid with such a change in dose will be different. The maximum volume for an adult is 600 milligrams per day. For the child, the calculation is based on body weight. For each kilogram of weight, you can take 10 mg of the substance. Example: if a child weighs 40 kg, then the daily norm of clavulanic acid is 400 mg. Amoxicillin is calculated as follows. Adult maximum dose per day is 6 grams. For a child for every kilogram of weight, 45 mg of amoxicillin is allowed. For a body weight of 40 kg this will be 1.8 grams.
In dentistry, a drug is often prescribed for 500 mg of amoxicillin twice a day at regular intervals. The duration of therapy is 5 days. When using drugs in patients with renal insufficiency, the dose of medication can be reduced to 0.5 grams per day. In especially difficult situations, the interval between taking the drug can be up to two days.
Application for toddlers
What else can you tell us about the Panklave tool? Suspension for children is used up to twelve years. If the child agrees to swallow, he can give medicine in tablets.
Before taking the drug in the form of a suspension, it must be prepared. How correctly to separate separate doses of a medicine, including "Panklav 2X"?
The instruction for use involves the use of a different volume of liquid for individual doses of the drug. Carefully study the annotation and enter the required amount of chilled boiled water in a container with powder. Then shake the medicine. Wash down the composition with a glass of water.
- Children from 12 years are assigned 10 ml of suspension twice a day. The total dose is 800 mg.
- From 2 to 12 years the drug is calculated by the weight of the child. With a light infection, 25 mg per kilogram of body weight is indicated. If the infection is severe, then the portion increases to 45 mg / kg.
- Up to three years, the dosage of the drug is 25 mg per kilogram of the weight of the baby.
The use of a drug to treat a child up to three months is undesirable. However, if such therapy is necessary, it is advisable to administer antibiotics intramuscularly.
Interaction with other
formulations Ascorbic acid can enhance the action of the drug. During treatment, it should be taken with extreme caution. Antacids and laxatives, in contrast, slow the absorption of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. Medication can reduce the effectiveness of oral contraceptives. Diuretics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs strengthen the action of the Panclav medicine.
With the simultaneous use of sorbents and a complex of beneficial bacteria, a break must be made between the use of drugs. If you are forced to take additional antibacterial drugs, you should recalculate the dosage of the active substances.
Reviews about the drug
The maximum dosage of the drug "Panklava" is 875 mg. Instructions for use should be studied very carefully before taking the medicine in such a high concentration. Most often, this drug is prescribed for a very serious infection.
Suspension for children has a sweetish taste. That's why babies take medicine without too much effort. Doctors advise you to drink the syrup with water.
Consumers say that the drug has a strong effect on the intestines. The medicine kills not only harmful bacteria, but also a useful microflora. Often patients during the period of treatment note the increased frequency and dilution of the stool, they have nausea. However, doctors say that this is not a reason to cancel therapy. Correct treatment is allowed only when the strongest allergic reactions to the drug are detected.
Specialists advise to simultaneously take useful bacteria that will help restore the intestinal microflora and maintain immunity. Most patients, despite adverse reactions, remain satisfied with the drug. The composition of "Panklava" really helps to get rid of many of the above ailments.
How to replace the drug?
You have become aware of information that is reported on the drug "Panklava" instructions for use. Analogues of the drug are selected in the case when it is not possible to acquire the original remedy.
Absolute analogues with the same composition are medicines "Amoxiclav", "Augmentin", "Flemoclav", etc.
Based on amoxicillin there are preparations "Amoxicillin", "Flemoxin" and others. However, in the composition of such drugs there is no clavulanic acid, which makes them relative analogues of the described agent.
The cost of the drug
Positive feedback about the medicine can not but include information about its price. Unlike other antibiotics, this medicine has a fairly affordable cost. So, the suspension for children will cost you about 350 rubles.
If you need to buy tablets, then be ready to give from 300 to 500 rubles. The big difference in price depends on the dosage of the drug. The more amoxicillin, the higher the cost.
You got acquainted with the modern effective antibiotic called "Panklav".Instructions for use for children and adult patients are presented to your attention. Also, we reviewed some reviews about the drug and learned about similar medications. Remember that antibacterial agents should be taken with extreme caution. Incorrect use of them can not only cause side effects, but also lead to the development of bacterial resistance to one or another active substance. Strong to you health, do not be ill!