Disorientation is a symptom of serious problems
Disorientation is a consciousness disorder in which it is difficult for a person to think quickly and correctly, act and orient themselves. The patient can forget where he went, what happened to him some time ago. Such a person needs constant help from other people.
Causes of disorientation
Where does disorientation begin? At first, the patient begins to decrease attention, and he is poorly oriented in the area. This leads to speech impairment, memory deteriorates. The patient has such features as taciturnity, depression, lack of mobility. Most often, this disorder occurs in the elderly. Disorientation is the inability to orient yourself in a situation, time, terrain, people. The main reasons:
- Stress and nervous tension.
- Consequences of anesthesia.
- Long stay in the cold.
- Heat stroke. Excessive consumption of alcohol.
- Reception of narcotic drugs, psychotropic medications, sedatives.
- Unreasonable diet.
- Post-traumatic conditions, concussion.
- The manifestation of serious diseases: diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, hypoglycemia, kidney failure, endocrine system disorders.
- The result of severe infections.
Disorientation is a violation in the mind, in which a person can not clearly and clearly think. The appearance of such a disorder requires careful examination and an accurate diagnosis. If the disorientation of consciousness is caused by taking medications, the attending physician will review their doses or prescribe another remedy.
If confusion of consciousness overtook a person by surprise, you need to try to stay calm, do not panic, and analyze the causes of the disease. Often disorientation is a signal about some disease, frustration. In this state, you need to drink a lot, monitor blood pressure, check your pulse. Sometimes, to prevent confusion, a specialist prescribes antidepressants.
Types of disorders
Among the most common types of disorientation:
- spatial disturbance;
- time lost;
- social disorientation.
With a spatial disorder, the patient can not know the place where he is. If there is a disorder in time, then the patient does not remember the days of the week, the time of the day. Sometimes in children and adolescents there is a social disorientation. It occurs when the conditions of life change for a very sensitive child. It can be entering a kindergarten, a school.
Psychological feature of a socially disoriented person is a reduced sensitivity to social norms. With these children you need to constantly work to bring their development to the appropriate level.