Hormonal contraceptives - benefit or harm?
Hormonal contraceptives are at the heart of one of the most reliable methods of preventing pregnancy. It is difficult even to calculate the number of women applying this method in their lives. It can not be argued that taking tablets is a fairly simple and effective way to protect, but there is an opinion that hormonal contraceptives cause irreparable harm to a woman's health.
Modern hormonal contraceptives have in their composition such female sex hormones as gestagen and estrogen. In tablets, these hormones are contained in different ratios. Such drugs must be taken every day. Sex hormones affect ovulation, endometrium and the properties of cervical mucus, thereby contributing to the prevention of unwanted pregnancies. All the hormonal contraceptives of the new generation have an efficiency of 99.9%.
Hormonal contraceptives produced in tablets are divided into:
- Uncombined, which in its composition do not have estrogens. Such contraceptive medications include gestagen-containing tablets, such as Kontinuin, Fermulen, Microlut.
- Combined, containing various combinations of progestogen and estrogen. These drugs include: Femoden, Marvelon, Demulen, Mersilon, Microginon, Ovidon, Tri-Regol, Antotevin, Triziston, Trikwilar.
Hormonal contraceptives have several advantages. They are one of the most effective methods of contraception. The use of contraceptive pills helps to bring the menstrual cycle back to normal, while the menses themselves become less abundant and almost painless. The use of tablets helps to relieve the psychological discomfort caused by the need for constant care to prevent a possible pregnancy. In this case, a woman can fully realize herself in sexual relations, which has a beneficial effect on communication between partners.
There are reports of scientists that hormonal contraceptives reduce the risk of possible development of a benign breast tumor, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ovarian cyst, ovarian cancer and uterus. They contribute to the prevention of various inflammatory diseases of the genital area.
These contraceptives favor the elimination of acne( acne) and prevent hair loss. Since the contraceptive effect of combined contraceptives comes from the time of taking the pill, they are sometimes used for emergency contraception. To ensure that hormonal birth control pills give almost 100% guarantee of protection, they should be taken in a strict manner, not missing a single day.
Another plus of taking such drugs is the rapid recovery of the possibility of conception of the child. So already a month after the abolition of taking pills, a woman is likely to have a pregnancy.
Of course, like any drug, hormonal contraceptives have some drawbacks. These include the need for strict adherence to the regimen, the possibility of pregnancy with a miss at least one day, the existing probability of complications and side effects. Also, these drugs do not protect against the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases.
Hormonal contraceptives should be taken solely by the doctor's prescription, since they have many contraindications. It is advisable to undergo a full examination before using the contraceptive pills, since the list of contraindications to the intake of hormonal contraceptives is very wide. The choice of these drugs is strictly individual.