Dislocation is one of the most difficult and at the same time common injuries that people turn to the emergency room. Outwardly, his symptoms are very similar to the signs of a fracture. Therefore, when thinking about how to treat dislocated legs at home, it is worth remembering that you can not direct it yourself. This can only aggravate the situation. To correct a dislocated limb or bone, you need to contact the hospital. When the diagnosis is confirmed, a qualified specialist dislocates and puts a tire, you can start treating the injury at home.
In order to answer the question: "How to treat dislocation of the foot in the home?", It is necessary to begin with understanding the concept itself.
Dislocation is the displacement of bones in the joint bag, sometimes accompanied by joint damage or sprain. The cause may be a strong blow, a fall. External signs - this is pain, swelling, change to an unusual form of the joint, lengthening or shortening of the limb.
Before you treat dislocated legs, you need to know how to help in the first few minutes after a person is injured. The first aid will be the application of a dressing or a tire to the place of dislocation for fixing the joint. Further it is necessary to impose a cold on the damaged site in order to reduce edema and relieve pain. To do this, a hot-water bottle with ice. The next action is to deliver the victim to the nearest emergency room, where they will make an x-ray, fix the dislocation and apply a temporary fixing bandage.
Dislocations must be corrected, because after three weeks the joint begins to grow together incorrectly. If this happens, then it is corrected surgically, removing new tissues.
How to treat and what to do with a leg dislocation, everyone should know. To begin with, we will sort out the types of these injuries.
Knee joint dislocation
In the knee joint, the bones of the leg and thigh are displaced relative to each other. The knee joint is covered with a dense tangle of ligaments. Displacement occurs when the ligaments have been ruptured. This is a fairly sturdy joint, its dislocation is relatively rare. To move such bones, a large force must be applied. Such injuries occur after accidents, accidents, falls from a height.
Signs and Treatment of
What symptoms can occur when a leg dislocation occurs( signs of injury)?First aid depends on which organ has been affected.
With this dislocation, the knee joint greatly changes its shape, it is impossible not to notice this. Sometimes it happens that the dislocation of the knee itself refreshes, because this joint is quite strong and a strong displacement is extremely rare. In this case, there is a strong puffiness and pain, numbness and cold tissue. And although the correction in this situation is not required, all the same treatment after the injury will not be different.
The dislocation of the knee joint is most often resorted to surgical correction, as this is a serious injury, in which arteries and large blood vessels are almost always damaged. Therefore, a gypsum is placed in the hospital, and for some time the patient will have to walk on crutches.
The only treatment that can be used in this situation is taking pain killers, applying ice to the site of the dislocation and applying ointments and rubbers to resorb it and heal bruising.
Dislocation of the foot
A dislocation of the foot is a rather rare case. Most often, subluxation of its parts is determined. Common traumas like this are a dislocation of the transverse joint, fingers, subtalar dislocation of the foot.
Treatment of injuries
Symptomatic of a dislocation or subluxation of the foot is similar to an anamnesis of tucking the leg. Feels acute pain, swelling, the inability to move the joint or fingers, discomfort when trying to get up, there are bruises and cyanosis. Such dislocations appear due to a fall or when the foot is tucked during an awkward landing after the jump.
There are different ways of what and how to treat a dislocation of the foot. The treatment prescribed by the doctor will depend on which bones were affected.
When a dislocated dislocation of the foot occurs after repositioning it under local anesthesia, a gypsum is applied for a period of 5 weeks. After it is removed, the doctor will prescribe the performance of exercise physical therapy and physiotherapy. And also it is necessary to wear special comfortable orthopedic footwear or insoles during the next year.
How to treat dislocated legs at home? In case of injury to the bones of the tarsus or metatarsus, after restoring the joint under anesthesia or local anesthesia, plaster is applied for 8 weeks, and then the patient is sent to physical therapy classes and visits to physiotherapy procedures. For the next year, you must wear orthopedic shoes.
Dislocation of phalanges of toes
Quite a rare case. With this dislocation, the fingers swell and become blue, and any movement, even minor, causes pain. Fold the phalanx of the fingers under local anesthesia, impose a plaster for 2 weeks, and after the removal prescribed physiotherapy and exercises for warm-up of the toes.
Ankle dislocation in medical language will be referred to as an "ankle dislocation".This is the most common form of such trauma. It happens when you fall, slip or turn your foot. Such dislocations can be as strong, when all the methods described above are used for treatment, and insignificant when the joint itself becomes in place. In this case, the pain intensifies, it is almost impossible to stand on the foot, there is swelling of the foot.
Such a dislocation can be treated at home. In the first days it is necessary to limit the load on the leg, apply cold, apply a fixing bandage. After the swelling is gone, the approach to treatment is radically changed. Now it is necessary to arrange the warming up of the site of the dislocation.
What to do at home?
It should be clarified that all types of such injuries are treated equally, but treatment at home begins after plaster is removed and there is no edema.
So how to treat a dislocated leg at home? First of all, it is necessary to conduct warming procedures. These include warm compresses, for example, from the broth of ginger, rubbing with warming ointments. Warm salt baths are good. An excellent antiseptic and warming agent are compresses from alcoholic tinctures of propolis, celandine, calendula.
Any of these methods will help ease the pain and speed up the healing process. But it's important not to forget: before thinking about what to do if you dislocate your legs at home, you need to visit a doctor who will professionally correct this injury.