"Teopek": reviews. When bronchitis - children. Instructions for use
The drug "Teopek" is intended for the treatment of lung diseases. Less commonly, it is used for edema associated with heart and kidney disease. The drug "Theopek", reviews on bronchitis about which are numerous and ambiguous, requires careful study before admission.
Effects on the body
The active substance of the drug is theophylline, which has an effect on various functions of the body. The main effect that he exerts is the expansion of the bronchi. This is due to the reduction of contractile activity of smooth muscles. The muscles of internal organs and vessels relax, which leads to the removal of bronchial spasm( constriction) in bronchitis. In addition, it increases the contractions of the heart muscle, stimulates the nervous system, dilates the vessels( kidney, heart, and others).
The drug affects the distribution of calcium in cells, increases alveolar ventilation of the lungs. Has a moderate diuretic effect, prevents platelet gluing, release of mast cells of allergic mediators. The composition of the drug includes an auxiliary substance - a composite polymer carrier, which facilitates the metered release of theophylline in the stomach. After 3-6 hours after intake, the peak of its concentration in the blood is observed. The presence in the body until complete elimination is 12-24 hours. It is necessary to consult a doctor before you start taking the drug, read about "Theopek" reviews: when bronchitis they are often left patients.
Indications for use
The drug is a bronchodilator, that is, expanding the clearance in the bronchi. It is prescribed to treat spasms with emphysema - a decrease in the tone of the organ tissue due to a decrease in the clearance in the bronchi. A drug is recommended for the treatment of chronic obstructive bronchitis. This is an inflammation accompanied by a difficult passage of air in the tissues of the organ. It helps with bronchial asthma.
In diseases of the heart and kidneys it is sometimes used as a diuretic, and also used to combat swelling. Rarely prescribed for ischemia. The application of "Theopek" should be agreed with the doctor. Independent use of it is fraught with adverse consequences.
Contraindications to the use of the drug
Before taking the drug "Teopek" instructions, reviews and appointment of a doctor should be studied thoroughly. After all, the drug has many contraindications. It is not recommended to use it if the patient has:
- Hyperfunction of the thyroid gland( intensified its activity).
- Hypersensitivity to theophylline or ancillary components of the drug( composite polymer carrier, calcium stearate).
- Subaortic stenosis( a disease of the heart muscles associated with a narrowing of the left ventricular cavity).
- Myocardial infarction.
- Extracorpia( heart rhythm disturbance).
- Convulsive conditions.
- Pregnancy and lactation.
- Child age - up to 14 years.
The admission of "Theopek" to patients with a stomach ulcer or duodenal ulcer is not welcome.
Side effects of "Theopeka"
Side effects occur often with the use of the drug "Teopek": instructions for use, reviews and recommendations of doctors suggest this. These include:
- sleep disturbance;
- lack of appetite;
- nervous states, a sense of anxiety;
- tachycardia( heart palpitations);
- indigestion( nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain).
Judging by the opinions of patients, negative manifestations of the drug are found in people with a tendency to such phenomena, as well as those who suffer from liver failure, gastritis, epileptic seizures, tachycardia. To improve the patient's condition, a dose reduction or complete drug cancellation is used.
At a significant excess of the prescribed dose of the drug in the patient there is a violation of the gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, heart activity. With the reception of "Theopek", some patients' reviews are negative. People say that most often this is due to the use of the drug for other purposes than normal. The reviews say that the overdose manifests itself by such symptoms:
- Diarrhea, loss of appetite.
- Vomiting( possibly with blood), bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract.
- Arrhythmia( heart rhythm disturbance).
- Tachycardia( heart palpitations).
- Hyperemia of the skin( glut of blood).
- Tachypnea( rapid breathing).
- Tremor( trembling of the hands).
- Anxiety, photophobia, overexcitation.
Other opinions of patients suggest that with a severe form of poisoning with the drug "Teopek" with bronchitis, there can be such negative phenomena:
- drop in blood pressure.
In addition, with overdoses, kidney failure occurs, and there are blood problems: hyperglycemia, hypokalemia, metabolic acidosis. For treatment, gastric lavage, laxative preparations, enterosorbent, diuretic drugs are used. To eliminate seizures, intravenously administered "Diazepam".If you have these symptoms, you should immediately call an ambulance.
How to take Teopek?
Form of preparation of the drug "Teopek" - tablets. Feedback indicates frequent side effects. Therefore, take the drug should be strictly prescribed by a doctor scheme. The tablet is washed down with water, without chewing or grinding, after eating. According to the instructions, in the first two days the medication is consumed at half the tablet once or twice a day. The interval between receptions is 12-24 hours. The dose is then increased to the whole tablet twice a day.
For each patient, the course of treatment and dose should be selected individually, according to the clinical picture of the disease, the presence of concomitant diseases. The weight of the patient's body, its sensitivity to medical preparations, simultaneous reception of other medicines should also be taken into account. In the course of treatment it is desirable to determine the level of theophylline in the blood in order to prevent overdose.
As they say about the drug "Teopek" reviews, with bronchitis it is prescribed together with other drugs. How does he interact with them?"Teopek" is not suitable for simultaneous reception with anticonvulsant drugs, barbiturates, methylxanthines. Combination with contraceptive pills( hormonal), antibiotic-macrolides, and also "Propranolol", "Furosemide", "Verapamil" is forbidden. These drugs increase the level of theophylline in the blood, which leads to an overdose and the occurrence of side effects. In addition to barbiturates, they, on the contrary, reduce the content of the active substance in the blood.
"Cimetidine", "Lincomycin", "Allopurinol", "Isoprenaline", "Propranolol" and oral contraceptives reduce the clearance rate of theophylline( redistribution and removal of the active substance from the body).There is a decrease in the effectiveness of beta-blockers and the bronchodilating effect of "Theopek"."Aminoglutethimide" increases the excretion of the active substance, which reduces the therapeutic effect. The increased activity of theophylline occurs when it is taken with Furosemide, caffeine, beta2-adrenoreceptors. Acyclovir, Verapamil, Diltiazem, Felodipine, Nifedipine, Disulfiram increase the level of the active substance in the blood, causing side effects.
Reviews about the preparation
Patients who take "Theopek", reviews with bronchitis leave ambiguous. There are both positive and negative opinions. The latter are caused most often by numerous side effects, which provoke the drug. People advise to adhere to a number of rules that will help not to damage health, but on the contrary, to recover:
- You can not take Teopek yourself, without the appointment of a doctor.
- At the reception of a specialist, tell him about the presence of concomitant diseases and the use of other medicines at the moment, tell us about the individual intolerance of the drugs, if any.
- Strictly follow the instructions prescribed by your doctor. If you have any anxiety symptoms, consult him. He will reduce the dose or cancel the reception of the drug, replacing it with another.
According to the testimonies about the preparation of "Theopek" reviews, bronchitis is prescribed for children, in spite of warnings in the instructions. Many parents note the rapid effect of treatment and a quick recovery. They argue that the child begins to sleep better at night, without suffering coughing attacks, breathe freely. Usually the reception of "Teopek" is appointed together with other medicines, the interaction with which does not cause harm, but enhances the therapeutic effect. For example, "Sumamed"( "Azithromycin") is an antibiotic-azalide.
Do not experiment and give yourself chosen medications. This can cause serious consequences in the form of side effects. This is especially true in the case of children. To give them "Theopek" follows strictly according to the instructions. The difficulty that arises before the parents is this: they do not know how to get the child to swallow the whole pill, because it can not be ground and dissolved in water. It is better if the doctor still prescribes some alternative. And "Teopek" let the children only in case of emergency. It's not for nothing that the instruction specifies age limits.