Pharyngitis and laryngitis: differences, symptoms and methods of treatment
Pharyngitis and laryngitis: differences
Pharyngitis is called inflammation of the lymphoid tissue of the okolothril ring. Often, this pathology does not arise on its own, but is a consequence of the infectious process: influenza, acute respiratory disease, whooping cough, scarlet fever, or another. The disease can have a mixed form, then it's about nasopharyngitis. Together with the shell of the pharynx, the nasal mucosa, sinuses become inflamed.
With laryngitis, an inflammatory process also occurs. Difference in its localization. It flows not in the larynx, but affects the vocal cords. Pathology can be switched to the trachea, then specialists talk about laryngotracheitis. So, pharyngitis and laryngitis occur in different areas of the disease. The differences are the first and the main ones in this.
Causes and Symptoms of
Disease Causes of colds, viral, bacterial or fungal infections can result. Pharyngitis, as a rule, does not appear itself. You already know about this. Laryngitis, on the contrary, can be an independent disease. The cause of pharyngitis is an untreated rhinitis, in which mucus drips down the back wall of the larynx. An abnormality can arise on the background of the disease or after it( with whooping cough, scarlet fever).Causing inflammation is capable even of tooth decay. The cause of laryngitis is the inhalation of dirty air, dust, domestic fumes. There is a disease due to the defeat of viruses or bacteria. To establish what exactly caused the malaise, it is possible only through laboratory studies.
Diseases of pharyngitis and laryngitis differ also in symptoms. Both inflammations are accompanied by a cut and a sore throat. With laryngitis arises hoarseness, in some cases a person can not say a word. Pharyngitis is often accompanied by high fever. Cough with laryngitis is more like barking, if the inflammation has passed to the trachea, then sputum is allocated. Pharyngitis is characterized by a dry, non-productive cough that occurs due to irritation of the lymphoid tissue. Also, a runny nose may occur, which usually does not happen with inflammation of the vocal cords. Depending on what the laryngitis or pharyngitis has symptoms, and the treatment is chosen appropriate.
Treatment of pharyngitis and laryngitis requires the use of antipyretics in those cases when the body temperature rises to 38.5 degrees. Until this point, the use of antipyretics is unreasonable. But you can with a clear conscience take painkillers and antipyretic compounds with severe headache, often it occurs with pharyngitis. Antibiotics are indicated only with confirmation of bacterial infection. With pharyngitis, preference is given to penicillin-type drugs, for example, "Augmentinu."As the statistics show, macrolides are appointed during laryngitis, for example "Sumamed".
You already know what kind of pharyngitis the symptoms are. And treatment should be selected according to them. With a dry cough, such funds as "Sinekod", "Kodelak", "Herbion" are appointed. They block spasm and improve well-being. Cough with laryngitis is usually moist, with difficulty in sputum discharge. In such a situation, it is advisable to use expectorants: "ATSTS", "Lazolvan", "Mukaltin".To treat the larynx, you can use anesthetizing antiseptics and emollients: Tantum Verde, Lugol, Doctor Mom, Strepsils.
Treatment of pharyngitis and laryngitis with folk remedies
Often patients resort to self-medication using grandmother's recipes. It is permissible to gargle with the broths of chamomile, sage, marigold. They will have an antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effect. At that and other disease it is possible to do inhalations. During laryngitis, it is contraindicated to breathe hot air. So you just aggravate your current state. Absolutely confident with this and other diseases, you can do the following manipulations:
- to warm your feet( you need mustard and warm water);
- drink fruit drinks and herbal infusions( consider the likelihood of allergies);
- soften the throat with warm milk and honey( not suitable for young children and those with intolerance to cow protein or honey);
- to warm your throat with a woolen scarf.
Remember that the use of folk methods does not relieve you of the use of medications prescribed by your doctor.
Regimen and diet
During treatment of pharyngitis and laryngitis, it is necessary to adhere to certain conditions. The patient needs more rest: give up work and household chores. Your body needs strength to recover. Laryngitis provides for the peace of the vocal cords. This means that you can not talk. Many patients mistakenly believe that whispering will help them. But such a burden only aggravates the course of the illness and delayed recovery.
Laryngitis and pharyngitis provide for the rejection of salty, peppery foods, as well as the use of spices. Eat only unheated food, exclude the cold. If there is no appetite, do not eat at all. But you can not give up drinking. Even if swallowing with pharyngitis causes you severe discomfort, you need to drink. Give preference to warm teas, decoctions and plain water.
Doctors warn: self-treatment of pharyngitis and laryngitis can translate the disease into a chronic form. While the pathology is acute, there is a chance to get rid of it in a short time. All medicines for pharyngitis and laryngitis for children should be prescribed by a pediatrician. Independently, you can give your child only antipyretics in case of need. Remember that some medicines are contraindicated to babies. For example, trousers for resorption and laryngeal irrigation are not assigned to children until 3-6 years of age.
Pharyngitis and laryngitis are isolated diseases that are rarely found together. To establish an accurate diagnosis, you need to see a specialist: a therapist, a pediatrician or an otorhinolaryngologist. Modern and correct therapy will help you avoid complications and quickly regain strength. Be healthy!