Allergy to dust mites in a child
Many parents often face such a serious problem, such as the occurrence of an allergy to dust mites in a child. If the baby has the characteristic signs, then you can not take the medication yourself without the doctor's appointment. In order for the treatment to go right, you need to accurately determine the type of allergen that only the doctor can determine.
Dust mites and their types
Before you determine how to treat allergy to dust mites, it is worth investigating what these small parasites are, what a threat they are to humans. Dust mite is an insect belonging to a class of arachnids. It dwells at an air temperature of 22-26 degrees, and it is supplied to the wool of blankets, blankets, as well as particles of dead human skin.
Ticks perfectly adapted to live in house dust, in furniture, in pillows, rugs, even in soft children's toys. The products of vital activity of parasites( feces) contain specific elements, which in many people provoke the emergence of allergies.
Symptoms of this disease can appear immediately or grow gradually. Initially, they can be expressed in the form of nasal congestion, but over time this symptomatology can be significantly aggravated. There can be a wide variety of allergies, namely:
Respiratory allergy occurs when particles of mites penetrate the respiratory tract along with dust. This provokes a cough, runny nose and itching in the nose, a sore throat. Contact allergy occurs when bites of ticks and provokes the occurrence of redness and inflammation of the affected area. Food allergies occur when mites get into the stomach and can provoke various eating disorders.
An allergy to a dust mite occurs when the insect is in close contact. Over time, an allergic reaction can pass into bronchial asthma. Among the main manifestations of human contact with dust mites can be identified:
- attacks of suffocation;
- respiratory allergosis;
If you have any symptoms of an allergy to dust mites, you should contact the doctor in a timely manner for qualified help. Only a doctor is able to prescribe an adequate treatment, for which special tests are carried out.
Causes of an allergic reaction to dust mite
Allergy to dust mites is observed quite often, and the main causes of this disease are:
- child's age.
Often, an allergy occurs during the cold, which is due to the rare airing of the room, as well as insufficient air circulation in the room. In this case, mites and products of their vital activity actively accumulate in the room. In the process of their life, mites secrete feces containing toxic substances. These waste, together with dust, rise into the air and enter the mucous membranes and human skin. This provokes the occurrence of an allergic reaction.
Cat hair can create the necessary conditions for ticks to live, as they are very fond of fleecy surfaces, where dust is always accumulated. If a pet lives in the house, it is necessary to regularly clean the house( not a pet) with a vacuum cleaner, using special nozzles that help to cope with even the slightest pollution.
Dog wool can act as an additional allergen, and together with dust it provokes the occurrence of allergic reactions. That is why it is important to monitor your health and promptly contact a doctor so that you can start treatment quickly.
Allergy Symptoms Symptoms of dust mite allergy in a child can be manifested as:
- swelling of the mucous membranes and larynx;
- the onset of a cough reflex;
- sneezing, without secretion of mucus, characteristic of the common cold;
- itching of the nasal passages;
- redness of eyes and tear;
- temperature increase;
- formation of skin rashes.
The child may have difficulty breathing, suffocating attacks, severe wheezing and dry cough. There may be other symptoms of an allergy to a dust mite, and with a strong reaction of the body, the child sometimes has Quincke's edema. All these signs can disappear on their own, if you bring the child to fresh air, but often requires a comprehensive literate treatment. As an allergy to dust mites is shown, the photo shown above demonstrates quite clearly.
There are many varieties of allergic reactions of the body. That is why it is important to know how an allergy to dust mites manifests in order to put the right diagnosis and differentiate this disease from others, for example from a cold. If the cause of the allergy is dust mites, the sick person will feel more comfortable on the street, and upon returning home all the symptoms will return.
Negative reaction of the body occurs at the moment when the patient is in contact with objects in which insects live. A pronounced allergic reaction is manifested primarily during the reproduction of these insects.
If symptoms of an allergy to a dust mite are present, you should immediately contact the doctor who must first collect the anamnesis and also prescribe additional laboratory tests, in particular such as biochemical blood analysis and skin tests.
With the help of modern methods of laboratory diagnostics and specialized tests, it is possible to identify 25 allergens that are found in mites and products of their vital activity. In addition, such studies are conducted:
- determination of the type of antibodies in serum;
is an expanded blood immunogram;
- microbiological study.
Based on this, you can select the required method of therapy. Any medications and traditional medicine can be used only after consulting a doctor.
Treatment of allergy to dust mites is primarily to eliminate the habitats of these insects( an elementary cleaning of the room, shaking out pillows and featherbeds, cleaning children's toys).In parallel, it is necessary to carry out arresting the allergic reaction with drugs prescribed by the doctor.
Symptoms and treatment of allergies to a dust mite in a child can be different, so you need to choose the right medication. Signs of the disease are treated with:
- nasal drugs.
All these medicines the doctor selects individually. If you suspect a disease, you should first contact an allergist who, if necessary, will send to an immunologist for special tests. With the help of these samples, a substance is determined that could provoke a negative reaction. It is worth remembering that medication removes only the existing symptoms, but not the main cause of the disease.
Treatment of allergy to dust mites is carried out mainly with the help of such drugs:
In addition, nasal drugs are prescribed: "Atomer Propolis" and "Aquamaris".The drug "Atomer Propolis" can be used only if there is no allergy to beekeeping products.
The drug "Telfast" allows you to get rid of the main manifestations of allergies. This drug is produced in the form of tablets. Take this medicine is allowed, starting at 6 years of age. The preparation "Erius" is available in the form of syrup and tablets. Treatment with this drug can begin with 1 year, but only with the permission of the doctor. With the help of this medication, it is possible to eliminate complications in the area of the skin and respiratory system.
The drug "Aquamaris" is prescribed even for infants. It is available in the form of sprays and drops. This remedy helps gently clean the nasal mucosa from accumulated allergens. When treating allergies to dust mites, medicines and home methods should be selected carefully, coordinating all this with the doctor, and also after all allergic tests, as this will help determine the most suitable medicine.
Elimination of allergic reactions is carried out by subcutaneous administration of extracts and extracts of allergens into the human body. Initially, they are administered in small amounts, and as you become accustomed, the dosage increases. As a result, the body gradually becomes accustomed to the irritating substance and completely ceases to react to it. This allows you to get rid of allergies forever.
To achieve the desired reaction of the body and permanently eliminate allergies, you need to do 20-40 subcutaneous injections. Sometimes during the vaccination requires the use of medications that help reduce the symptoms of the disease. However, in the future, when exposed to an allergen, the child will not experience the need for taking antihistamines.
Traditional methods of therapy
With allergy to dust mites can be treated with folk remedies and techniques. To wash out allergens from the nasal cavity, it can be washed with a solution of salt. To prepare the solution, you need to dilute 1 tsp.salt per 1 tbsp.water.
Inhalation with water vapor also helps to eliminate the symptoms of the common cold and remove inflammation of the mucous membranes. It is good to inhale steam in the bath. When allergic to a dust mite, you can drink decoctions and infusions of herbs that will help to eliminate the existing symptoms. When using this technique, it is necessary to consult with the doctor, as some medicinal plants can provoke an even more allergy attack. During the therapy it is important to follow a certain diet and exclude from your usual diet:
Among the tested medicinal plants against allergies are the following:
- St. John's Wort;
- rose hips;
- a thousand-thousandth;
- horsetail field.
You can take decoctions and infusions from these herbs individually or make a medicinal fee that will help eliminate the main symptoms of the disease.
What complications can be
If the therapy is not performed in a timely manner, the allergy to dust mites in a child can go to a chronic stage and provoke many different complications, which will be very difficult to combat. Among the main complications can be identified:
Allergic asthma leads to stagnant and inflammatory processes in the airways, asphyxiation and bronchial spasm. Allergic rhinitis provokes abundant discharge of mucus from the nose. In the absence of the required therapy, this disease is often a trigger for the onset of asthma. At the child the allergy on dust mites sometimes provokes an inflammation of a conjunctiva of eyes. If allergic conjunctivitis is treated incorrectly, the child's eyesight deteriorates, and in especially severe cases blindness occurs. Due to all the health problems mentioned above, it is important to know what to do when you are allergic to a dust mite in a child, how to treat this disease and how to reduce symptoms.
How to minimize contact with dust mites
With the constant occurrence of allergies to the dust mite, you should try to minimize the child's contact with these insects. This means doing the following:
- get rid of carpets;
- replace feather cushions with synthetic ones, for example, with synthetic ones;
- take out of the children's room fur garments;
- wash bed linen at a temperature of at least 60 degrees, using various additives that kill mites;
- curtains and curtains, if possible, replace with blinds;
- to limit the contact of the allergic child with the cat and / or the dog( if they are in the house);
- for things and books highlight closable cabinets and shelves;
- often take out blankets, pillows, stuffed toys.
In addition to the above measures, it is recommended to use anti-dust and hypo-allergenic covers to store laundry, daily to do a wet cleaning in the room, washing the floor with a special solution prepared with the addition of salt. In rooms it is desirable to put air cleaners equipped with ozonizers and ultraviolet lamps, as they help reduce the accumulation of mites in the air. It is important to consume a sufficient amount of vitamin C, which helps strengthen the immune system. For this purpose, it is desirable for a child to include in the diet fruits and vegetables, in which this vitamin is abundant. But you need to choose the menu for your allergic baby with care, so that he does not have any additional reactions.
How to get rid of dust mites
To live dust mites can not only in the layers of dust on the surface of cabinets and other inaccessible places, but also settle closer to their main source of food - human skin. This means that large-scale colonies of mites are formed in the skin of upholstered furniture, in mattresses, even in towels that have not been washed for a long time. The disease begins when the number of these insects is exceeded in dust layers or in upholstered furniture. In the event that there are 5-10 thousand individuals per gram of dust, the person begins an acute allergic reaction, which is expressed in the form of rashes, similar to tick bites.
Completely banish ticks from the room is almost impossible. However, it is necessary to regularly reduce their numbers to a value that is not dangerous to human health. For this you need:
- to ventilate the room frequently;
- thoroughly iron linens and textiles;
- to take out on a frost cushions, paths, carpets;
- monitor the humidity in the rooms.
Laundry and cleaning must be done regularly, as this will help to eliminate not only dust mites, but also many other parasites. When cleaning, it is not recommended to use conventional vacuum cleaners, since they only scatter microparticles of dust in the air. It is best to use vacuum cleaners equipped with special filters that detain dust particles, and with it dust mites.
If there is a constant allergy to the presence of dust mites, a simple wet cleaning will not help them to get rid of. Therefore, when cleaning, special tools are used, which are divided into categories such as:
Natural remedies help to significantly improve the health of an allergy sufferer and do not require significant material and technical costs. The natural methods of combating the dust mite include:
- ensuring the maximum amount of light;
- low temperature and humidity;
- cleaning and ventilation of fabric and feather products.
All these techniques are considered very good prevention, which will help create a rather uncomfortable environment for the growth and reproduction of these insects. If a person has a strong allergy and contact with the allergen significantly worsens well-being, then chemicals can be used to eliminate mites. To eliminate these insects, you can apply a special spray that will help to quickly and without harm to human health to destroy dust mites in the house. Among the most popular sprays can be identified such:
- Easy Air;
To get rid of dust mites with a spray, just spray the room with this product so that the parasites die. In addition, there are special means for washing.
Reviews about the treatment of
Quite often there is an allergy to a dust mite. Reviews on the treatment of patients with various anti-allergic drugs are mostly positive. Some patients note the good effect of the drug "Cetirizine", as it helps very quickly eliminate the underlying manifestations of the disease. Particularly well is the drug during the treatment of allergies in the initial stages.
The "Eden" drug has also received good reviews, as this medicine can be given to a child starting from 1 year. Literally a few days after the start of the drug, patients note the normalization of well-being. Almost immediately there is a runny nose, sneezing and rashes.
Some patients note that Fenistil has helped them well, because skin rashes occur within a few days after the start of its administration, itching decreases, and eyes begin to water less.