Varicose Diet: What You Can Eat?
Every fourth woman and every tenth man are faced with a feeling of heaviness in the legs, edemas, burning sensation and widening of the calf veins. All these are symptoms of developing venous insufficiency, a serious disease that is dangerous for its complications. What should be diet and nutrition for varicose veins to avoid severe consequences?
A little about the disease
Veins, blood vessels carrying the blood to the heart muscle, are equipped with special valves that allow transporting the liquid in all directions, including vertically upward. After the discharge of blood, they, like a small gate, firmly close their doors, not allowing blood flow again to rush down. But, being in a spasm condition, the valves become untenable, and some of the blood freely penetrates back, expanding the veins and creating a weight in the lower limbs.
The beginning of the disease is indicated by vascular sprouts on the legs, since small vessels under the skin begin to suffer the first, noticeable tubercles appear and, finally, pain and swelling that bring suffering to the person. The diet for varicose veins of the lower extremities is not capable of completely eliminating the problem, but in combination with wearing compression linen, daily gymnastics for feet and foot baths can significantly improve the condition, eliminating the danger of complications. The most serious of them are phlebitis( inflammation of the veins), the formation of ulcers on the skin and the appearance of blood clots - blood clots, a deadly disease.
The main causes of the disease
Genetic predisposition is one of the main causes of varicose veins. Women are more vulnerable to it. This is due to improperly selected hormonal contraception and pregnancy. With her, pressure is created on the pelvic organs, in which varicose veins can also develop. A sedentary lifestyle, finding a long time in a static vertical position, excessive weight creates an increased pressure on the veins of the legs, provoking the disease.
In the risk group, elderly people with constipation, workers lifting heavy loads, as well as people with chronic diseases, associated with frequent sneezing and a prolonged cough. A person with a predisposition already has a diet for varicose veins to minimize the risk of developing the disease.
What should be excluded from the diet
Based on the known causes of the disease, the following products should be excluded from use:
- conducive to thickening of the blood;
- causing weakening of intestinal motility and leading to constipation;
- affecting weight gain;
- leading to thinning of the veins.
In the list of unwanted dishes, fatty meat and fish varieties and strong rich broths, smoked and canned foods, spicy, sweet and salty foods, alcohol, carbonated drinks, coffee and whole milk. The diet for varicose veins requires the refusal to use products made from high-grade flour, jelly, stew and marinades. Food from a series of semi-finished products, fast food and other fast food dishes, products with dyes, GMOs and all containing the "E" coding, should be categorically excluded from the menu.
People with excess weight need to control the consumption of calories, remembering that a decrease in body weight, even by 10%, can lead to a significant improvement in the state. To spend more calories than taking with food, you need:
- to reduce the diet;
- use low-calorie foods;
- to increase physical exercise.
Reducing the calorie content of food by 900 kcal per day can lead to a reduction in weight by 500 g per week. Starve and leave the body without the necessary vitamins and minerals can not. This will lead to a decrease in the level of hormones, slowing metabolism and destroying muscle tissue. A diet with varicose veins requires five meals a day, which allows you to exclude snacks using flour products and sugary drinks, consuming a day of water( up to 2 liters) in between meals and a variety of multivitamins and fiber-rich menus.
Importance of Vitamin C with
Vitamin C provides the synthesis of elastin and collagen necessary for good veins, and also improves blood circulation. Its effect is enhanced by interaction with vitamin E. Deficiency of foods saturated with these vitamins leads to an aggravation of lower limb disease. The diet for varicose must include fruits such as avocados, which in addition to the necessary elixir of life is present glutathione, a substance that protects the cardiovascular system.
A large amount of vitamin C is found in bell peppers, Brussels sprouts, dill, celery. Vegetables should be consumed with vegetable oil. The leader in the content of vitamin C is a dogrose, the broth from which you can drink before breakfast, which will promote a good metabolism. Oranges and lemons, strawberries and raspberries are desirable on the dining table of every person at risk for the disease.
The use of fiber
The peculiarity of fiber is the lack of nutritional value with great importance for the digestive system. Conditionally it can be divided into two types: soluble and insoluble. The difference is that the first when combined with water turns into a gel-like mass, and the second is not subject to any changes when passing through the digestive tract. Soluble fiber is indispensable in the fight against constipation, as it changes the consistency of feces. The diet for varicose veins should include foods rich in fiber.
The best representatives of soluble fiber - beans, apples, pears, flax seeds, oats and carrots. Do not underestimate the role of insoluble fiber( greens, nuts, seeds and husk husks).It, like a sponge, absorbs and retains toxins, removing them from the body, helping to cleanse the intestines.
The need for bioflavonoids
The substances produced by plants that promote the absorption of vitamin C are often called vitamin C2.These are bioflavonoids, of which rutin, quercetin, hesperidin and catechin are well studied. They are able to strengthen the walls of capillaries, prevent bleeding, improve blood circulation in the heart muscle, perfectly relax both blood vessels and digestive ducts. Unique substances come out of the body with urine and then, not oversaturating it. Eating foods rich in flavonoids is included in the complex treatment of varicose veins.
The diet includes citrus, buckwheat, apple skins, in which there are necessary routines and gesperedin. Onions, green tea, dark grapes, red wine and St. John's wort contain quercetin, the strongest antioxidant, capable of neutralizing intestinal toxins. Green tea, along with apples, grapes and berries, also includes a catechin, which strengthens the walls of the vessels of the capillaries.
Important products for the prevention of varicose veins
Of the berries one of the best products is blueberries. Being a source of vitamins C and E, in addition it includes collagen and anthocyanidin, which helps to restore proteins forming the walls of blood vessels. In addition, blueberries are a supplier of soluble and insoluble fiber, which makes it indispensable in the menu. As a seasoning for various dishes, a diet with varicose should include rosemary, which improves blood circulation. It contains ursolic acid, which can strengthen capillaries.
When the veins are damaged, the body can not cope with the dissolution of fibrin. This makes them painful and dense. There is a plant that can help vessels, improving their circulation is ginger. It is called superfood in its healing properties. As for its ecological compatibility, asparagus is allocated, which protects the vessels from ruptures. It is undeservedly not among the most used products, which is unfair. More popular beets reduce the level of homocysteine in the blood, which can damage the walls of blood vessels.
Diet for varicose veins and thrombophlebitis
In case of severe disease and the occurrence of complications in the form of thrombophlebitis, nutrition should be treated with the utmost care, respecting its regimen and eliminating unwanted products. A sample menu might look like this:
|Day I||Day II||Day III|
|Breakfast||Oatmeal in water with raisins, figs or prunes.||Low-fat cottage cheese with honey, berries or fruit. Rice pudding with prunes or dried apricots.|
|The second breakfast||Smoothies: kiwi and orange with honey.||Fruit mousse. Baked pear.|
|Lunch||Vegetable salad, chicken soup from white meat, Borodino bread.||Meat okroshka on whey or kefir with the use of low-fat veal, baked aubergine, grain bread. Onion soup, vegetable casserole, rye rusks. Salad with carrots and apples with yoghurt.||Green tea with dried apricots or nuts.||Vegetable juice( beets, tomatoes, carrots, pumpkin).|
|Dinner||Salad from sea kale, a portion of river fish, wheat bread of yesterday's baking.||Salad from beets, goulash from the liver, buckwheat porridge, Borodino bread.||Chicken meatballs or stuffed peppers with chicken meat, mashed potatoes, Borodino bread.|
The diet for varicose veins of the legs should include a plentiful drink in between meals: water with lemon, honey, dog rose, mineral, usual filtered and necessarily at room temperature.