The drug "Paracetamol": action, description, features of application and reviews
Remedies for fever removal and pain relief should be present in each family medicine chest. You never know at what time a person can feel unwell. One of the most popular medicines with a similar effect is Paracetamol. The action, application and feedback about the tool will be presented to your attention in the article. You will learn about the peculiarities of using the medicine and you will be able to familiarize yourself with its basic forms.
Description of the drug
What does the drug "Paracetamol" give? The action of the drug is due to its constituents. At the moment, the most popular form is the tablet form. Also you can buy the formulation in capsules with a gelatinous shell. The medicine is produced in the form of a sweet suspension, a powder for the preparation of medicinal tea. The agent can also have the form of rectal suppositories.
The active substance of the drug is the eponymous component - paracetamol. In tablets, rectal suppositories and a suspension of additional medications is not found. While the powder for tea can have antiviral and vitamin supplements in its composition. The drug "Paracetamol" is available in a dosage of 100, 200, 375 and 500 milligrams. Depending on the age and symptoms of the disease, it is worth selecting an individual treatment regimen.
Paracetamol: the mechanism of action of
You already know that the medicine has antipyretic effect. It is for the reduction of temperature that it is used most often. The composition is also recognized as a good analgesic. In addition, the drug "Paracetamol" has an anti-inflammatory effect. However, it is very weak. If it is necessary to act on the focus of inflammation, then it makes sense to choose other drugs.
The composition works mainly in the hypothalamus. At the same time, the method of its application and absorption is absolutely unimportant. The drug inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandins, which removes troubling pain symptoms and fever. The drug "Paracetamol" begins its action in the small intestine. This is where the main absorption of the drug occurs. Most of the drug is removed through the liver. In what situations is it necessary to use the drug "Paracetamol"?The effect of the described medication will be relevant for any type of fever and the development of pain syndrome. The annotation specifies such indications for use:
- viral and bacterial diseases, common cold;
- genital tract infections( in complex therapy);
- headaches and migraines( at the beginning of its manifestation);
- joint and muscle pain;
- toothache, myalgia, osteochondrosis;
- infectious-inflammatory diseases;
- febrile conditions of various etiologies in children and adults;
- periodic pain in women and so on.
It should be noted that the drug is not used for prevention, it does not affect the duration and course of the disease. The action of Paracetamol on the body is exceptionally symptomatic.
When can I not apply a compound?
Like many other drugs, the action of "Paracetamol" has its limitations and prohibitions. All of them are prescribed in the instructions for use. That is why you should carefully study the annotation before using the drug.
It is forbidden to use the medicine with hypersensitivity to its components. Do not take the medication orally with erosion or stomach ulcer. The composition is not recommended for exacerbation of bronchial asthma, polyposis of the nose. If there is an intolerance of acetylsalicylic acid in the anamnesis, it is better to refuse such treatment in favor of other means. Severe renal and hepatic insufficiency is a contraindication to the use of medication. If there is bleeding in the intestine of an unknown genesis, then it is also forbidden to apply the medicine.
With special care, the composition is prescribed for kidney damage, heart failure. When a stomach condition is used, use a medication in the form of rectal suppositories. The composition must be carefully applied for alcoholism and diabetes.
Features of application of the preparation
The action of "Paracetamol" tablets will be effective only at the correct dosage. That is why it is necessary to select the drug individually. The duration of use depends on the symptomatology. It is not recommended to use the composition for more than three days in order to lower body temperature. The drug can be used for five days if it is necessary to eliminate the pain syndrome. If the symptomatology persists after the specified time, it is necessary to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
For adults and children with a body weight of 60 kilograms, the drug is prescribed at a dose of 500 mg. In this case, you need to take into account the available dosage of the drug. If there are tablets of 200 mg, then you need to drink 2.5 pills. When using a suspension of 100 mg / 5 ml, 25 ml should be taken. Preliminarily make a calculation of your portion. For one day, you can take the medicine up to 4 times with a break of 6 hours.
Use in children
The drug "Paracetamol", which lasts for 6-8 hours, is prescribed to children from three months of life. With this feature of use is that the right dose is calculated based on the weight of the baby. For every kilogram of the child's body weight, 10-15 mg of paracetamol should be administered.
Thus, if your child weighs 15 kilograms, then it can be given from 150 to 225 mg. Remember to take into account the portion you have. Babies are usually prescribed medication in the form of a suspension or rectal suppository. Tablets are prescribed to children of an older age. However, if you do not have anything but capsules at hand, you can give the baby and them. However, before this, the composition is ground and dissolved in clean drinking water.
Features of use in future mothers
You already know what the drug "Paracetamol" has. It anesthesizes and lowers the temperature. There are situations when such help is necessary for pregnant women. As you know, during this period you can not use many medicines, because they can have a negative impact on the developing fetus. However, doctors report that the drug "Paracetamol" is the safest. This is why it is recommended that it is recommended when antipyretic therapy is needed during pregnancy.
Doctors report that future moms can use the drug in a minimal dosage. First, take 100 mg of the drug. If such a helping portion, then it should not be increased. Thus, you will save your crumb from the teratogenic effect of the drug.
Paracetamol: side effects and the likelihood of their occurrence
The drug can sometimes cause negative reactions. If they appear, be sure to consult a specialist for advice. If necessary, the doctor will cancel this drug or replace it with an alternative.
The most common side reaction is allergy. It manifests itself as a toothache, rash on the skin and hives. Also possible abdominal pain, nausea. With prolonged and excessive use, there may be a malfunction in the liver.
Overdose of medication can lead to severe renal failure. There is evidence that the use of 40 tablets at one time causes a lethal outcome. However, such information is refuted by many manufacturers and specialists.
Reviews about the drug
Consumers report that the drug "Paracetamol" side effects is extremely rare. When the dosage and the regimen are observed, the composition is well tolerated. Despite its inexpensive cost, the drug is very effective. So, the average price of tablets is 5-10 rubles. Rectal suppositories will cost you about 40 rubles. Suspension for oral administration costs a little more expensive and depends on the manufacturer of the drug.
The medication is fast starting its action. Within 10-15 minutes, there is a decrease in the pain syndrome. If you need to eliminate fever, the temperature begins to fall after 20-30 minutes. There are also good reviews about the duration of the composition. The medication is effective from 6 to 8 hours. In some situations, repeated use is not required. The composition should preferably be taken before bedtime. This is reported by patients. The medicine in this case works during the night, which makes it possible to sleep peacefully. This is especially true in younger children, who do not tolerate pain and temperature.
A small conclusion
You have learned some information about all the familiar antipyretic preparation "Paracetamol".It is worth recalling that the drug should not be taken with alcohol. In this case, there is a strong hepatotoxic effect, which can lead to the destruction of the liver. Use alcoholic beverages allowed only after the complete removal of the drug from the body, which is approximately 8 hours from the last reception. Follow the instructions and be healthy!