How to recognize lung cancer at an early stage: symptoms and causes
Unfortunately, for today oncological diseases are not uncommon. A large number of people suffer from malignant tumors. One of the most common is lung cancer. At an early stage, the symptoms are already becoming pronounced, although many people do not pay proper attention to them. And in vain, because the new formation can be defeated. Well, we should talk about this in more detail.
What is the first thing to say about lung cancer at an early stage? Symptoms of this disease many people do not perceive as something terrible or unusual. In general, the oncological lesion of this organ is very rarely detected at random( say, after fluorography).Only 1/5 of all cases were detected through this procedure.
Another thing to remember is that many of the symptoms, in fact, are similar to other pathologies that are not associated with oncology. They are often similar to those that accompany a person with tuberculosis, during acute infectious diseases( or chronic), bronchial asthma, pneumonia, or even with pleurisy. So if a person feels strange, then the complaints of some will not be enough. But how is lung cancer diagnosed at an early stage? CT scan( computed tomography) is the solution. The procedure is expensive, but it's better than any X-ray. Sometimes the tumor can be detected by studying the fluid from the pleural cavity. But to date, CT is the safest and most effective method.
Cough - an excuse to worry
Indeed, quite often it can be a kind of "beacon".Cough always accompanies lung cancer at an early stage. Symptoms are different, but this one is basic. So, coughing is usually frequent and very debilitating. Accompanied by sputum of an unpleasant yellow-green color. If a person is in the cold for a long time or is engaged in manual labor, the amount of these outgoing excreta increases.
Also, when coughing, there may be bloody discharge. They usually have a scarlet or pink tinge. Often in the sputum clots are visible. Even when a person coughs, he feels severe pain in this case both in the throat and in the thorax. Often this is a symptom of a strong virus, influenza, for example, but if there are other suspicions and signs, do not ignore it. In addition to cough, there is shortness of breath and wheezing. It's all the same symptoms of lung cancer at an early stage.
Pains and other sensations
More oncology can accompany too fast fatigue, apathy and eternal fatigue. Often there is a significant weight loss. These symptoms of lung cancer at an early stage are a worrying signal. It is necessary to listen to this if a person with a previous diet suddenly began to lose weight.
General malaise is also one of the signs of the disease. More often there is an increase in body temperature, not associated with viral diseases. Often the voice of a person changes. Appears hoarseness - this is due to the fact that the tumor touches the nerve that controls the larynx. Difficult breathing occurs. By the way, if we talk about how to recognize lung cancer at an early stage, then, perhaps, the main answer here is to listen to breathing. It is important. In the initial stages, a person has to exert a lot of effort to fully breathe. This is because the neoplasm is an obstacle to the usual flow of air.
Often there may be pain in the shoulder area. If the neoplasm has affected the nerve endings, then the sensations will appear from the side of the affected organ. The swallowing function is also disturbed - it is also a common symptom by which you can recognize lung cancer at an early stage. Symptoms of this kind are manifested when the new growth enters the esophagus. In this case, the airways are simply blocked.
And of course, muscle weakness. Many people perceive it as a matter of course - there may have been severe consequences from work or excessive force load. But often this is an alarming signal, which you need to pay attention to.
What can provoke an oncology?
This topic should also be noted with attention, telling about how to recognize lung cancer at an early stage, the photo of which is provided above. Actually, there can be a lot of reasons. The most common is, of course, smoking. But not only because of it there is a malignant neoplasm. There are two factors - permanent( unchanged) and modifiable( that is, changing).And the first of these people can not change anything. Firstly, it is the age of a person - more than 50 years. Secondly, genetic factors( conditionality).Third, pollution of the environment. Also, strong disruptions in the endocrine system( especially in women) and the presence of chronic lung diseases( pneumonia, tuberculosis, bronchitis, etc.) can also affect. Because of these ailments, the lung tissue is deformed, and scars develop on it. This often becomes an excellent "soil" for cancer.
What about smoking. .. This topic is developed by hundreds of scientists, this is said in all media, and all over the world are trying to solve this problem so that as few people as possible buy cigarettes and other tobacco products. The dangers of smoking and tobacco dependence can be said forever. But the fact remains - in the process of absorption of tobacco smoke into the lungs are destructive carcinogenic substances, settling on the live gentle pink epithelium, which eventually becomes dead, scorched, blue-black surface.
Degrees of Oncology
So, how can we determine lung cancer at an early stage in the home? The answer is simple - nothing at all. If even a fluorography only in 20% of cases reveals a malignant neoplasm, then what can be said about "folk" methods.
The first stage of oncology is a small tumor, the size of which is a maximum of three centimeters. Or is it completely "dropping out" of the main tumor of another organ. It is extremely difficult to detect it - only by computed tomography, which was mentioned at the very beginning.
The second stage is when the tumor is more than 3 centimeters and overlaps the bronchus. Neoplasm can germinate into the pleura. In the third stage, the tumor extends to a number of existing structures. Appears atelectasis of the whole lung. And the fourth stage is the germination of the tumor in nearby organs. This is the heart, large vessels. Metastatic pleurisy may occur. Unfortunately, the forecasts in this case are disappointing.
Is it real to cure?
This question arises in all people who have discovered cancer. All of them, regardless of the stage, hope for a positive outcome. Well, everything is possible in this life! There are people who claim that they managed to overcome the cancer, and he retreated. Of course, the outlook will be much more positive if the stage is early. This form of the disease is more easily amenable to chemotherapy and radiation treatment. And in general, the percentage of people who recovered in such cases is very high. But unfortunately, if you take it in the last stages, the patient may not be easy to get. In these cases, the survival rate is 10%.
So, talking about how to recognize lung cancer at an early stage in adults, you can not help but touch on the topic of prevention. It is very important because it helps to fight the disease. Well, the most important thing is a refusal from smoking, adherence to a special diet and, of course, dismissal from work if it involves an obligatory presence in a place where a high content of harmful substances is observed.
It is necessary to abandon the acute, fatty and fried foods and eat instead of it foods high in fiber, low-fat fish and necessarily white meat. It is not superfluous to include in the diet dried fruits, nuts, cereals and natural, real chocolate.
Medical events are extremely important. These are planned examinations and treatment. If the patient is in a special risk group, he is sometimes prescribed special drugs that replace tobacco. This reduces the need for smoking to a minimum, but the dose of harmful nicotine is replaced by a medical one. Gradually, step by step, observing all the recommendations and not starting your health, you can get better and start enjoying life again.