In the mouth, the pimple: causes and methods of treatment
This phenomenon, like a white pimple in the mouth, occurs quite often. Pleasant in such a situation a little, because such formations are quite painful, especially during a conversation, drinking or eating food. Those who do not even know what acne looks like in the mouth, the photo below will help to get a common understanding. In case of a problem, this will make it possible not to get lost and take all the necessary and correct measures.
Let's talk about why there is a pimple in my mouth. What kind of diseases can he testify, what are the ways of treating and preventing inflammation?
In the mouth of the pimple: what does it mean
So, what are the pimples that appear in the mouth? These are inflammation of the oral mucosa( cheeks, lips, soft palate).A similar disease has the generalized name "stomatitis".Purulent pimples in the mouth are also divided into several species that depend on the pathogen of inflammation. Let's take a closer look at each of the possible variants of stomatitis, as well as some other reasons for the appearance of such a nuisance.
In this situation, the causative agent of the disease is the herpes virus. Appears pimple in the mouth: on the lip or cheek. In most cases, herpetic stomatitis occurs in adolescents or small children.
In the mouth the pimple looks like a small bubble filled with liquid. He quickly bursts. As a result, in its place appears a small painful sore with a white coating on its circumference.
During this type of stomatitis, a slight increase in temperature is observed. In addition, you need to monitor the condition of the lymph nodes, as it is possible to increase them.
Several bacteria are the causative agents of this disease. In most cases, it is staphylococcus or streptococcus. Bacterial stomatitis can occur after a cold or sore throat, when the body spends a lot of energy on recovery.
Secondary signs of the disease are usually absent, only in some rare cases there may be weakness and a slight increase in temperature.
In case of bacterial stomatitis, there may appear a pimple in the mouth on the cheek, gums and mucous lips. Such rashes do not bring much harm and pass without a trace. The main thing in this situation is to prevent further reproduction of bacteria.
Fungal( candidal) stomatitis
This is the most common type of stomatitis. The causative agent of the disease is the candida fungus. It also causes the appearance of thrush in women and men.
The main cause of excessive reproduction of this type of fungus is the reduction of general or local immunity. This can happen, for example, because of improper intake of antibiotics, resulting in violations in the microflora of the body.
Fungal stomatitis begins with reddening of the mucous membrane of the mouth and the appearance on it of small point deposits. After this, there is an increase in the amount of plaque, edema of the mucosa and the appearance of erosions on it.
It is in no case impossible to ignore this disease, since in the absence of proper treatment it can spread throughout the gastrointestinal tract.
The causative agent of herpagina is the enterovirus, or to be more precise, the coxsacka virus. Most often, the disease occurs among young children and is characterized by the appearance of a small rash in the tongue and walls of the cheeks.
In the mouth, a pimple( in the form of a small bubble with a liquid) quickly bursts, and in its place appears a white plaque, which is very difficult to remove. Herpangin may be accompanied by an increase in temperature, as well as reddening of the mucous membrane of the mouth and throat. The disease can trigger the appearance of rashes on the arms and legs of the child or cause constipation.
White spots in the mouth and children's infections
Infant diseases such as chicken pox, rubella, measles, scarlet fever, epidparotitis and pertussis are accompanied by changes in the microflora in the mouth. Pimples appear first one, but soon you can find a rash on the inside of your cheek. After 2-3 days you can find papules, which are known as spots of Filatov-Koplik. Their appearance confirms such a diagnosis as measles.
To treat these rashes it is not necessary, since the reason for their appearance is in the presence of a serious disease. It must be eliminated first.
White pimples in the mouth with other diseases
In adults, the appearance of acne and ulcers on the mucous membrane of the mouth may indicate the presence of such a terrible disease as lupus. It is characterized by malfunctions in the immune system, when the body struggles with itself.
Ulcers with lupus are painful and very poorly heal. Define the disease and prescribe the necessary treatment can only an experienced specialist. This is done by putting all the necessary tests.
The manifestation of lupus can easily be confused with secondary syphilis. The rash during both diseases is of an identical nature. Therefore, do not be surprised if the doctor prescribes to donate blood for the detection of syphilis. This must be done in order to be able to establish an accurate diagnosis.
Once we have talked about sexually transmitted diseases, then with syphilis, the rash has a periodic character - it appears, after a while disappears, and then comes back.
Pimples on the palate in the mouth may appear for several reasons:
- allergic reaction;
- availability of immunity problems;
- damage to the mucous membrane by mechanical means( prick, scratch, etc.);
- ingestion into the oral cavity and the development of any infection.
Depending on the type of disease, the necessary methods of treatment are selected.
Treatment of acne in the mouth
First of all, it should be noted that in case of acne and rash in the mouth, in no case should self-medication. Only an experienced specialist can correctly identify the disease and prescribe the necessary therapy. The diagnosis in this case is based on the results of the analysis of the smear from the oral cavity.
As a rule, treatment is performed with antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs. In cases where acne, rashes or ulcers cause very severe pain, the patient may be prescribed analgesics.
Local treatment, which is performed in most cases, consists in rinsing the mouth. For these purposes, a soda solution can be used( a teaspoon of soda dissolved in a glass of warm boiled water), as well as infusions of useful medicinal plants: plantain, chamomile, calendula, sage. Young children can rinse the mouth with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or "Miromistin".
In the case of candidal stomatitis, antifungal agents may be prescribed( "Fluconazole", "Nystatin", etc.).
If you have pimples and sores in your mouth, you need to immediately revise your menu and for a while exclude from it citrus fruits, as well as other fruits and juices that contain a lot of natural acid. This will help to avoid irritation and pain. In addition, it is better to limit the intake of solid foods( chips, biscuits, etc.), since they can damage the upper layer of the ulcer, as a result of which it can increase in size.
Prevention of acne in the mouth
The main way to prevent the emergence of inflammation in the form of purulent pimples and sores is compliance with the rules of oral hygiene. Even in the presence of stomatitis, in no case can daily dentistry be canceled. If discomfort or pain appears after applying the paste or balm rinse, it is worthwhile to replace the usual means for others that do not contain sodium lauryl sulfate and alcohol in the composition.
In addition, regular visits to the dentist are required, which will help to notice and eliminate possible problems in time: broken teeth, fallen parts of the seal, etc.
Some foods that can not be transferred by the body individually can also provoke the appearance of purulent pimples in the mouth. What to do if there are suspicions that the appearance of stomatitis is associated with the use of certain foods? There are two options: contact an allergist or solve the problem yourself. In the second case, it is recommended to have a special "food diary" in which all the foods that were consumed in food will be recorded. The downside of the method is that the detection of any pattern may require a considerable amount of time.
Special attention should be paid to strengthening immunity in all possible ways. For example, you can start taking multivitamins, the lack of which provokes the appearance of the disease.