Before the ultrasound of the abdominal cavity what can you eat? Basic principles
To the examination of the cavity of the stomach should be prepared in advance. After all, it affects the quality of the diagnosis. With ultrasound, you can see the following organs: stomach, gall bladder, spleen, liver, pancreas, intestines, kidneys, ureters, bladder, uterus( in women), prostate gland( in men), adrenal glands.
Preparing for the procedure
When recording for the examination, you need to find out in advance what you need to do before the ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, that you can eat. This will determine the accuracy of the results of the procedure. Under the ban fall products that cause bloating and flatulence. Also, the patient will need to refuse to take some medications.
In some cases, the doctor may recommend a qualitative cleaning of the intestine. It must be remembered that a few days before the procedure you need to drink herbs that help improve digestion and reduce gas. For this purpose, tea from chamomile, mint, lemon balm is suitable.
Some doctors, answering a question, whether it is possible to eat before ultrasonic of an abdominal cavity, advise to drink enzyme preparations for some days before inspection. It can be ordinary activated carbon or "Festal".
Necessary diet: how and when to start preparing
Ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity will not be of high quality, if you do not start on time to comply with the diet. It should last at least three days before the procedure. An ultrasound specialist or a doctor who sent a patient for examination can explain what can be eaten before the ultrasound of the abdominal cavity.
Food should be balanced and complete. There are no big breaks between meals. It is necessary to plan your day so that the food gets into the stomach every 3-4 hours. You need to eat at least 4 times a day. Daily the patient should eat porridge and low-fat varieties of fish and meat. You can also include in the daily menu 1 boiled egg, cheese. Drink only weak tea and water without gas.
If a person has a digestive problem, frequent constipation, then it is better to stick to the diet for 5 days. It is desirable that between the examination and the last meal took 8-12 hours, so there is no sense to ask the doctor if breakfast can be done before the ultrasound of the abdominal cavity.
Examination of the youngest patients
Breast and preschool children are often prescribed ultrasound diagnosis. Toddlers need to prepare for the procedure in much the same way as adults. But it is difficult for them to withstand more than 8 hours without food. Therefore, for them there are other requirements.
Children who are breastfeeding are not fed only 2-4 hours before the study. Water is not given for 1 hour before the procedure. The time for ultrasound is selected in such a way that the examination is conducted before the forthcoming next feeding.
Children under the age of 3 are advised to skip 1 feeding before the procedure. But also they can make an examination in the early morning( before breakfast).Children from 3 years of age and older should be about 6 hours before the procedure "hunger".That is why the survey is conducted in the morning, while the child has not yet eaten. Drinking is allowed no later than 1 hour before the procedure.
Other rules regarding what you can eat before the ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, remain unchanged. Do not give children a day before the test to give fruit and vegetable puree. They may take too long to digest.
List of Prohibited Products
Before the examination, the patient should do everything possible to minimize the likelihood of gas formation in the intestine. Therefore, many products fall under the ban. Among them:
- black bread and buns( the amount of white bread should be minimized);
- fresh fruit( you will have to give up apricots, apples, peaches, pears, etc.);
- legumes: lentils, peas, beans;
- sour-milk products;
- whole milk;
- vegetables: you can not potatoes, cabbage, onions, asparagus and so on;
- not all spices that irritate the intestines( this: coriander, cumin, pepper, cinnamon);
- fatty fish and meat;
- alcohol and carbonated drinks.
The person who is going to the examination, it is necessary to adhere to a strict diet for three days. Only in this case it can be expected that the diagnosis will be carried out correctly.
Preparation: three days before the
examination Everyone, either alone or with the help of a doctor, should understand what to do before the ultrasound of the abdominal cavity. That it is possible to eat, it is necessary to find out separately. In three days you need to change the diet. Food should fall into the stomach 4-5 times a day. Breaks between meals should be no more than 4 hours, except for night time. Daily it is necessary to drink more than 1.5 liters of water.
All products that are banned should be excluded from the diet. You can eat the following:
- porridge on the water: barley, oatmeal, buckwheat, linseed;
- boiled eggs( not more than 1 pc per day);
- lean beef, chicken without skin, fish;
- lean cheese.
All products can be baked, steamed, boiled, stewed.
Patients who suffer from flatulence are prescribed special medications. The doctor may advise taking activated charcoal, Enteros-Gel or Espumizan. Also, gas formation can be prevented easily with the help of enzymatic means, such as "Creon", "Mezim", "Pangrol", "Festal".
The day before the ultrasound diagnosis
On the day preceding the examination, we must take very careful consideration of what to do before the ultrasound of the abdominal cavity. What you can eat, you must choose with particular care.
Throughout the day, the patient can adhere to generally accepted recommendations and eat cereals and low-fat meat. But on the eve of the study, we must once again remember whether it is possible to eat before the ultrasound of the abdominal cavity. Even more restrictive restrictions become in the evening. Starting from 20:00 it is desirable to completely give up eating. Therefore, a light dinner should be eaten until this hour.
In the evening doctors advise to refuse meat and fish products. They can be digested for a long time and prevent a full-fledged examination. If a person has a tendency to constipation, he will be prescribed a laxative. He will need to drink around 16 hours. This time will be enough for a full cleaning of the intestine before ultrasound of the abdominal cavity. What can be eaten and what preparations should be taken, the patient should remember. But the doctor must prescribe the medicine. It can be "Senadé", "Senadexin" and so on. Also, such patients are advised to start the day before the examination to start using Espumizan, Meteopazmil or Simethicone.
If laxatives do not have the expected effect, then mechanical cleaning is necessary - an enema.
Day of examination
If the procedure is scheduled for the morning hours, then it makes no sense to find out what you can eat before the ultrasound of the abdominal cavity. We must refuse breakfast. Exceptions are only those cases when the survey will be conducted in the evening. In this situation, you can eat a light breakfast.
Specialists advise before the procedure to drink activated charcoal( about 10 tablets) or 2 capsules of Simethicone. Make it necessary for a couple of hours before the survey. People suffering from excessive gas formation, preferably in the morning to make an enema.
Immediately before ultrasound, you can not smoke, drink water, chew gum, take antispasmodics, dissolve candy. All this can affect the results of the diagnosis.
procedure is performed Many people are worried about what can be eaten before the ultrasound of the abdominal cavity, and forget to ask about how the procedure is performed. It is absolutely painless. The doctor examines the internal organs with the help of a contact sensor. For the examination, the patient lays down on the couch.
With a standard examination:
- looks at the liver and gallbladder;
- assesses retroperitoneal space, vessels;
- check the condition of the stomach, pancreas.
Other authorities check if this is indicated in the direction of the examination.
Immediately after completion of the examination, the patient can return to the usual lifestyle. Further examination and treatment will be prescribed by a doctor who sent the patient for this diagnosis.