"Elkar"( solution or drops of 20%): instructions for use, testimonials. The analogue of "Elkar"
The drug "Elkar" is used to improve the metabolism and processes involved in the metabolism. According to the clinical and pharmacological group refers to drugs that improve the energy supply of tissues.
The release form
"Elkar" is available as a solution for oral administration. It is a thick enough transparent liquid, without an obvious smell.
In 1 ml of the drug contains 300 mg of Levocarnitine. As auxiliary additives, citric acid, methyl parahydroxybenzoate, distilled water and propyl parahydroxybenzoate are used.
"Elkar" is produced in medical bottles made of dark brown glass, in volumes of twenty five, fifty and one hundred milliliters. Depending on the volume, the bottle comes with a measuring spoon or a glass. Packing is a cardboard box.
The main active ingredient is L-carnitine( Levocarnitine) - a derivative of vitamin B.
Is produced under the same trade name as an analog preparation."Elkar" in metabolic processes acts as a carrier of long-chain fatty acids in the mitochondria through the cell membranes. In mitochondria, acids pass through the β-oxidation process, which releases acetyl-coA and ATP.
"Elkar", the price for which starts from 250 rubles, improves the metabolism of proteins and fats, increases the production and concentration of enzymes in the gastric and intestinal juices, thereby improving the digestive process. Helps reduce body weight by reducing the fat content in muscle tissue. The use of the drug increases the resistance to physical stress. L-carnitine hinders the formation of anaerobic glycolysis, keto acids. Allows a longer time to store glycogen reserves, affects the increase in its deposits in muscles and liver. Reduces lactic acidosis.
L-carnitine and its analog, "Elkar", are known for lipolytic and anabolic effects. They normalize the process of increasing the basal metabolism in hypothyroidism and other thyroid disorders.
Injection and elimination of
L-carnitine and its analog, "Elcar", are absorbed in the intestine. After oral administration, the maximum effect occurs after 3-4 hours. Within 10 hours, the amount of L-carnitine that is sufficient for the therapeutic effect remains.
The substance quickly penetrates the liver, into the middle layers of the heart, more slowly - into the muscle tissues of the body. It is excreted by the kidneys.
"Elkar": dosage, overdose, side effects.
. It is taken before meals, in diluted form.
Levocarnitine and its analog "Elkar" for adults are prescribed for:
Prolonged physical and emotional loads.
In a dose of 750 mg( 2.5 ml) 2-3 times a day. Course - 1 week.
During the rehabilitation period after operations and serious illnesses.
In a dose of 1.5 g( 5 ml) 2 times a day. Course - from 1 month.
In a complex of measures to combat chronic gastrointestinal diseases.
In a dose of 375 mg( 1.25 ml) 2-3 times a day. The course is 1,5-2 months.
In a dose of 250 mg 3 times a day. Course - 3 weeks, then - break and repeat treatment.
In the complex therapy of various brain lesions.
In a dose of 750 mg( 2.5 ml) twice a day. Course - 1 week. After a break is appointed again.
In the treatment of skin diseases of various origins.
In a dose of 750 mg( 2.5 ml) per day. Course - 1 month.
With carnitine insufficiency.
In a dose of 100 mg per 1 kilogram of weight( 5 drops per kg) 3 times a day. The course of admission is one quarter.
Before sports competitions and during the recovery period.
In a dose of 2 g 3 times a day. The course is 3-5 weeks.
In the treatment of growth retardation.
In a dose of 250 mg( 10-13 drops) twice a day. Course - 3 weeks. Repeatable after the break.
For preventive purposes.
For babies - the doctor doses according to the individual parameters of the child. From 3 to 6 years in a dose of 100 mg 3 times a day. From 6 to 12 - 200 mg - 3 r / day. The course of admission is from 2 weeks to a month."Elkar" children are added to sugary drinks.
In case of an overdose, patients of all ages may experience difficulty and painful digestion, upset of the stool, and myasthenia gravis. Treatment is done by taking tablets of activated carbon and other enterosorbents. In severe cases, gastric lavage.
Use in pregnancy and with other medicines
Drugs with L-carnitine are not recommended for use at any time during pregnancy and during lactation due to lack of studies on tolerability.
With simultaneous admission with drugs from the group of glucocorticosteroids, "Elkar" more accumulates in the tissues of the body. When used with anabolics, the therapeutic effect of the drug is enhanced.
Indications for use in adults
As a rule, the therapeutic effect of "Elkar" is better manifested in the complex treatment. So, it is used in complex therapy:
when recovering from surgical interventions, especially those combined with large blood loss, to accelerate the rehabilitation and regeneration of tissues;
skin diseases, in particular red lupus, psoriasis, seborrheic eczema;
of brain damage, in particular injuries and strokes;
thyroid disorders, especially hyperthyroidism;
chronic diseases of the digestive system, in particular pancreatitis with a decreased secretion and gastritis.
Also, "Elkar" is used to enhance performance, reduce fatigue, under intense stress, during stress.
Indications for use in children
"Elkar" and its analogs, for example "Levocarnitine", whose price is somewhat cheaper, are also used in pediatrics. In this case, a doctor determines the dosage and indications for children under the age of 3 years.
Drugs with L-carnitine can be used when:
no sucking reflex or lethargy;
at a low rate of body weight gain in infants;
Special instructions, terms of delivery
"Elkar" and analogs can be used without the risk of violations of coordination of movement and attention. The drug does not affect the driving of cars and other vehicles, does not affect the performance of any kind of work, including dangerous ones.
In pharmacies is dispensed without a prescription.
"Elkar" and weight loss
The popularity of Levocarnitine drugs is due to their ability to reduce the fatty layer in the body. In fact, everything is not so rosy. The substance is directed to the utilization of fatty acids. Levocarnitine transports fat into cells, where it then burns in the mitochondria. But this action is possible only in combination with strong enough and long physical exertion.
"Burning fat" with levocarnitine will occur only with regular exercise, aerobic training, cardio exercises and so on. The duration of such fitness should be at least 40 minutes, and regularity - at least 3 times a week. It is at this rate that left-wing carnitine will start working in the right direction.
Buyers who use "Elkar" are convinced of its effectiveness. First of all, the reviews mention his influence on working capacity, concentration of attention and antidepressant properties. In this regard, its use is very justified.
He also received good reviews in pediatrics as a vitamin remedy, which improves the development and growth of the child's body.
As for the comments about the use of "Elkar" and other levokarnitinovyh drugs as a means to lose weight, then the opinions are divided roughly equally. Some consumers say that it is not effective at all, while another says that it is possible to obtain good weight loss results by applying L-carnitine in combination with diet and exercise.
"Elkar": price, analogues
L-carnitine - is popular not only as a medicine, but also as a biologically active additive, used by many athletes, bodybuilders, and also as an auxiliary drug in a set of measures for weight loss.
Among the forms of output there is a diversity. For example, a solution for oral administration "Karniten", whose price is twice as high as "Elkar", has exactly the same pharmacological effect. The only difference is that its bottles start with a volume of 10 milliliters.
You can find both capsules and chewable tablets with different flavors. But since this is already a dietary supplement, not medicines, it will be easier to find them in sports nutrition stores.
The active substance of all these drugs and bioadditives is one - levocarnitin. The price of funds with it will start from 250 rubles per bottle in 30 ml, or from 150 per 10 ml, as in the case of "Carniten".The drug "Elkar", which is devoted to this article, is in the middle price range.
When choosing such drugs, it is worth remembering also about the advisability of preliminary consultation of a medical specialist.