Thymus gland in children: anxiety symptoms and realistic predictions
Thymus gland in children consists of two structural sections: cervical and thoracic, and it is located in the anterior mediastinum. It should immediately be clarified that this gland predominates mainly in childhood, for which it received the characteristic name of "iron of childhood", in adult organisms in most cases, the neck pocket is absent. There is a very relevant question, and what functions does the thymus gland in children?
Assignment of thymus gland
The main task of this body is to regulate the differentiation of lymphocytes, that is, it directly transforms stem hemopoietic cells into T-lymphocytes. From extracts of thymus gland tissue, biological preparations were obtained that significantly stimulate cellular immunity reactions and enhance the creation of antibodies, which entails an increase in the number of T-lymphocytes in the blood.
Causes of pathology
However, it is fair to note that in a number of clinical cases in infancy, pathologies associated with this organ are diagnosed, in particular, an increase in the thymus gland in children( thymomegaly).What provokes this pathological process? Quite often, such anomaly becomes a consequence( complication) of the transferred disease, but there is also a genetic factor. Thymus gland in newborns progresses as a result of abnormal course of mother's pregnancy, late conception, nephropathy, infectious diseases of the mother.
Thymus gland in children is diagnosed mainly clinically, that is, its pathology is reliably detected by X-ray, immunological and cytological studies. Similar examinations are carried out after the discovery of a number of characteristic symptoms.
Symptoms of the disease
So, the appearance of the cervical pocket is often accompanied by an unstable weight of the baby, that is, it is rapidly gaining weight, it also quickly loses it. In addition, the child may show a violation of the rhythm of the heart, venous network on the skin, cyanosis of the skin, sweating and frequent regurgitation.
Such children have weakened immunity and therefore are more likely than others to have viral and respiratory diseases, as well as constantly need productive prophylaxis and seasonal recovery.
Productive treatment of
However, primarily thymus gland in children requires timely treatment, which should be prescribed exclusively by an experienced specialist, based on the degree of progression of the disease and the general condition of the young patient. For a start, children are recommended a hypoallergenic diet and severely limited vaccination, which is also adjusted by the leading pediatrician. Productive treatment can be both conservative and operable, but the latter case is appropriate only when drug intervention did not yield tangible results. In addition, it should be understood that the removal of the thymus gland in newborns can significantly disrupt the development of immunity, as well as suppress natural growth processes, which is highly undesirable.
Nutrition of children with a similar problem should be balanced, and also contain a large amount of vitamin C. In addition, it is advisable to take licorice to stimulate the adrenal cortex, and when relapses recommend glucocorticoids( up to 5 days) and adaptogens. The child stays all the time of treatment on a medical examination.
Symptoms of the disease are not always pronounced, but with the slightest "hints" for an increase in the thymus gland, the pediatrician prescribes an immediate examination, and then, judging by the results, alternative treatment.